Rating Group: American Conservative Union

2000 Positions

Issues: Conservative
State Office Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 92%
Gary Ackerman 13%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 12%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 4%
Rob Andrews 20%
Bill Archer 95%
Richard Armey 92%
John Ashcroft 96%
Joe Baca, Sr. 16%
Brian Baird 12%
Richard Hugh Baker 75%
Cass Ballenger 91%
James Barcia 56%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
Bill Barrett 87%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 75%
Herbert Bateman 82%
Max Baucus 16%
Evan Bayh 16%
Bob Bennett 95%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 8%
Douglas Bereuter 64%
Shelley Berkley 28%
Howard Berman 4%
Marion Berry 48%
Judy Biggert 68%
Brian Bilbray 68%
Michael Bilirakis 80%
Jeff Bingaman 16%
Rod Blagojevich 25%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 82%
Sherwood Boehlert 40%
Kit Bond 92%
Henry Bonilla 82%
David Edward Bonior 8%
Mary Bono Mack 68%
Robert Borski, Jr. 16%
Leonard Boswell 41%
Rick Boucher 29%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 40%
John Breaux 40%
Richard Bryan 16%
Ed Bryant 95%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 87%
Dan Burton 91%
Steve Buyer 84%
Robert Byrd 28%
Herbert Callahan 69%
Ben Campbell 96%
Thomas Campbell 64%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 84%
Chris Cannon 100%
Julia Carson 4%
Mike Castle 68%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 95%
William Clay, Sr. 5%
Eva Clayton 16%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 24%
Robert Clement 40%
Michael Collins 96%
Larry Combest 88%
Gary Condit 44%
Kent Conrad 29%
Merrill Cook 90%
John Cooksey 73%
Jerry Costello 33%
Christopher Cox 100%
William Coyne 8%
Larry Craig 100%
Robert Cramer 40%
Philip Crane 100%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Randall Cunningham 92%
Patsy Ann Danner 56%
Thomas Daschle 8%
James Davis 16%
Thomas Davis III 70%
Bill Delahunt 8%
Thomas DeLay 88%
James DeMint 100%
Peter Deutsch 28%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 56%
Jay Dickey 92%
Norm Dicks 8%
Julian Dixon 9%
Chris Dodd 13%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 95%
Calvin Dooley 20%
John Doolittle 88%
Byron Dorgan 16%
David Dreier 92%
Jennifer Dunn 88%
John Edwards 12%
Chet Edwards 8%
Vern Ehlers 64%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 88%
Jo Ann Emerson 80%
Philip English 56%
Bob Etheridge 28%
Lane Evans 8%
Terry Everett 90%
Thomas Ewing 91%
Russ Feingold 8%
Bob Filner 0%
Peter Fitzgerald 95%
Ernest Fletcher 84%
Mark Foley 68%
Michael Patrick Forbes 45%
Harold Ford, Jr. 24%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 80%
Tillie Fowler 84%
Barney Frank 12%
Robert Franks 68%
William Frist 92%
Jonas Frost III 12%
Elton Gallegly 72%
John Ganske 73%
Sam Gejdenson 12%
George Gekas 87%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 13%
Jim Gibbons 88%
Wayne Gilchrest 58%
Paul Gillmor 76%
Benjamin Gilman 43%
Charlie Gonzalez 8%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 100%
William Goodling 88%
Bart Gordon 44%
Slade Gorton 96%
Porter Goss 96%
Daniel Graham 16%
William Phillip Gramm 100%
Rodney Grams 100%
Mark Green 84%
James Greenwood 60%
Judd Gregg 100%
Gilbert Gutknecht 92%
Tony Hall 21%
James Hansen 95%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Robert Hayes 76%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 100%
Jesse Helms 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 95%
Baron Hill 16%
Rick Hill 92%
Van Hilleary 92%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 12%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 72%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 8%
Pete Hoekstra 88%
Thomas Holden 32%
Ernest Hollings 20%
Darlene Hooley 16%
Stephen Horn 56%
John Nathan Hostettler 88%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 52%
Kenny Hulshof 96%
Duncan Hunter 76%
Asa Hutchinson 83%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 91%
Kay Hutchison 96%
Henry Hyde 76%
Daniel Inouye 23%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 90%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 4%
William Jefferson 13%
James Merrill Jeffords 36%
William Lewis Jenkins 91%
Christopher John 41%
Nancy Johnson 56%
Paul Kanjorski 16%
Sue Kelly 56%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 12%
Patrick Kennedy 16%
Bob Kerrey 16%
Dale Kildee 20%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 8%
Gerald Kleczka 20%
Ronald Klink 20%
Joseph Knollenberg 80%
Herb Kohl 20%
James Kolbe 68%
Dennis Kucinich 16%
Steven Kuykendall 60%
Jon Kyl 100%
John LaFalce 12%
Ray LaHood 72%
Nicholas Lampson 24%
Tom Lantos 4%
Stephen Largent 95%
Steve LaTourette 68%
Frank Lautenberg 4%
Rick Lazio 63%
James Leach 58%
Jerry Lewis 64%
Ron Lewis 96%
Joe Lieberman 20%
Blanche Lincoln 20%
John Linder 87%
William Lipinski 37%
Trent Lott, Sr. 100%
Dick Lugar 84%
William Luther 16%
Connie Mack 92%
James Maloney 36%
Don Manzullo 95%
Matthew Martinez 76%
Frank Mascara 28%
Robert Matsui 4%
Karen McCarthy 4%
Bill McCollum 87%
James McCrery III 83%
John McHugh 73%
Scott McInnis 95%
David McIntosh 88%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 12%
Michael McNulty 17%
Martin Meehan 12%
Carrie Meek 8%
Jack Metcalf 86%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 8%
Dan Miller 88%
David Minge 20%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 16%
John Moakley 16%
Alan Mollohan 28%
Dennis Moore 24%
Constance Morella 29%
Patrick Moynihan 22%
Frank Murkowski 100%
Jack Murtha 24%
Sue Myrick 95%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 88%
Robert William Ney 83%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 72%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
James Nussle 84%
Jim Oberstar 8%
Dave Obey 4%
John Olver 4%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 24%
Doug Ose 76%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 81%
Ronald Packard 84%
Ron Paul 76%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 84%
John Peterson 96%
David Phelps 32%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Owen Pickett 24%
Richard Pombo 100%
Earl Pomeroy 8%
John Edward Porter 52%
Deborah Pryce 80%
Jack Quinn 70%
George Radanovich 100%
James Ramstad 68%
Ralph Regula 76%
Silvestre Reyes 16%
Thomas Reynolds 84%
Bob Riley 91%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 8%
Charles Robb 16%
Ciro Rodriguez 12%
Timothy Roemer 37%
James Rogan 88%
William Roth, Jr. 86%
Steve Rothman 12%
Marge Roukema 68%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 33%
Rick Santorum 100%
Paul Sarbanes 12%
Jim Saxton 56%
Joe Scarborough 95%
Robert Schaffer 100%
John Shadegg 96%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 68%
Christopher Shays 60%
Donald Sherwood 75%
Ronnie Shows 69%
E.G. Shuster 82%
Norman Sisisky 44%
Joseph Skeen 84%
Ike Skelton 40%
Gordon Smith 84%
Nick Smith 91%
Bob Smith 100%
Olympia Snowe 80%
Vic Snyder 4%
Mark Souder 88%
Arlen Specter 62%
Floyd Spence 85%
John Spratt, Jr. 20%
Pete Stark 4%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Charles Stenholm 52%
Ted Stevens 92%
Ted Strickland 12%
Bob Stump 92%
Bart Stupak 22%
John Sununu 96%
John Sweeney 72%
James Talent 91%
Tom Tancredo 96%
John Tanner 36%
Ellen Tauscher 20%
William Tauzin 84%
Charles Taylor 92%
Gene Taylor 56%
Craig Thomas 92%
William Thomas 80%
Fred Thompson 92%
Karen Thurman 20%
Strom Thurmond 100%
Todd Tiahrt 91%
Robert Torricelli 29%
Ed Towns 4%
James Traficant, Jr. 60%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 0%
James Turner 29%
Bruce Vento 0%
George Voinovich 64%
James Walsh 56%
Zach Wamp 87%
John Warner 92%
Wesley Watkins 87%
Mel Watt 8%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 88%
Anthony Weiner 8%
David Weldon 92%
W. Curtis Weldon 76%
Gerald Weller 66%
Paul Wellstone 4%
Robert Wexler 17%
Bob Weygand 16%
Heather Wilson 80%
Bob Wise, Jr. 27%
Lynn Woolsey 8%
David Wu 20%
Albert Wynn 12%
