Rating Group: American Conservative Union

1998 Positions

Issues: Conservative
State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 12%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 76%
Gary Ackerman 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 96%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 10%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 12%
Bill Archer 92%
Richard Armey 100%
John Ashcroft 100%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 84%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 4%
Cass Ballenger 91%
James Barcia 40%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 4%
Bill Barrett 76%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
Charlie Bass 63%
Herbert Bateman 86%
Max Baucus 5%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
Bob Bennett 64%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 4%
Douglas Bereuter 64%
Howard Berman 5%
Marion Berry 28%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 4%
Brian Bilbray 64%
Michael Bilirakis 92%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 44%
Rod Blagojevich 8%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 4%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
Sherwood Boehlert 24%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 96%
Kit Bond 72%
Henry Bonilla 92%
David Edward Bonior 16%
Mary Bono Mack 95%
Robert Borski, Jr. 12%
Leonard Boswell 36%
Rick Boucher 4%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 4%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 32%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 96%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
John Breaux 20%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 4%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 4%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 92%
Richard Bryan 8%
Ed Bryant 100%
Jim Bunning 92%
Conrad Burns 84%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 92%
Dan Burton 96%
Steve Buyer 88%
Robert Byrd 16%
Herbert Callahan 96%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 92%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 96%
Ben Campbell 76%
Thomas Campbell 52%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 88%
Chris Cannon 95%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 18%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 8%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 42%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 96%
John Chafee 32%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 96%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 92%
William Clay, Sr. 5%
Eva Clayton 0%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 0%
Robert Clement 24%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 4%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 96%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 76%
Michael Collins 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 36%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 56%
Kent Conrad 16%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
Merrill Cook 84%
John Cooksey 96%
Jerry Costello 25%
Paul Coverdell 92%
Christopher Cox 100%
William Coyne 4%
Larry Craig 84%
Robert Cramer 44%
Philip Crane 96%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 83%
Barbara Cubin 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 4%
Randall Cunningham 100%
Patsy Ann Danner 52%
Thomas Daschle 4%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 8%
James Davis 16%
Thomas Davis III 64%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 88%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 16%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 4%
Bill Delahunt 8%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 8%
Thomas DeLay 96%
Peter Deutsch 4%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 64%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 68%
Jay Dickey 96%
Norm Dicks 0%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 8%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 4%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 8%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 70%
Calvin Dooley 4%
John Doolittle 100%
Byron Dorgan 12%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 25%
David Dreier 92%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 84%
Jennifer Dunn 96%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 8%
Chet Edwards 8%
Vern Ehlers 56%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 92%
Jo Ann Emerson 92%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 4%
Philip English 68%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 92%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
Bob Etheridge 28%
Lane Evans 16%
Terry Everett 100%
Thomas Ewing 91%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
Russ Feingold 12%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 4%
Bob Filner 4%
Mark Foley 80%
Michael Patrick Forbes 46%
Harold Ford, Jr. 14%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 96%
Tillie Fowler 88%
Barney Frank 4%
Robert Franks 52%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 52%
William Frist 80%
Jonas Frost III 8%
Elton Gallegly 76%
John Ganske 64%
Sam Gejdenson 9%
George Gekas 84%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 12%
Jim Gibbons 92%
Wayne Gilchrest 44%
Paul Gillmor 68%
Benjamin Gilman 38%
Newt Gingrich 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 83%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
William Goodling 92%
Bart Gordon 36%
Slade Gorton 72%
Porter Goss 91%
Daniel Graham 4%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 88%
William Phillip Gramm 96%
Rodney Grams 88%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 84%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 80%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 16%
James Greenwood 48%
Judd Gregg 76%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 16%
Gilbert Gutknecht 92%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 72%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 96%
Tony Hall 21%
James Hansen 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 5%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 5%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 80%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 100%
Jesse Helms 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Rick Hill 79%
Van Hilleary 96%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 8%
Maurice Hinchey 4%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 16%
David Lee Hobson 88%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Thomas Holden 24%
Ernest Hollings 33%
Darlene Hooley 12%
Stephen Horn 56%
John Nathan Hostettler 92%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 29%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 4%
Kenny Hulshof 88%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Asa Hutchinson 92%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 100%
Kay Hutchison 88%
Henry Hyde 92%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
Daniel Inouye 9%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 95%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 8%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 4%
William Jefferson 13%
James Merrill Jeffords 24%
William Lewis Jenkins 100%
Christopher John 45%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 4%
Nancy Johnson 16%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 4%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
Paul Kanjorski 12%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 28%
OH Governor John Kasich R 96%
