Rating Group: American Conservative Union

1998 Positions

Issues: Conservative
State Office Name Party Rating
Wayne Allard 100%
Richard Armey 100%
John Ashcroft 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
Robert Barr, Jr. 100%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
Ed Bryant 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 100%
Michael Collins 100%
Larry Combest 100%
Christopher Cox 100%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Randall Cunningham 100%
John Doolittle 100%
Terry Everett 100%
Newt Gingrich 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
James Hansen 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 100%
Jesse Helms 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
William Lewis Jenkins 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
Ron Lewis 100%
John Linder 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
David McIntosh 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
Edward Pease 100%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
George Radanovich 100%
Bob Riley 100%
James Rogan 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
Jim Ryun 100%
Robert Schaffer 100%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 100%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
John Shadegg 100%
Bob Smith 100%
Floyd Spence 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 96%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 96%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 96%
Dan Burton 96%
Herbert Callahan 96%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 96%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 96%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 96%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 96%
John Cooksey 96%
Philip Crane 96%
Thomas DeLay 96%
Jay Dickey 96%
Jennifer Dunn 96%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 96%
William Phillip Gramm 96%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 96%
Van Hilleary 96%
OH Governor John Kasich R 96%
Joseph Knollenberg 96%
Jon Kyl 96%
Robert Livingston 96%
James McCrery III 96%
Scott McInnis 96%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 96%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 96%
Don Nickles 96%
Michael Oxley 96%
Ronald Packard 96%
John Peterson 96%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 96%
Richard Pombo 96%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matthew Salmon R 96%
Joe Scarborough 96%
E.G. Shuster 96%
Cliff Stearns 96%
Bob Stump 96%
James Talent 96%
Charles Taylor 96%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 96%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 96%
Mary Bono Mack 95%
Chris Cannon 95%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 95%
Bill Archer 92%
Michael Bilirakis 92%
Henry Bonilla 92%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 92%
Jim Bunning 92%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 92%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 92%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 92%
Paul Coverdell 92%
David Dreier 92%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 92%
Jo Ann Emerson 92%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 92%
Jim Gibbons 92%
William Goodling 92%
Gilbert Gutknecht 92%
John Nathan Hostettler 92%
Asa Hutchinson 92%
Henry Hyde 92%
Stephen Largent 92%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 92%
Trent Lott, Sr. 92%
Don Manzullo 92%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 92%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 92%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 92%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 92%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 92%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 92%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 92%
John Sununu 92%
William Thomas 92%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 92%
Wesley Watkins 92%
David Weldon 92%
Gerald Weller 92%
Cass Ballenger 91%
Thomas Ewing 91%
Porter Goss 91%
Bill Young 90%
Steve Buyer 88%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 88%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 88%
Tillie Fowler 88%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 88%
Rodney Grams 88%
David Lee Hobson 88%
Kenny Hulshof 88%
Kay Hutchison 88%
Dan Miller 88%
Sue Myrick 88%
Anne Northup 88%
Ron Paul 88%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 88%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 88%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 88%
William Tauzin 88%
Herbert Bateman 86%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 84%
Conrad Burns 84%
Merrill Cook 84%
Larry Craig 84%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 84%
George Gekas 84%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 84%
Bill McCollum 84%
James Nussle 84%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 84%
Rick Santorum 84%
Joseph Skeen 84%
Craig Thomas 84%
Fred Thompson 84%
Zach Wamp 84%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 84%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 84%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 83%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 83%
Deborah Pryce 83%
Mark Souder 83%
Heather Wilson 83%
Mark Foley 80%
William Frist 80%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 80%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 80%
Connie Mack 80%
Jack Metcalf 80%
Robert William Ney 80%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 80%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 80%
Rick Hill 79%
Gene Taylor 79%
John Warner 79%
Frank Murkowski 78%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 76%
Bill Barrett 76%
Ben Campbell 76%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 76%
Elton Gallegly 76%
Judd Gregg 76%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 76%
Nick Smith 76%
Strom Thurmond 76%
Jerry Lewis 75%
Kit Bond 72%
Slade Gorton 72%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 72%
James Kolbe 72%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 72%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 72%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 72%
Gordon Smith 72%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 70%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 68%
Philip English 68%
Paul Gillmor 68%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 68%
Dick Lugar 68%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 68%
John McHugh 68%
William Roth, Jr. 65%
Bob Bennett 64%
Douglas Bereuter 64%
Brian Bilbray 64%
Thomas Davis III 64%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 64%
John Ganske 64%
Ralph Regula 64%
James Traficant, Jr. 64%
Charlie Bass 63%
Jim Saxton 63%
Ray LaHood 60%
James Ramstad 60%
Marge Roukema 60%
W. Curtis Weldon 60%
Gary Condit 56%
Vern Ehlers 56%
Stephen Horn 56%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 56%
Ted Stevens 56%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 56%
Thomas Campbell 52%
Patsy Ann Danner 52%
Robert Franks 52%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 52%
Steve LaTourette 52%
Rick Lazio 52%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 52%
James Greenwood 48%
Sue Kelly 48%
William Lipinski 48%
Jack Quinn 48%
Charles Stenholm 48%
James Turner 48%
Michael Patrick Forbes 46%
John Edward Porter 46%
