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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Public Citizen's Congress Watch

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 100%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 91%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 91%
Ronald Dellums 91%
Maurice Hinchey 91%
Patrick Kennedy 91%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 91%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 91%
Major Owens 91%
Ron Paul 91%
Steve Rothman 91%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 91%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 91%
Bob Weygand 91%
Lynn Woolsey 91%
Jeff Bingaman 88%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 88%
Robert Byrd 88%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 88%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 88%
John Glenn 88%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 88%
Robert Torricelli 88%
Rob Andrews 82%
Rod Blagojevich 82%
Julia Carson 82%
Gary Condit 82%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 82%
Bill Delahunt 82%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 82%
John Ensign 82%
Robert Franks 82%
Sam Gejdenson 82%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 82%
Joseph Kennedy II 82%
Gerald Kleczka 82%
Dennis Kucinich 82%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 82%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 82%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 82%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 82%
Martin Meehan 82%
Dave Obey 82%
John Olver 82%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 82%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 82%
Joe Scarborough 82%
Christopher Shays 82%
Bruce Vento 82%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 75%
Max Baucus 75%
Dale Bumpers 75%
Kent Conrad 75%
Byron Dorgan 75%
Russ Feingold 75%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 75%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 75%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 75%
Frank Lautenberg 75%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 75%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 75%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 75%
Paul Sarbanes 75%
Paul Wellstone 75%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 73%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 73%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 73%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 73%
William Coyne 73%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 73%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 73%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 73%
Bob Filner 73%
Barney Frank 73%
Elizabeth Furse 73%
Joel Hefley 73%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 73%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 73%
Scott Klug 73%
Tom Lantos 73%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 73%
William Luther 73%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 73%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 73%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 73%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 73%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 73%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 73%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 73%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 73%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 73%
Mark Souder 73%
Todd Tiahrt 73%
Thomas Allen 64%
Bob Barr, Jr. 64%
Charlie Bass 64%
Robert Borski, Jr. 64%
Leonard Boswell 64%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 64%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 64%
Lane Evans 64%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 64%
John Ganske 64%
Jim Gibbons 64%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 64%
Gilbert Gutknecht 64%
Jane Harman 64%
Darlene Hooley 64%
Stephen Horn 64%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 64%
William Lipinski 64%
James Maloney 64%
Michael McNulty 64%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 64%
John Moakley 64%
Mark Neumann 64%
Donald Payne 64%
James Ramstad 64%
Martin Olav Sabo 64%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 64%
Linda Smith 64%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 64%
Pete Stark 64%
Cliff Stearns 64%
John Sununu 64%
James Talent 64%
Ellen Tauscher 64%
Gene Taylor 64%
Esteban Edward Torres 64%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 64%
Robert Wexler 64%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 62%
Richard Bryan 62%
Thomas Daschle 62%
Daniel Graham 62%
Daniel Inouye 62%
Bob Kerrey 62%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 62%
Joe Lieberman 62%
Carol Moseley Braun 62%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 62%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 55%
James Barcia 55%
David Edward Bonior 55%
Thomas Campbell 55%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 55%
Mike Castle 55%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 55%
Jerry Costello 55%
Christopher Cox 55%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 55%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 55%
Peter Deutsch 55%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 55%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 55%
Tillie Fowler 55%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 55%
William Goodling 55%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 55%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 55%
Pete Hoekstra 55%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 55%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 55%
Sue Kelly 55%
Dale Kildee 55%
John LaFalce 55%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 55%
Frank Mascara 55%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 55%
Paul McHale 55%
Scott McInnis 55%
David McIntosh 55%
NC U.S. House 7 Mike McIntyre Democratic 55%
Dan Miller 55%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 55%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 55%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 55%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 55%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 55%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 55%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 55%
Nick Smith 55%
Louis Stokes 55%
Ted Strickland 55%
Bart Stupak 55%
Zach Wamp 55%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 55%
John Breaux 50%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 50%
Chris Dodd 50%
Wendell Ford 50%
Herb Kohl 50%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 50%
Patrick Moynihan 50%
Charles Robb 50%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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