Sue Kelly 48%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 12%
Bob Kerrey 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 4%
Dale Kildee 16%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 20%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 76%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
Gerald Kleczka 20%
Ronald Klink 13%
Joseph Knollenberg 96%
Herb Kohl 4%
James Kolbe 72%
Dennis Kucinich 20%
Jon Kyl 96%
John LaFalce 8%
Ray LaHood 60%
Nicholas Lampson 16%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 8%
Tom Lantos 8%
Stephen Largent 92%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 92%
Steve LaTourette 52%
Frank Lautenberg 4%
Rick Lazio 52%
James Leach 32%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 12%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 5%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 8%
Jerry Lewis 75%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 16%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 48%
Robert Livingston 96%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 68%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 92%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 8%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
Dick Lugar 68%
William Luther 4%
Connie Mack 80%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 8%
James Maloney 32%
Don Manzullo 92%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 4%
Matthew Martinez 29%
Frank Mascara 20%
Robert Matsui 4%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 68%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 24%
Karen McCarthy 0%
Bill McCollum 84%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 92%
James McCrery III 96%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 4%
John McHugh 68%
Scott McInnis 96%
David McIntosh 100%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 52%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 96%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 8%
Michael McNulty 21%
Martin Meehan 4%
Carrie Meek 4%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 5%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 12%
Jack Metcalf 80%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 92%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 4%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 4%
Dan Miller 88%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 8%
David Minge 24%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 8%
John Moakley 13%
Alan Mollohan 32%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 8%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 92%
Constance Morella 20%
Patrick Moynihan 8%
Frank Murkowski 78%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 4%
Jack Murtha 21%
Sue Myrick 88%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 8%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 12%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 96%
Robert William Ney 80%
Don Nickles 96%
Anne Northup 88%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
James Nussle 84%
Jim Oberstar 13%
Dave Obey 16%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 17%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 96%
Ronald Packard 96%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 12%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 16%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 4%
Ron Paul 88%
Donald Payne 9%
Edward Pease 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 12%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 56%
John Peterson 96%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 88%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Owen Pickett 16%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 96%
Richard Pombo 96%
Earl Pomeroy 21%
John Edward Porter 46%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 88%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 8%
Deborah Pryce 83%
Jack Quinn 48%
George Radanovich 100%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 24%
James Ramstad 60%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 9%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
Ralph Regula 64%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 20%
Silvestre Reyes 13%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 12%
Charles Robb 12%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 84%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 0%
Ciro Rodriguez 4%
Timothy Roemer 44%
James Rogan 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 92%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 80%
William Roth, Jr. 65%
Steve Rothman 8%
Marge Roukema 60%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 96%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 8%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 8%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 40%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 72%
Rick Santorum 84%
Paul Sarbanes 4%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
Jim Saxton 63%
Joe Scarborough 96%
Robert Schaffer 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 9%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 20%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 92%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 100%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 72%
Christopher Shays 40%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 92%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 20%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 88%
E.G. Shuster 96%
Norman Sisisky 28%
Joseph Skeen 84%
Ike Skelton 36%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 8%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 0%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 72%
Gordon Smith 72%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 92%
Nick Smith 76%
Bob Smith 100%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Vic Snyder 16%
Mark Souder 83%
Arlen Specter 33%
Floyd Spence 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 17%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 9%
Pete Stark 8%
Cliff Stearns 96%
Charles Stenholm 48%
Ted Stevens 56%
Ted Strickland 32%
Bob Stump 96%
Bart Stupak 20%
John Sununu 92%
James Talent 96%
John Tanner 41%
Ellen Tauscher 12%
William Tauzin 88%
Charles Taylor 96%
Gene Taylor 79%
Craig Thomas 84%
William Thomas 92%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 13%
Fred Thompson 84%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 92%
Karen Thurman 8%
Strom Thurmond 76%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 4%
Robert Torricelli 8%
Ed Towns 9%
James Traficant, Jr. 64%
James Turner 48%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 56%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 8%
Bruce Vento 8%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 12%
James Walsh 44%
Zach Wamp 84%
John Warner 79%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
Wesley Watkins 92%
Mel Watt 4%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 84%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 4%
David Weldon 92%
W. Curtis Weldon 60%
Gerald Weller 92%
Paul Wellstone 4%
Robert Wexler 0%
Bob Weygand 20%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 96%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 96%
Heather Wilson 83%
Bob Wise, Jr. 4%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 80%
Lynn Woolsey 8%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 4%
Albert Wynn 4%
Bill Young 90%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 84%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.