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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Public Citizen's Congress Watch

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 45%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 12%
Gary Ackerman 45%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 27%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 75%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 64%
Rob Andrews 82%
Bill Archer 18%
Richard Armey 45%
John Ashcroft 0%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 45%
Henry Scott Baesler 36%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 55%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 55%
Bob Barr, Jr. 64%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 91%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 45%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 27%
Charlie Bass 64%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 75%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 73%
Bob Bennett 25%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 27%
Douglas Bereuter 9%
Howard Berman 45%
Marion Berry 18%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 62%
Brian Bilbray 36%
Michael Bilirakis 27%
Jeff Bingaman 88%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 36%
Rod Blagojevich 82%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 9%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 45%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 45%
Sherwood Boehlert 27%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 18%
Kit Bond 12%
Henry Bonilla 9%
David Edward Bonior 55%
Robert Borski, Jr. 64%
Leonard Boswell 64%
Rick Boucher 27%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 88%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 18%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 9%
John Breaux 50%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 36%
George Brown, Jr. 45%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 73%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 12%
Richard Bryan 62%
Ed Bryant 27%
Dale Bumpers 75%
Jim Bunning 27%
Conrad Burns 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 36%
Dan Burton 36%
Steve Buyer 18%
Robert Byrd 88%
Herbert Callahan 18%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 9%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 18%
Ben Campbell 12%
Thomas Campbell 55%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 45%
Chris Cannon 36%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 55%
Julia Carson 82%
Mike Castle 55%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 73%
John Chafee 38%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 36%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 36%
Jon Lynn Christensen 27%
William Clay, Sr. 45%
Eva Clayton 36%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 50%
Robert Clement 9%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 36%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 25%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 55%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 27%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 0%
Michael Collins 45%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 38%
Larry Combest 9%
Gary Condit 82%
Kent Conrad 75%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 73%
Merrill Cook 45%
John Cooksey 27%
Jerry Costello 55%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 55%
William Coyne 73%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 18%
Philip Crane 27%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 36%
Barbara Cubin 18%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 55%
Randall Cunningham 36%
Alfonse D'Amato 25%
Patsy Ann Danner 36%
Thomas Daschle 62%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 55%
James Davis 36%
Thomas Davis III 9%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 64%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 91%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 82%
Bill Delahunt 82%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 82%
Thomas DeLay 9%
Ronald Dellums 91%
Peter Deutsch 55%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 25%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 36%
Jay Dickey 36%
Norm Dicks 0%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 18%
Julian Dixon 27%
Chris Dodd 50%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 73%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 0%
John Doolittle 27%
Byron Dorgan 75%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 55%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 73%
Jennifer Dunn 18%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 88%
Chet Edwards 18%
Vern Ehlers 45%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 55%
Jo Ann Emerson 18%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 64%
Philip English 27%
John Ensign 82%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 73%
Bob Etheridge 27%
Lane Evans 64%
Terry Everett 18%
Thomas Ewing 9%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 64%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 36%
Harris Fawell 45%
Victor Fazio 18%
Russ Feingold 75%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 88%
Bob Filner 73%
Mark Foley 45%
Michael Patrick Forbes 36%
Harold Ford, Jr. 36%
Wendell Ford 50%
Tillie Fowler 55%
Jon David Fox 45%
Barney Frank 73%
Robert Franks 82%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 36%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 18%
Elizabeth Furse 73%
Elton Gallegly 27%
John Ganske 64%
Sam Gejdenson 82%
George Gekas 9%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 55%
Jim Gibbons 64%
Wayne Gilchrest 18%
Paul Gillmor 45%
Benjamin Gilman 27%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 88%
Henry Gonzalez 9%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 36%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 27%
William Goodling 55%
Bart Gordon 36%
Slade Gorton 12%
Porter Goss 45%
Daniel Graham 62%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 36%
William Phillip Gramm 12%
Rodney Grams 0%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 9%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 12%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 18%
James Greenwood 27%
Judd Gregg 25%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 64%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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