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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Public Citizen's Congress Watch

1997-1998 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 42%
Gary Ackerman 58%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 83%
Wayne Allard 8%
Thomas Allen 68%
Rob Andrews 89%
Bill Archer 11%
Richard Armey 21%
John Ashcroft 17%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 63%
Bob Barr, Jr. 47%
Bill Barrett 11%
Roscoe Bartlett 37%
Charlie Bass 53%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 75%
Bob Bennett 33%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 32%
Douglas Bereuter 16%
Howard Berman 53%
Marion Berry 42%
Brian Bilbray 47%
Michael Bilirakis 26%
Jeff Bingaman 92%
Rod Blagojevich 79%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 37%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 11%
David Edward Bonior 74%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 68%
Leonard Boswell 53%
Rick Boucher 53%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 42%
John Breaux 58%
George Brown, Jr. 53%
Richard Bryan 75%
Ed Bryant 16%
Jim Bunning 21%
Conrad Burns 8%
Dan Burton 26%
Steve Buyer 16%
Robert Byrd 83%
Herbert Callahan 16%
Ben Campbell 17%
Thomas Campbell 58%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 37%
Chris Cannon 21%
Julia Carson 84%
Mike Castle 42%
John Chafee 50%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 32%
William Clay, Sr. 63%
Eva Clayton 58%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 67%
Robert Clement 32%
Michael Collins 32%
Larry Combest 5%
Gary Condit 74%
Kent Conrad 83%
Merrill Cook 32%
John Cooksey 16%
Jerry Costello 58%
Paul Coverdell 25%
Christopher Cox 37%
William Coyne 68%
Larry Craig 17%
Robert Cramer 42%
Philip Crane 16%
Barbara Cubin 5%
Randall Cunningham 21%
Patsy Ann Danner 58%
Thomas Daschle 67%
James Davis 47%
Thomas Davis III 5%
Bill Delahunt 89%
Thomas DeLay 5%
Peter Deutsch 63%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 32%
Jay Dickey 26%
Norm Dicks 16%
Julian Dixon 37%
Chris Dodd 67%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 25%
Calvin Dooley 16%
John Doolittle 21%
Byron Dorgan 83%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 11%
Chet Edwards 26%
Vern Ehlers 26%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 26%
Jo Ann Emerson 26%
Philip English 26%
Bob Etheridge 42%
Lane Evans 79%
Terry Everett 21%
Thomas Ewing 0%
Russ Feingold 83%
Bob Filner 79%
Mark Foley 42%
Michael Patrick Forbes 53%
Harold Ford, Jr. 32%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 10%
Tillie Fowler 37%
Barney Frank 84%
Robert Franks 68%
William Frist 17%
Jonas Frost III 32%
Elton Gallegly 26%
John Ganske 53%
Sam Gejdenson 79%
George Gekas 16%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 68%
Jim Gibbons 58%
Wayne Gilchrest 26%
Paul Gillmor 32%
Benjamin Gilman 37%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 42%
William Goodling 42%
Bart Gordon 47%
Slade Gorton 17%
Porter Goss 26%
Daniel Graham 58%
William Phillip Gramm 33%
Rodney Grams 17%
James Greenwood 32%
Judd Gregg 42%
Gilbert Gutknecht 37%
Tony Hall 47%
James Hansen 16%
J. Dennis Hastert 16%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 37%
Joel Hefley 53%
Jesse Helms 8%
Wally Herger, Jr. 5%
Rick Hill 16%
Van Hilleary 37%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 53%
Maurice Hinchey 89%
David Lee Hobson 21%
Pete Hoekstra 32%
Thomas Holden 53%
Ernest Hollings 50%
Darlene Hooley 63%
Stephen Horn 58%
John Nathan Hostettler 26%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 11%
Kenny Hulshof 32%
Duncan Hunter 37%
Asa Hutchinson 32%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 25%
Kay Hutchison 42%
Henry Hyde 11%
Daniel Inouye 50%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 21%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 84%
William Jefferson 32%
James Merrill Jeffords 33%
William Lewis Jenkins 26%
Christopher John 21%
Nancy Johnson 21%
Paul Kanjorski 47%
Sue Kelly 53%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 83%
Patrick Kennedy 95%
Bob Kerrey 75%
Dale Kildee 74%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 63%
Gerald Kleczka 89%
Ronald Klink 53%
Joseph Knollenberg 11%
Herb Kohl 58%
James Kolbe 5%
Dennis Kucinich 84%
Jon Kyl 17%
John LaFalce 63%
Ray LaHood 11%
Nicholas Lampson 53%
Tom Lantos 84%
Stephen Largent 16%
Steve LaTourette 26%
Frank Lautenberg 92%
Rick Lazio 32%
James Leach 47%
Jerry Lewis 5%
Ron Lewis 11%
Joe Lieberman 75%
John Linder 11%
William Lipinski 79%
Robert Livingston 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 33%
William Luther 74%
Connie Mack 17%
James Maloney 68%
Don Manzullo 21%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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