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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Public Citizen's Congress Watch

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 12%
Gary Ackerman 45%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 75%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 64%
Rob Andrews 82%
Bill Archer 18%
Richard Armey 45%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 36%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 55%
Bob Barr, Jr. 64%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 45%
Charlie Bass 64%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 75%
Bob Bennett 25%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 27%
Douglas Bereuter 9%
Howard Berman 45%
Marion Berry 18%
Brian Bilbray 36%
Michael Bilirakis 27%
Jeff Bingaman 88%
Rod Blagojevich 82%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 9%
Sherwood Boehlert 27%
Kit Bond 12%
Henry Bonilla 9%
David Edward Bonior 55%
Robert Borski, Jr. 64%
Leonard Boswell 64%
Rick Boucher 27%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 18%
John Breaux 50%
George Brown, Jr. 45%
Richard Bryan 62%
Ed Bryant 27%
Dale Bumpers 75%
Jim Bunning 27%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 36%
Steve Buyer 18%
Robert Byrd 88%
Herbert Callahan 18%
Ben Campbell 12%
Thomas Campbell 55%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 45%
Chris Cannon 36%
Julia Carson 82%
Mike Castle 55%
John Chafee 38%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 36%
Jon Lynn Christensen 27%
William Clay, Sr. 45%
Eva Clayton 36%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 50%
Robert Clement 9%
Michael Collins 45%
Larry Combest 9%
Gary Condit 82%
Kent Conrad 75%
Merrill Cook 45%
John Cooksey 27%
Jerry Costello 55%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 55%
William Coyne 73%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 18%
Philip Crane 27%
Barbara Cubin 18%
Randall Cunningham 36%
Alfonse D'Amato 25%
Patsy Ann Danner 36%
Thomas Daschle 62%
James Davis 36%
Thomas Davis III 9%
Bill Delahunt 82%
Thomas DeLay 9%
Ronald Dellums 91%
Peter Deutsch 55%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 36%
Jay Dickey 36%
Norm Dicks 0%
Julian Dixon 27%
Chris Dodd 50%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 0%
John Doolittle 27%
Byron Dorgan 75%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 18%
Chet Edwards 18%
Vern Ehlers 45%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 55%
Jo Ann Emerson 18%
Philip English 27%
John Ensign 82%
Bob Etheridge 27%
Lane Evans 64%
Terry Everett 18%
Thomas Ewing 9%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 45%
Victor Fazio 18%
Russ Feingold 75%
Bob Filner 73%
Mark Foley 45%
Michael Patrick Forbes 36%
Harold Ford, Jr. 36%
Wendell Ford 50%
Tillie Fowler 55%
Jon David Fox 45%
Barney Frank 73%
Robert Franks 82%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 18%
Elizabeth Furse 73%
Elton Gallegly 27%
John Ganske 64%
Sam Gejdenson 82%
George Gekas 9%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 55%
Jim Gibbons 64%
Wayne Gilchrest 18%
Paul Gillmor 45%
Benjamin Gilman 27%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 88%
Henry Gonzalez 9%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 36%
William Goodling 55%
Bart Gordon 36%
Slade Gorton 12%
Porter Goss 45%
Daniel Graham 62%
William Phillip Gramm 12%
Rodney Grams 0%
James Greenwood 27%
Judd Gregg 25%
Gilbert Gutknecht 64%
Tony Hall 45%
Lee Hamilton 9%
James Hansen 27%
Jane Harman 64%
J. Dennis Hastert 18%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 55%
Joel Hefley 73%
W.G. Hefner 36%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 18%
Rick Hill 18%
Van Hilleary 45%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 36%
Maurice Hinchey 91%
David Lee Hobson 45%
Pete Hoekstra 55%
Thomas Holden 36%
Ernest Hollings 38%
Darlene Hooley 64%
Stephen Horn 64%
John Nathan Hostettler 36%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 0%
Kenny Hulshof 36%
Duncan Hunter 45%
Asa Hutchinson 45%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 12%
Kay Hutchison 38%
Henry Hyde 18%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 55%
Daniel Inouye 62%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 36%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 73%
William Jefferson 18%
James Merrill Jeffords 25%
William Lewis Jenkins 18%
Christopher John 18%
Jay Johnson 36%
Nancy Johnson 18%
Paul Kanjorski 45%
Sue Kelly 55%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 75%
Joseph Kennedy II 82%
Patrick Kennedy 91%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 36%
Bob Kerrey 62%
Dale Kildee 55%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 45%
Jay Kim 9%
Gerald Kleczka 82%
Ronald Klink 45%
Scott Klug 73%
Joseph Knollenberg 9%
Herb Kohl 50%
James Kolbe 9%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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