Rating Group: American Conservative Union

2001 Positions

Issues: Conservative
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 91%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 91%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 96%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 100%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 96%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 8%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 68%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 92%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 8%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 4%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 88%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 13%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 12%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 4%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 91%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 12%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 96%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 84%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 12%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 12%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 0%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 0%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 8%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 24%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 92%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 8%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 92%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 8%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 71%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 16%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 88%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 39%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 88%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 100%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 8%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 91%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 92%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 8%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 84%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 92%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 96%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 10%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 16%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 4%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 92%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 48%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 17%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 88%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 96%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 96%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 88%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 96%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 28%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 13%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 4%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 4%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 4%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 9%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 4%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 12%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 4%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 64%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 4%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 96%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 76%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 84%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 4%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 24%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 4%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 8%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 8%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 4%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 43%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 4%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 8%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 88%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 96%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 12%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 88%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 96%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 12%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 84%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 4%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 92%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 4%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 92%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 64%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 88%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 96%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 60%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 56%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 16%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 20%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 60%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 16%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 4%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 20%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 84%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 8%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 17%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 5%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 0%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 4%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 20%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 4%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 16%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 96%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 96%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 30%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 92%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 4%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 88%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 72%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 96%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 96%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 84%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 16%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 8%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 16%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 94%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 32%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 100%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 0%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 28%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 4%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 44%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 20%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 88%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 32%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 80%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 92%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 96%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 96%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 100%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 96%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 80%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 96%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 13%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 8%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 96%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 36%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 4%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 4%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 32%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 96%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 4%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 96%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 8%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 79%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 8%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 8%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 12%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 96%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 20%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 4%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 12%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 4%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 88%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 12%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 96%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 72%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 0%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 76%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 36%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 12%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 92%
