Rating Group: American Conservative Union

1998 Positions

Issues: Conservative
State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 4%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 92%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 68%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 4%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 4%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 96%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 80%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 5%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 83%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 8%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 84%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 92%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 92%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 8%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 4%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 4%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 8%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 36%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 9%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 76%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 96%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 92%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 12%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 20%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 9%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 4%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 88%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 4%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 88%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 4%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 92%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 80%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 12%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 8%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 4%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 92%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 84%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 96%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 84%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 96%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 4%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 8%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 12%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 5%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 18%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 96%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 20%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 4%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 92%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 8%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 4%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 8%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 4%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 92%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 5%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 80%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 44%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 92%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 16%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 8%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 88%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 12%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 96%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 92%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 12%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 4%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 4%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 4%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 4%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 96%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 56%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 8%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 8%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 56%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 13%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 8%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 96%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 52%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 68%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 72%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 12%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 16%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 52%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 76%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 24%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 5%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 8%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 8%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 8%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 9%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 4%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 8%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 8%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 96%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 96%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 28%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 4%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 16%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 25%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 96%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 72%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 4%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 84%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 96%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 96%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 84%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 16%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 4%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 92%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 16%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 4%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 8%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 20%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 8%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 80%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 20%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 92%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 88%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 24%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 88%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 12%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 92%
OH Governor John Kasich R 96%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 64%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 88%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 72%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 4%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 4%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 4%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 76%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 10%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 12%
