Rating Group: American Conservative Union

2002 Positions

Issues: Conservative
State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 4%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Todd Akin 100%
Wayne Allard 100%
George Allen 84%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 8%
Joe Baca, Sr. 13%
Brian Baird 12%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 96%
Roscoe Bartlett 96%
Charlie Bass 80%
Max Baucus 37%
Evan Bayh 30%
Bob Bennett 100%
Douglas Bereuter 72%
Shelley Berkley 16%
Howard Berman 10%
Marion Berry 32%
Judy Biggert 84%
Michael Bilirakis 100%
Jeff Bingaman 17%
Sherwood Boehlert 64%
Kit Bond 84%
Henry Bonilla 92%
Mary Bono Mack 71%
Leonard Boswell 32%
Rick Boucher 21%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 40%
John Breaux 42%
Henry Brown, Jr. 96%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 100%
Dan Burton 100%
Steve Buyer 91%
Robert Byrd 15%
Ben Campbell 88%
Chris Cannon 95%
Eric Cantor 100%
Brad Carson 40%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 76%
Hillary Clinton 10%
Michael Collins 100%
Larry Combest 94%
Kent Conrad 10%
Jon Corzine 5%
Jerry Costello 36%
Christopher Cox 96%
Larry Craig 100%
Robert Cramer 56%
Philip Crane 100%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Randall Cunningham 96%
Thomas Daschle 22%
James Davis 24%
Jo Ann Davis 96%
Thomas Davis III 88%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 92%
James DeMint 100%
Peter Deutsch 12%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 88%
Norm Dicks 13%
Chris Dodd 5%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 88%
Calvin Dooley 24%
John Doolittle 91%
Byron Dorgan 20%
David Dreier 84%
Jennifer Dunn 92%
John Edwards 30%
Chet Edwards 36%
Vern Ehlers 80%
Jo Ann Emerson 96%
Philip English 92%
John Ensign 85%
Bob Etheridge 24%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 100%
Russ Feingold 5%
Michael Ferguson 84%
Bob Filner 0%
Peter Fitzgerald 85%
Ernest Fletcher 92%
Mark Foley 92%
Harold Ford, Jr. 24%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 92%
Barney Frank 8%
William Frist 100%
Jonas Frost III 4%
Elton Gallegly 100%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 8%
Jim Gibbons 92%
Wayne Gilchrest 78%
Paul Gillmor 88%
Charlie Gonzalez 0%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 96%
Bart Gordon 40%
Porter Goss 84%
Daniel Graham 20%
Mark Green 88%
James Greenwood 78%
Judd Gregg 85%
Gilbert Gutknecht 100%
Jane Harman 36%
Melissa Hart 96%
Robert Hayes 96%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Baron Hill 28%
Maurice Hinchey 4%
David Lee Hobson 88%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 4%
Pete Hoekstra 92%
Thomas Holden 40%
Ernest Hollings 15%
Darlene Hooley 12%
John Nathan Hostettler 84%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 62%
Kenny Hulshof 96%
Duncan Hunter 88%
Kay Hutchison 100%
Henry Hyde 88%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 92%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 20%
James Merrill Jeffords 6%
William Lewis Jenkins 100%
Christopher John 46%
Nancy Johnson 56%
Tim Johnson 76%
Paul Kanjorski 24%
Ric Keller 100%
Sue Kelly 88%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Mark Kennedy 96%
Patrick Kennedy 8%
Dale Kildee 8%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 4%
Joseph Knollenberg 88%
Herb Kohl 15%
James Kolbe 80%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
Jon Kyl 100%
Ray LaHood 92%
Nicholas Lampson 21%
Tom Lantos 4%
Steve LaTourette 76%
James Leach 56%
Jerry Lewis 88%
Ron Lewis 96%
Joe Lieberman 20%
Blanche Lincoln 40%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 32%
Trent Lott, Sr. 100%
Ken Lucas 84%
Dick Lugar 90%
Don Manzullo 100%
Robert Matsui 0%
Karen McCarthy 0%
James McCrery III 92%
John McHugh 79%
Scott McInnis 100%
Michael McNulty 12%
Martin Meehan 9%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Zell Bryan Miller 47%
Alan Mollohan 24%
Dennis Moore 20%
Jack Murtha 32%
Sue Myrick 96%
Ben Nelson 55%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 92%
Robert William Ney 92%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 88%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 96%
James Nussle 92%
Jim Oberstar 4%
Dave Obey 8%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 25%
Thomas William Osborne 80%
Doug Ose 84%
Major Owens 4%
Michael Oxley 96%
Ron Paul 76%
Donald Payne 0%
John Peterson 100%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Todd Platts 88%
Richard Pombo 96%
Earl Pomeroy 32%
Deborah Pryce 88%
Jack Quinn 64%
George Radanovich 88%
James Ramstad 92%
Ralph Regula 88%
Denny Rehberg 100%
Silvestre Reyes 19%
Thomas Reynolds 92%
Ciro Rodriguez 0%
Mike Ross 32%
Steve Rothman 12%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 40%
Rick Santorum 95%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 92%
Edward Schrock 100%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 88%
Christopher Shays 76%
Donald Sherwood 96%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 68%
Ike Skelton 32%
Gordon Smith 75%
Nick Smith 92%
Olympia Snowe 65%
Vic Snyder 12%
Hilda Solis 0%
Mark Souder 88%
Arlen Specter 50%
John Spratt, Jr. 16%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 96%
Charles Stenholm 50%
Ted Stevens 83%
Ted Strickland 12%
Bart Stupak 16%
John Sununu 92%
John Sweeney 88%
Tom Tancredo 100%
John Tanner 39%
Ellen Tauscher 8%
William Tauzin 96%
Charles Taylor 96%
Gene Taylor 48%
Craig Thomas 100%
William Thomas 80%
Todd Tiahrt 96%
Ed Towns 4%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 0%
James Turner 32%
George Voinovich 90%
James Walsh 75%
Zach Wamp 96%
John Warner 79%
Diane Watson 0%
Mel Watt 4%
Anthony Weiner 8%
David Weldon 100%
W. Curtis Weldon 79%
Gerald Weller 92%
Robert Wexler 9%
Heather Wilson 84%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 16%
Albert Wynn 8%
Bill Young 96%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 12%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 10%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 40%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 4%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 5%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 4%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 4%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 25%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 12%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 4%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 25%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 53%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 4%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 8%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 8%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 12%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 4%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 4%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 8%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 12%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 20%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 16%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 15%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 20%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 8%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 4%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 4%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 32%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 4%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 15%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 18%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 20%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 8%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 35%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 8%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 24%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 4%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 13%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 4%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 4%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 40%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 32%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 48%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 4%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 8%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 4%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 21%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 10%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 4%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 30%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 4%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 12%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 24%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 10%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 15%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 4%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 0%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 8%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 10%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 4%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 4%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 23%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 8%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 8%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 4%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 12%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 5%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 15%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 11%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 4%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 48%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 92%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 100%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 96%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 88%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 96%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 96%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 92%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 96%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 76%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 96%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 92%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 90%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 55%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 94%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 96%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 95%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 92%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 96%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 80%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 83%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 96%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 95%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 95%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 88%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 92%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 95%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 96%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 96%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 96%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 83%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 96%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 76%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 88%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 80%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 96%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 78%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 88%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 96%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 100%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 96%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 96%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 100%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 80%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 92%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 96%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 88%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 92%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 96%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 88%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 96%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 92%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 90%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 89%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 100%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 96%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 92%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 80%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 96%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 88%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 92%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 96%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 92%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 96%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 92%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 92%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 86%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.