Gary Ackerman 4%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 13%
Todd Akin 100%
Wayne Allard 100%
George Allen 96%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 20%
Richard Armey 96%
Joe Baca, Sr. 24%
Brian Baird 12%
Richard Hugh Baker 96%
Cass Ballenger 88%
James Barcia 48%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
Roscoe Bartlett 88%
Charlie Bass 60%
Max Baucus 28%
Evan Bayh 32%
Bob Bennett 100%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 24%
Douglas Bereuter 72%
Shelley Berkley 12%
Howard Berman 4%
Marion Berry 52%
Judy Biggert 56%
Michael Bilirakis 84%
Jeff Bingaman 29%
Rod Blagojevich 12%
Sherwood Boehlert 32%
Kit Bond 88%
Henry Bonilla 92%
David Edward Bonior 20%
Mary Bono Mack 68%
Robert Borski, Jr. 20%
Leonard Boswell 24%
Rick Boucher 16%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 32%
John Breaux 48%
Henry Brown, Jr. 92%
Ed Bryant 100%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 96%
Dan Burton 100%
Steve Buyer 96%
Robert Byrd 40%
Herbert Callahan 91%
Ben Campbell 92%
Chris Cannon 100%
Eric Cantor 100%
Jean Carnahan 28%
Brad Carson 48%
Julia Carson 4%
Mike Castle 48%
Eva Clayton 0%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 36%
Robert Clement 36%
Hillary Clinton 12%
Michael Collins 96%
Larry Combest 92%
Gary Condit 24%
Kent Conrad 36%
John Cooksey 96%
Jon Corzine 0%
Jerry Costello 44%
Christopher Cox 96%
William Coyne 0%
Larry Craig 96%
Robert Cramer 65%
Philip Crane 100%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Randall Cunningham 96%
Thomas Daschle 8%
James Davis 12%
Jo Ann Davis 100%
Thomas Davis III 60%
Bill Delahunt 4%
Thomas DeLay 100%
James DeMint 100%
Peter Deutsch 8%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 84%
Norm Dicks 8%
Chris Dodd 16%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 90%
Calvin Dooley 32%
John Doolittle 100%
Byron Dorgan 36%
David Dreier 84%
Jennifer Dunn 88%
John Edwards 16%
Chet Edwards 40%
Vern Ehlers 68%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 76%
Jo Ann Emerson 83%
Philip English 68%
John Ensign 84%
Bob Etheridge 36%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 100%
Russ Feingold 20%
Michael Ferguson 58%
Bob Filner 0%
Peter Fitzgerald 78%
Ernest Fletcher 96%
Mark Foley 64%
Harold Ford, Jr. 8%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 88%
Barney Frank 0%
William Frist 100%
Jonas Frost III 25%
Elton Gallegly 88%
John Ganske 63%
George Gekas 84%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 13%
Jim Gibbons 96%
Wayne Gilchrest 48%
Paul Gillmor 79%
Benjamin Gilman 36%
Charlie Gonzalez 4%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 96%
Bart Gordon 42%
Porter Goss 80%
Daniel Graham 16%
William Phillip Gramm 96%
Mark Green 88%
James Greenwood 48%
Judd Gregg 88%
Felix Grucci, Jr. 80%
Gilbert Gutknecht 96%
Tony Hall 29%
James Hansen 100%
Jane Harman 20%
Melissa Hart 88%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Robert Hayes 96%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 96%
Jesse Helms 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 96%
Baron Hill 32%
Van Hilleary 96%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 16%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 80%
Pete Hoekstra 88%
Thomas Holden 48%
Ernest Hollings 29%
Darlene Hooley 4%
Stephen Horn 48%
John Nathan Hostettler 92%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 30%
Kenny Hulshof 92%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 92%
Kay Hutchison 96%
Henry Hyde 92%
Daniel Inouye 9%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 21%
James Merrill Jeffords 29%
William Lewis Jenkins 96%
Christopher John 63%
Nancy Johnson 32%
Tim Johnson 68%
Paul Kanjorski 36%
Ric Keller 96%
Sue Kelly 40%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 4%
Mark Kennedy 88%
Patrick Kennedy 4%
Brian Kerns 92%
Dale Kildee 32%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 4%
Gerald Kleczka 4%
Joseph Knollenberg 92%
Herb Kohl 16%
James Kolbe 60%
Dennis Kucinich 20%
Jon Kyl 100%
John LaFalce 16%
Ray LaHood 72%
Nicholas Lampson 21%
Tom Lantos 8%
Steve LaTourette 72%
James Leach 25%
Jerry Lewis 80%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 28%
Blanche Lincoln 28%
John Linder 96%
William Lipinski 55%
Trent Lott, Sr. 96%
Ken Lucas 76%
Dick Lugar 92%
William Luther 4%
James Maloney 24%
Don Manzullo 92%
Frank Mascara 56%
Robert Matsui 0%
Karen McCarthy 4%
James McCrery III 92%
John McHugh 68%
Scott McInnis 86%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 4%
Michael McNulty 24%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 9%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 4%
Dan Miller 78%
Zell Bryan Miller 60%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 4%
Alan Mollohan 48%
Dennis Moore 20%
Constance Morella 12%
Frank Murkowski 100%
Jack Murtha 48%
Sue Myrick 96%
Ben Nelson 56%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 96%
Robert William Ney 88%
Don Nickles 92%
Anne Northup 96%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 96%
James Nussle 88%
Jim Oberstar 24%
Dave Obey 13%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 60%
Thomas William Osborne 84%
Doug Ose 64%
Major Owens 4%
Michael Oxley 92%
Ron Paul 70%
Donald Payne 0%
John Peterson 88%
David Phelps 52%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 96%
Todd Platts 80%
Richard Pombo 96%
Earl Pomeroy 28%
Deborah Pryce 68%
Jack Quinn 70%
George Radanovich 92%
James Ramstad 52%
Ralph Regula 76%
Denny Rehberg 84%
Silvestre Reyes 30%
Thomas Reynolds 88%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 4%
Ciro Rodriguez 12%
Timothy Roemer 40%
Mike Ross 36%
Steve Rothman 13%
Marge Roukema 50%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 32%
Rick Santorum 100%
Paul Sarbanes 8%
Jim Saxton 64%
Robert Schaffer 100%
Edward Schrock 100%
John Shadegg 96%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 76%
Christopher Shays 32%
Donald Sherwood 88%
Ronnie Shows 76%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 44%
Joseph Skeen 96%
Ike Skelton 64%
Gordon Smith 80%
Nick Smith 92%
Bob Smith 100%
Olympia Snowe 60%
Vic Snyder 13%
Hilda Solis 0%
Mark Souder 96%
Arlen Specter 56%
John Spratt, Jr. 36%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 96%
Charles Stenholm 64%
Ted Stevens 92%
Ted Strickland 16%
Bob Stump 96%
Bart Stupak 38%
John Sununu 92%
John Sweeney 68%
Tom Tancredo 100%
John Tanner 50%
Ellen Tauscher 4%
William Tauzin 96%
Charles Taylor 92%
Gene Taylor 64%
Craig Thomas 96%
William Thomas 68%
Fred Thompson 84%
Karen Thurman 12%
Strom Thurmond 100%
Todd Tiahrt 96%
Robert Torricelli 28%
Ed Towns 14%
James Traficant, Jr. 76%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 4%
James Turner 48%
George Voinovich 83%
James Walsh 76%
Zach Wamp 88%
John Warner 96%
Wesley Watkins 96%
Diane Watson 0%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 96%
Anthony Weiner 0%
David Weldon 92%
W. Curtis Weldon 70%
Gerald Weller 92%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Robert Wexler 4%
Heather Wilson 84%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 8%
Albert Wynn 4%
Bill Young 80%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.