Christopher John 45%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 44%
Robert Cramer 44%
Wayne Gilchrest 44%
Timothy Roemer 44%
James Walsh 44%
Mike Castle 42%
John Tanner 41%
James Barcia 40%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 40%
Christopher Shays 40%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Benjamin Gilman 38%
Leonard Boswell 36%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 36%
Bart Gordon 36%
Ike Skelton 36%
Ernest Hollings 33%
Arlen Specter 33%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 32%
John Chafee 32%
James Leach 32%
James Maloney 32%
Alan Mollohan 32%
Ted Strickland 32%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 29%
Matthew Martinez 29%
Marion Berry 28%
Bob Etheridge 28%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 28%
Norman Sisisky 28%
Jerry Costello 25%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 25%
Sherwood Boehlert 24%
Robert Clement 24%
Thomas Holden 24%
James Merrill Jeffords 24%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 24%
David Minge 24%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 24%
Tony Hall 21%
Michael McNulty 21%
Jack Murtha 21%
Earl Pomeroy 21%
John Breaux 20%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 20%
Gerald Kleczka 20%
Dennis Kucinich 20%
Frank Mascara 20%
Constance Morella 20%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 20%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 20%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 20%
Bart Stupak 20%
Bob Weygand 20%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 18%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 17%
John Spratt, Jr. 17%
David Edward Bonior 16%
Robert Byrd 16%
Kent Conrad 16%
James Davis 16%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 16%
Lane Evans 16%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 16%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 16%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 16%
Nancy Johnson 16%
Dale Kildee 16%
Nicholas Lampson 16%
Joe Lieberman 16%
Dave Obey 16%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 16%
Owen Pickett 16%
Vic Snyder 16%
Harold Ford, Jr. 14%
William Jefferson 13%
Ronald Klink 13%
John Moakley 13%
Jim Oberstar 13%
Silvestre Reyes 13%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 13%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 12%
Rob Andrews 12%
Robert Borski, Jr. 12%
Byron Dorgan 12%
Russ Feingold 12%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 12%
Darlene Hooley 12%
Paul Kanjorski 12%
Patrick Kennedy 12%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 12%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 12%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 12%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 12%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 12%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 12%
Charles Robb 12%
Ellen Tauscher 12%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 12%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 10%
Sam Gejdenson 9%
Daniel Inouye 9%
Donald Payne 9%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 9%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 9%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 9%
Ed Towns 9%
Rod Blagojevich 8%
Richard Bryan 8%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 8%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 8%
Bill Delahunt 8%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 8%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 8%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 8%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 8%
Chet Edwards 8%
Jonas Frost III 8%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 8%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 8%
John LaFalce 8%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 8%
Tom Lantos 8%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 8%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 8%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 8%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 8%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 8%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 8%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 8%
Patrick Moynihan 8%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 8%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 8%
Steve Rothman 8%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 8%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 8%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 8%
Pete Stark 8%
Karen Thurman 8%
Robert Torricelli 8%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 8%
Bruce Vento 8%
Lynn Woolsey 8%
Max Baucus 5%
Howard Berman 5%
William Clay, Sr. 5%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 5%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 5%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 5%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 5%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 4%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 4%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 4%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 4%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 4%
Rick Boucher 4%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 4%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 4%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 4%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 4%
William Coyne 4%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 4%
Thomas Daschle 4%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 4%
Peter Deutsch 4%
Chris Dodd 4%
Calvin Dooley 4%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 4%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 4%
Bob Filner 4%
Barney Frank 4%
Daniel Graham 4%
Maurice Hinchey 4%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 4%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 4%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 4%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 4%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 4%
Herb Kohl 4%
Frank Lautenberg 4%
William Luther 4%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 4%
Robert Matsui 4%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 4%
Martin Meehan 4%
Carrie Meek 4%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 4%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 4%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 4%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 4%
Ciro Rodriguez 4%
Paul Sarbanes 4%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 4%
Mel Watt 4%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 4%
Paul Wellstone 4%
Bob Wise, Jr. 4%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 4%
Albert Wynn 4%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Thomas Allen 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
Julia Carson 0%
Eva Clayton 0%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
Norm Dicks 0%
Julian Dixon 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Bob Kerrey 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
Karen McCarthy 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
John Olver 0%
Major Owens 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
Robert Wexler 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.