Bill Young 72%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 12%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 8%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 4%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 8%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 8%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 16%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 43%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 4%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 12%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 9%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 4%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 16%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 8%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 12%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 8%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 20%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 4%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 4%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 8%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 8%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 8%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 16%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 12%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 20%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 4%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 22%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 8%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 8%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 28%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 20%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 9%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 4%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 4%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 8%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 16%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 12%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 28%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 4%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 9%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 16%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 18%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 12%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 8%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 16%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 12%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 8%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 4%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 12%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 8%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 4%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 4%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 9%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 60%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 12%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 4%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 24%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 48%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 8%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 8%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 8%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 12%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 12%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 8%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 4%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 4%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 8%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 12%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 20%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 8%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 8%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 4%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 28%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 4%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 44%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 12%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 4%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 8%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 17%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 4%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 4%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 12%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 4%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 20%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 4%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 21%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 16%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 8%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 8%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 4%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 12%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 9%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 4%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 12%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 4%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 8%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 32%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 4%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 88%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 88%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 96%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 87%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 88%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 84%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 84%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 91%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 86%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 95%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 92%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 76%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 96%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 80%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 84%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 92%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 56%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 84%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 96%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 88%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 88%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 92%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 95%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 72%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 96%
OH Governor John Kasich R 92%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 64%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 88%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 64%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 91%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 81%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 92%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 88%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 92%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 84%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 87%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 92%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 80%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 96%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 64%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 88%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 91%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 77%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 88%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 100%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 96%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 80%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 88%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 64%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 96%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 96%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 88%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 76%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 95%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 60%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 88%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 88%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 87%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 84%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 72%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 73%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.