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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Conservative Union

1998 Positions

Issues: Conservative
State Office District Name Party Rating
Joel Hefley 100%
Jesse Helms 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Rick Hill 79%
Van Hilleary 96%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 8%
Maurice Hinchey 4%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 16%
David Lee Hobson 88%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Thomas Holden 24%
Ernest Hollings 33%
Darlene Hooley 12%
Stephen Horn 56%
John Nathan Hostettler 92%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 29%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 4%
Kenny Hulshof 88%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Asa Hutchinson 92%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 100%
Kay Hutchison 88%
Henry Hyde 92%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 100%
Daniel Inouye 9%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 95%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 8%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 4%
William Jefferson 13%
James Merrill Jeffords 24%
William Lewis Jenkins 100%
Christopher John 45%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 4%
Nancy Johnson 16%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 100%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 4%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 100%
Paul Kanjorski 12%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 28%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 96%
Sue Kelly 48%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 12%
Bob Kerrey 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 4%
Dale Kildee 16%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 20%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 76%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 100%
Gerald Kleczka 20%
Ronald Klink 13%
Joseph Knollenberg 96%
Herb Kohl 4%
James Kolbe 72%
Dennis Kucinich 20%
Jon Kyl 96%
John LaFalce 8%
Ray LaHood 60%
Nicholas Lampson 16%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 8%
Tom Lantos 8%
Stephen Largent 92%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 92%
Steve LaTourette 52%
Frank Lautenberg 4%
Rick Lazio 52%
James Leach 32%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 12%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 5%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 0%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 8%
Jerry Lewis 75%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 0%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 16%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 48%
Robert Livingston 96%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 68%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 92%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 8%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 100%
Dick Lugar 68%
William Luther 4%
Connie Mack 80%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 8%
James Maloney 32%
Don Manzullo 92%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 4%
Matthew Martinez 29%
Frank Mascara 20%
Robert Matsui 4%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 68%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 24%
Karen McCarthy 0%
Bill McCollum 84%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 92%
James McCrery III 96%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 0%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 4%
John McHugh 68%
Scott McInnis 96%
David McIntosh 100%
NC U.S. House 7 Mike McIntyre Democratic 52%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 96%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 8%
Michael McNulty 21%
Martin Meehan 4%
Carrie Meek 4%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 5%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 12%
Jack Metcalf 80%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 92%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 4%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 4%
Dan Miller 88%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 8%
David Minge 24%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 8%
John Moakley 13%
Alan Mollohan 32%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 8%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 92%
Constance Morella 20%
Patrick Moynihan 8%
Frank Murkowski 78%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 4%
Jack Murtha 21%
Sue Myrick 88%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 8%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 12%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 96%
Robert William Ney 80%
Don Nickles 96%
Anne Northup 88%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
James Nussle 84%
Jim Oberstar 13%
Dave Obey 16%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 17%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 96%
Ronald Packard 96%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 12%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 16%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 4%
Ron Paul 88%
Donald Payne 9%
Edward Pease 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 12%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 56%
John Peterson 96%
WI U.S. House 6 Tom Petri Republican 88%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Owen Pickett 16%
PA U.S. House 16 Joe Pitts Republican 96%
Richard Pombo 96%
Earl Pomeroy 21%
John Edward Porter 46%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 88%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 8%
Deborah Pryce 83%
Jack Quinn 48%
George Radanovich 100%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 24%
James Ramstad 60%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 9%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 0%
Ralph Regula 64%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 20%
Silvestre Reyes 13%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 12%
Charles Robb 12%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 84%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 0%
Ciro Rodriguez 4%
Timothy Roemer 44%
James Rogan 100%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 92%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 100%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 80%
William Roth, Jr. 65%
Steve Rothman 8%
Marge Roukema 60%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 0%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 100%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 8%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 96%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 8%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 8%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 40%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 72%
Rick Santorum 84%
Paul Sarbanes 4%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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