Bill Archer 92%
Richard Armey 100%
John Ashcroft 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 91%
James Barcia 40%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
Bill Barrett 76%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 63%
Herbert Bateman 86%
Max Baucus 5%
Bob Bennett 64%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 4%
Douglas Bereuter 64%
Howard Berman 5%
Marion Berry 28%
Brian Bilbray 64%
Michael Bilirakis 92%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
Rod Blagojevich 8%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 100%
Sherwood Boehlert 24%
Kit Bond 72%
Henry Bonilla 92%
David Edward Bonior 16%
Mary Bono Mack 95%
Robert Borski, Jr. 12%
Leonard Boswell 36%
Rick Boucher 4%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 32%
John Breaux 20%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
Richard Bryan 8%
Ed Bryant 100%
Jim Bunning 92%
Conrad Burns 84%
Dan Burton 96%
Steve Buyer 88%
Robert Byrd 16%
Herbert Callahan 96%
Ben Campbell 76%
Thomas Campbell 52%
Chris Cannon 95%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 42%
John Chafee 32%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 92%
William Clay, Sr. 5%
Eva Clayton 0%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 0%
Robert Clement 24%
Michael Collins 100%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 56%
Kent Conrad 16%
Merrill Cook 84%
John Cooksey 96%
Jerry Costello 25%
Paul Coverdell 92%
Christopher Cox 100%
William Coyne 4%
Larry Craig 84%
Robert Cramer 44%
Philip Crane 96%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Randall Cunningham 100%
Patsy Ann Danner 52%
Thomas Daschle 4%
James Davis 16%
Thomas Davis III 64%
Bill Delahunt 8%
Thomas DeLay 96%
Peter Deutsch 4%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 68%
Jay Dickey 96%
Norm Dicks 0%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 4%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 70%
Calvin Dooley 4%
John Doolittle 100%
Byron Dorgan 12%
David Dreier 92%
Jennifer Dunn 96%
Chet Edwards 8%
Vern Ehlers 56%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 92%
Jo Ann Emerson 92%
Philip English 68%
Bob Etheridge 28%
Lane Evans 16%
Terry Everett 100%
Thomas Ewing 91%
Russ Feingold 12%
Bob Filner 4%
Mark Foley 80%
Michael Patrick Forbes 46%
Harold Ford, Jr. 14%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 96%
Tillie Fowler 88%
Barney Frank 4%
Robert Franks 52%
William Frist 80%
Jonas Frost III 8%
Elton Gallegly 76%
John Ganske 64%
Sam Gejdenson 9%
George Gekas 84%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 12%
Jim Gibbons 92%
Wayne Gilchrest 44%
Paul Gillmor 68%
Benjamin Gilman 38%
Newt Gingrich 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 83%
William Goodling 92%
Bart Gordon 36%
Slade Gorton 72%
Porter Goss 91%
Daniel Graham 4%
William Phillip Gramm 96%
Rodney Grams 88%
James Greenwood 48%
Judd Gregg 76%
Gilbert Gutknecht 92%
Tony Hall 21%
James Hansen 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 100%
Jesse Helms 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Rick Hill 79%
Van Hilleary 96%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 8%
Maurice Hinchey 4%
David Lee Hobson 88%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Thomas Holden 24%
Ernest Hollings 33%
Darlene Hooley 12%
Stephen Horn 56%
John Nathan Hostettler 92%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 29%
Kenny Hulshof 88%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Asa Hutchinson 92%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 100%
Kay Hutchison 88%
Henry Hyde 92%
Daniel Inouye 9%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 95%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 8%
William Jefferson 13%
James Merrill Jeffords 24%
William Lewis Jenkins 100%
Christopher John 45%
Nancy Johnson 16%
Paul Kanjorski 12%
Sue Kelly 48%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 12%
Bob Kerrey 0%
Dale Kildee 16%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 20%
Ronald Klink 13%
Joseph Knollenberg 96%
Herb Kohl 4%
James Kolbe 72%
Dennis Kucinich 20%
Jon Kyl 96%
John LaFalce 8%
Ray LaHood 60%
Nicholas Lampson 16%
Tom Lantos 8%
Stephen Largent 92%
Steve LaTourette 52%
Frank Lautenberg 4%
Rick Lazio 52%
James Leach 32%
Jerry Lewis 75%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 16%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 48%
Robert Livingston 96%
Trent Lott, Sr. 92%
Dick Lugar 68%
William Luther 4%
Connie Mack 80%
James Maloney 32%
Don Manzullo 92%
Matthew Martinez 29%
Frank Mascara 20%
Robert Matsui 4%
Karen McCarthy 0%
Bill McCollum 84%
James McCrery III 96%
John McHugh 68%
Scott McInnis 96%
David McIntosh 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 8%
Michael McNulty 21%
Martin Meehan 4%
Carrie Meek 4%
Jack Metcalf 80%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 4%
Dan Miller 88%
David Minge 24%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 8%
John Moakley 13%
Alan Mollohan 32%
Constance Morella 20%
Patrick Moynihan 8%
Frank Murkowski 78%
Jack Murtha 21%
Sue Myrick 88%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 96%
Robert William Ney 80%
Don Nickles 96%
Anne Northup 88%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
James Nussle 84%
Jim Oberstar 13%
Dave Obey 16%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 17%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 96%
Ronald Packard 96%
Ron Paul 88%
Donald Payne 9%
Edward Pease 100%
John Peterson 96%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Owen Pickett 16%
Richard Pombo 96%
Earl Pomeroy 21%
John Edward Porter 46%
Deborah Pryce 83%
Jack Quinn 48%
George Radanovich 100%
James Ramstad 60%
Ralph Regula 64%
Silvestre Reyes 13%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 12%
Charles Robb 12%
Ciro Rodriguez 4%
Timothy Roemer 44%
James Rogan 100%
William Roth, Jr. 65%
Steve Rothman 8%
Marge Roukema 60%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 40%
Rick Santorum 84%
Paul Sarbanes 4%
Jim Saxton 63%
Joe Scarborough 96%
Robert Schaffer 100%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 72%
Christopher Shays 40%
E.G. Shuster 96%
Norman Sisisky 28%
Joseph Skeen 84%
Ike Skelton 36%
Gordon Smith 72%
Nick Smith 76%
Bob Smith 100%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Vic Snyder 16%
Mark Souder 83%
Arlen Specter 33%
Floyd Spence 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 17%
Pete Stark 8%
Cliff Stearns 96%
Charles Stenholm 48%
Ted Stevens 56%
Ted Strickland 32%
Bob Stump 96%
Bart Stupak 20%
John Sununu 92%
James Talent 96%
John Tanner 41%
Ellen Tauscher 12%
William Tauzin 88%
Charles Taylor 96%
Gene Taylor 79%
Craig Thomas 84%
William Thomas 92%
Fred Thompson 84%
Karen Thurman 8%
Strom Thurmond 76%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
Robert Torricelli 8%
Ed Towns 9%
James Traficant, Jr. 64%
James Turner 48%
Bruce Vento 8%
James Walsh 44%
Zach Wamp 84%
John Warner 79%
Wesley Watkins 92%
Mel Watt 4%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 84%
David Weldon 92%
W. Curtis Weldon 60%
Gerald Weller 92%
Paul Wellstone 4%
Robert Wexler 0%
Bob Weygand 20%
Heather Wilson 83%
Bob Wise, Jr. 4%
Lynn Woolsey 8%
Albert Wynn 4%
Bill Young 90%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.