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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Public Citizen's Congress Watch

1997-1998 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 63%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 42%
Gary Ackerman 58%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 26%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 83%
Wayne Allard 8%
Thomas Allen 68%
Rob Andrews 89%
Bill Archer 11%
Richard Armey 21%
John Ashcroft 17%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 47%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 74%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 63%
Bob Barr, Jr. 47%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 89%
Bill Barrett 11%
Roscoe Bartlett 37%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 11%
Charlie Bass 53%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 75%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 74%
Bob Bennett 33%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 32%
Douglas Bereuter 16%
Howard Berman 53%
Marion Berry 42%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 58%
Brian Bilbray 47%
Michael Bilirakis 26%
Jeff Bingaman 92%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 53%
Rod Blagojevich 79%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 56%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 26%
Sherwood Boehlert 37%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 5%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 11%
David Edward Bonior 74%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 68%
Leonard Boswell 53%
Rick Boucher 53%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 42%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 0%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 75%
John Breaux 58%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 53%
George Brown, Jr. 53%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 84%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 25%
Richard Bryan 75%
Ed Bryant 16%
Jim Bunning 21%
Conrad Burns 8%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 21%
Dan Burton 26%
Steve Buyer 16%
Robert Byrd 83%
Herbert Callahan 16%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 11%
Ben Campbell 17%
Thomas Campbell 58%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 37%
Chris Cannon 21%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 89%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 58%
Julia Carson 84%
Mike Castle 42%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 47%
John Chafee 50%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 21%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 32%
William Clay, Sr. 63%
Eva Clayton 58%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 67%
Robert Clement 32%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 58%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 47%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 26%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 8%
Michael Collins 32%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 58%
Larry Combest 5%
Gary Condit 74%
Kent Conrad 83%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 84%
Merrill Cook 32%
John Cooksey 16%
Jerry Costello 58%
Paul Coverdell 25%
Christopher Cox 37%
William Coyne 68%
Larry Craig 17%
Robert Cramer 42%
Philip Crane 16%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 26%
Barbara Cubin 5%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 63%
Randall Cunningham 21%
Patsy Ann Danner 58%
Thomas Daschle 67%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 68%
James Davis 47%
Thomas Davis III 5%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 53%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 95%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 79%
Bill Delahunt 89%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 89%
Thomas DeLay 5%
Peter Deutsch 63%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 42%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 32%
Jay Dickey 26%
Norm Dicks 16%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 42%
Julian Dixon 37%
Chris Dodd 67%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 79%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 25%
Calvin Dooley 16%
John Doolittle 21%
Byron Dorgan 83%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 58%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 68%
Jennifer Dunn 11%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
Chet Edwards 26%
Vern Ehlers 26%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 26%
Jo Ann Emerson 26%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 74%
Philip English 26%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 8%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 63%
Bob Etheridge 42%
Lane Evans 79%
Terry Everett 21%
Thomas Ewing 0%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 79%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 47%
Russ Feingold 83%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 83%
Bob Filner 79%
Mark Foley 42%
Michael Patrick Forbes 53%
Harold Ford, Jr. 32%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 10%
Tillie Fowler 37%
Barney Frank 84%
Robert Franks 68%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 32%
William Frist 17%
Jonas Frost III 32%
Elton Gallegly 26%
John Ganske 53%
Sam Gejdenson 79%
George Gekas 16%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 68%
Jim Gibbons 58%
Wayne Gilchrest 26%
Paul Gillmor 32%
Benjamin Gilman 37%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 42%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 11%
William Goodling 42%
Bart Gordon 47%
Slade Gorton 17%
Porter Goss 26%
Daniel Graham 58%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 37%
William Phillip Gramm 33%
Rodney Grams 17%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 5%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 33%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 42%
James Greenwood 32%
Judd Gregg 42%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 68%
Gilbert Gutknecht 37%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 8%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 21%
Tony Hall 47%
James Hansen 16%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 83%
J. Dennis Hastert 16%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 63%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 5%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 17%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 37%
Joel Hefley 53%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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