Rating Group: American Conservative Union

1996 Positions

Issues: Conservative
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 89%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 90%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 95%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 95%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 5%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 20%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 5%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 5%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 95%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 60%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 85%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 30%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 90%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 90%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 10%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 95%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 95%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 15%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 95%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 95%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 85%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 95%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 11%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 11%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 5%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 10%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 5%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 95%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 85%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 0%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 25%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 53%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 94%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 5%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 20%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 5%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 90%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 5%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 70%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 80%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 10%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 75%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 15%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 5%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 79%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 5%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 5%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 15%
OH Governor John Kasich R 95%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 85%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 89%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 15%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 5%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 32%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 5%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 100%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 95%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 5%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 37%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 85%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 90%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 89%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 5%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 28%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 0%
TX U.S. House-36 Steve Stockman R 83%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 95%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 20%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 95%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 5%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 100%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 100%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 5%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 16%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 20%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 95%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 5%
Wayne Allard 100%
Rob Andrews 25%
Bill Archer 100%
Richard Armey 100%
John Ashcroft 100%
Henry Scott Baesler 25%
Richard Hugh Baker 95%
William Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 100%
James Barcia 47%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
Bill Barrett 95%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 100%
Herbert Bateman 85%
Max Baucus 20%
Anthony Beilenson 0%
Bob Bennett 95%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 10%
Douglas Bereuter 60%
Howard Berman 0%
Tom Bevill 41%
Brian Bilbray 74%
Michael Bilirakis 90%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 100%
Peter Blute 60%
Sherwood Boehlert 50%
Kit Bond 90%
Henry Bonilla 85%
David Edward Bonior 5%
Sonny Bono 95%
Robert Borski, Jr. 10%
Rick Boucher 15%
Bill Bradley 5%
John Breaux 20%
Bill Brewster 68%
Glen Browder 58%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
Hank Brown 95%
Richard Bryan 10%
Ed Bryant 100%
John Bryant 0%
Dale Bumpers 0%
Jim Bunn 65%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 100%
Dan Burton 100%
Steve Buyer 95%
Robert Byrd 15%
Herbert Callahan 100%
Ben Campbell 78%
Thomas Campbell 60%
Mike Castle 60%
John Chafee 60%
Jim Chapman 14%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 95%
Jon Lynn Christensen 100%
Dick Chrysler 95%
William Clay, Sr. 6%
Eva Clayton 5%
Robert Clement 30%
William Clinger 83%
William Cohen 59%
Ronald Coleman 0%
Barbara-Rose Collins 0%
Cardiss Collins 0%
Michael Collins 100%
Larry Combest 95%
Gary Condit 70%
Kent Conrad 15%
Wes Cooley 95%
Jerry Costello 30%
Paul Coverdell 100%
Christopher Cox 100%
William Coyne 0%
Larry Craig 95%
Robert Cramer 55%
Philip Crane 100%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 95%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Randall Cunningham 100%
Alfonse D'Amato 75%
Patsy Ann Danner 45%
Thomas Daschle 0%
Thomas Davis III 79%
E. Kika de la Garza 36%
Thomas DeLay 100%
Ronald Dellums 0%
Peter Deutsch 18%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 60%
Jay Dickey 100%
Norm Dicks 0%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 10%
Robert Dole 87%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 85%
Calvin Dooley 15%
John Doolittle 100%
Byron Dorgan 20%
Robert Dornan 95%
David Dreier 100%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
Chet Edwards 20%
Vern Ehlers 79%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 100%
Bill Emerson 100%
Philip English 74%
John Ensign 85%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 100%
Thomas Ewing 100%
Jim Exon 32%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 95%
Harris Fawell 85%
Victor Fazio 0%
Russ Feingold 10%
Cleo Fields 0%
Jack Fields, Jr. 100%
Bob Filner 0%
Floyd Flake 6%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 80%
Thomas Foglietta 5%
Mark Foley 90%
Michael Patrick Forbes 84%
Harold Ford, Sr. 7%
Wendell Ford 40%
Tillie Fowler 95%
Jon David Fox 65%
Sheila Frahm 100%
Barney Frank 0%
Gary Franks 90%
Robert Franks 63%
Dan Frisa 80%
William Frist 95%
Jonas Frost III 10%
David Funderburk 100%
Elizabeth Furse 5%
Elton Gallegly 100%
John Ganske 83%
Sam Gejdenson 0%
George Gekas 100%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 6%
Pete Geren 76%
Sam Gibbons 6%
Wayne Gilchrest 80%
Paul Gillmor 84%
Benjamin Gilman 45%
Newt Gingrich 100%
John Glenn 10%
Henry Gonzalez 15%
William Goodling 95%
Bart Gordon 50%
Slade Gorton 85%
Porter Goss 95%
Daniel Graham 15%
William Phillip Gramm 100%
Rodney Grams 95%
Enid Greene 95%
James Greenwood 60%
Judd Gregg 75%
Steven Gunderson 75%
Gilbert Gutknecht 100%
Tony Hall 15%
Lee Hamilton 45%
Melton Hancock 100%
James Hansen 100%
Jane Harman 26%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Mark Hatfield 50%
James Hayes 82%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 100%
W.G. Hefner 30%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 94%
Jesse Helms 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Van Hilleary 95%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 15%
Maurice Hinchey 5%
David Lee Hobson 90%
Pete Hoekstra 95%
Martin Hoke 85%
Thomas Holden 47%
Ernest Hollings 20%
Stephen Horn 63%
John Nathan Hostettler 95%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 60%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 100%
Kay Hutchison 100%
Henry Hyde 90%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 100%
Daniel Inouye 11%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 32%
William Jefferson 5%
James Merrill Jeffords 45%
Nancy Johnson 55%
Harry Johnston 0%
J. Bennett Johnston 30%
Paul Kanjorski 30%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 63%
Sue Kelly 70%
Dirk Kempthorne 95%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Joseph Kennedy II 0%
Patrick Kennedy 10%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 10%
Bob Kerrey 5%
Dale Kildee 15%
Jay Kim 100%
Gerald Kleczka 10%
Ronald Klink 30%
Scott Klug 75%
Joseph Knollenberg 95%
Herb Kohl 20%
James Kolbe 90%
Jon Kyl 100%
John LaFalce 5%
Ray LaHood 80%
Tom Lantos 0%
Stephen Largent 100%
Steve LaTourette 80%
Greg Laughlin 100%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Rick Lazio 75%
James Leach 37%
Jerry Lewis 83%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 35%
Jim Lightfoot 95%
Blanche Lincoln 36%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 40%
Robert Livingston 95%
James Longley, Jr. 74%
Trent Lott, Sr. 95%
Dick Lugar 95%
William Luther 0%
Connie Mack 100%
Thomas Manton 26%
Don Manzullo 100%
Matthew Martinez 10%
Bill Martini 60%
Frank Mascara 35%
Robert Matsui 0%
Karen McCarthy 5%
Bill McCollum 95%
James McCrery III 95%
Joseph McDade 75%
Paul McHale 20%
John McHugh 79%
Scott McInnis 100%
David McIntosh 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 0%
Michael McNulty 22%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 5%
Jack Metcalf 90%
Jan Meyers 80%
Dan Miller 95%
David Minge 15%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 5%
John Moakley 6%
Susan Molinari 88%
Alan Mollohan 15%
G.V. Montgomery 89%
Carlos Moorhead 100%
Constance Morella 30%
Carol Moseley Braun 5%
Patrick Moynihan 10%
Frank Murkowski 95%
Jack Murtha 25%
Sue Myrick 100%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 95%
Mark Neumann 95%
Robert William Ney 85%
Don Nickles 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
Sam Nunn 45%
James Nussle 95%
Jim Oberstar 20%
Dave Obey 25%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 37%
Bill Orton 40%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 100%
Ronald Packard 94%
Mike Parker 100%
William Paxon 100%
Donald Payne 0%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 30%
Clay Pell 5%
Pete Peterson 23%
Owen Pickett 50%
Richard Pombo 100%
Earl Pomeroy 11%
John Edward Porter 80%
Glenn Poshard 45%
Larry Pressler 95%
Deborah Pryce 85%
David Pryor 6%
James Quillen 94%
Jack Quinn 58%
George Radanovich 100%
James Ramstad 70%
Ralph Regula 75%
Bill Richardson 15%
Frank Riggs 85%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 5%
Charles Robb 20%
Timothy Roemer 40%
Charles Rose III 13%
Toby Roth 100%
William Roth, Jr. 85%
Marge Roukema 53%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Rick Santorum 95%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 84%
Joe Scarborough 95%
Daniel Schaefer 100%
Steven Schiff 63%
Pat Schroeder 0%
Andrea Seastrand 100%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 95%
Christopher Shays 60%
E.G. Shuster 100%
Paul Simon 0%
Alan Simpson 65%
Norman Sisisky 55%
David Skaggs 0%
Joseph Skeen 90%
Ike Skelton 50%
Linda Smith 84%
Nick Smith 95%
Bob Smith 100%
Olympia Snowe 70%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 95%
Mark Souder 95%
Arlen Specter 50%
Floyd Spence 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 25%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Charles Stenholm 65%
Ted Stevens 80%
Louis Stokes 0%
Gerry Studds 0%
Bob Stump 100%
Bart Stupak 20%
James Talent 100%
John Tanner 47%
Randy Tate 100%
William Tauzin 90%
Charles Taylor 100%
Gene Taylor 80%
Frank Tejeda 37%
Craig Thomas 100%
William Thomas 90%
Fred Thompson 85%
Ray Thornton 12%
Karen Thurman 15%
Strom Thurmond 95%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
Peter Torkildsen 50%
Esteban Edward Torres 0%
Robert Torricelli 21%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 50%
Bruce Vento 0%
Harold Volkmer 30%
Barbara Vucanovich 100%
Robert Walker 100%
James Walsh 68%
Zach Wamp 100%
Michael Ward 17%
John Warner 95%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 100%
David Weldon 100%
W. Curtis Weldon 84%
Gerald Weller 84%
Paul Wellstone 5%
Rick White 95%
Pat Williams 5%
Charles Wilson 8%
Bob Wise, Jr. 10%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
Albert Wynn 0%
Sidney Yates 0%
Bill Young 88%
Bill Zeliff 100%
Richard Zimmer 63%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.