Rating Group: Americans for Immigration Control

1996 Positions

Issues: Immigration
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 88%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 85%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 88%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 15%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 88%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 12%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 45%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 30%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 24%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 24%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 24%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 12%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 24%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 88%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 24%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 12%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 12%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 88%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 24%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 12%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 48%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 12%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 12%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 76%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 76%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 76%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 12%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 12%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 88%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 12%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 15%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 76%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 64%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 12%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 12%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 15%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 36%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 64%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 24%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 15%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 76%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 24%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 24%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 15%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 36%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 24%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 24%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 30%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 36%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 48%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 24%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 12%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 12%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 48%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 30%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 88%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 12%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 30%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 15%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 88%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 76%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 88%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 12%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 48%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 48%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 24%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 88%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 36%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 24%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 12%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 24%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 24%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 12%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 12%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 24%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 12%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 24%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 48%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 48%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 88%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 36%
OH Governor John Kasich R 88%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 24%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 15%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 64%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 64%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 64%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 12%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 48%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 24%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 88%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 24%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 24%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 36%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 76%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 88%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 88%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 76%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 24%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 12%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 24%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 36%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 15%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 12%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 48%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 76%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 12%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 88%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 12%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 88%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 88%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 12%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 30%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 24%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 24%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 15%
Wayne Allard 36%
Rob Andrews 36%
Bill Archer 88%
Richard Armey 24%
John Ashcroft 15%
Henry Scott Baesler 24%
Richard Hugh Baker 88%
Cass Ballenger 64%
James Barcia 24%
Bob Barr, Jr. 88%
Bill Barrett 76%
Roscoe Bartlett 76%
Charlie Bass 88%
Herbert Bateman 100%
Max Baucus 70%
Bob Bennett 15%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 24%
Douglas Bereuter 100%
Howard Berman 24%
Brian Bilbray 100%
Michael Bilirakis 88%
Jeff Bingaman 30%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 88%
Sherwood Boehlert 36%
Kit Bond 30%
Henry Bonilla 24%
David Edward Bonior 12%
Sonny Bono 88%
Robert Borski, Jr. 12%
Rick Boucher 12%
John Breaux 30%
George Brown, Jr. 24%
Richard Bryan 100%
Ed Bryant 88%
Dale Bumpers 0%
Jim Bunning 76%
Conrad Burns 70%
Dan Burton 88%
Steve Buyer 88%
Robert Byrd 100%
Herbert Callahan 76%
Ben Campbell 30%
Thomas Campbell 12%
Mike Castle 100%
John Chafee 30%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 64%
Jon Lynn Christensen 36%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 24%
Robert Clement 100%
Michael Collins 76%
Larry Combest 76%
Gary Condit 36%
Kent Conrad 15%
Jerry Costello 36%
Paul Coverdell 15%
Christopher Cox 76%
William Coyne 24%
Larry Craig 15%
Robert Cramer 36%
Philip Crane 36%
Barbara Cubin 76%
Randall Cunningham 88%
Alfonse D'Amato 30%
Patsy Ann Danner 48%
Thomas Daschle 15%
Thomas Davis III 24%
Thomas DeLay 76%
Ronald Dellums 12%
Peter Deutsch 36%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 12%
Jay Dickey 76%
Norm Dicks 36%
Julian Dixon 24%
Chris Dodd 15%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 15%
Calvin Dooley 0%
John Doolittle 64%
Byron Dorgan 15%
David Dreier 88%
Jennifer Dunn 24%
Chet Edwards 24%
Vern Ehlers 64%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 100%
Philip English 24%
John Ensign 36%
Lane Evans 12%
Terry Everett 76%
Thomas Ewing 88%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 85%
Harris Fawell 88%
Victor Fazio 0%
Russ Feingold 0%
Bob Filner 12%
Floyd Flake 12%
Thomas Foglietta 12%
Mark Foley 100%
Michael Patrick Forbes 24%
Wendell Ford 0%
Tillie Fowler 100%
Jon David Fox 36%
Barney Frank 24%
Robert Franks 60%
William Frist 15%
Jonas Frost III 24%
Elizabeth Furse 12%
Elton Gallegly 88%
John Ganske 88%
Sam Gejdenson 24%
George Gekas 76%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 24%
Wayne Gilchrest 88%
Paul Gillmor 88%
Benjamin Gilman 12%
John Glenn 45%
Henry Gonzalez 12%
William Goodling 36%
Bart Gordon 36%
Slade Gorton 30%
Porter Goss 88%
Daniel Graham 0%
William Phillip Gramm 15%
Rodney Grams 15%
James Greenwood 76%
Judd Gregg 45%
Gilbert Gutknecht 88%
Tony Hall 36%
Lee Hamilton 24%
James Hansen 36%
Jane Harman 36%
J. Dennis Hastert 76%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 36%
Joel Hefley 88%
W.G. Hefner 24%
Jesse Helms 30%
Wally Herger, Jr. 64%
Van Hilleary 76%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 12%
Maurice Hinchey 52%
David Lee Hobson 76%
Pete Hoekstra 48%
Thomas Holden 48%
Ernest Hollings 85%
Stephen Horn 88%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 24%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 76%
Kay Hutchison 15%
Henry Hyde 88%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 64%
Daniel Inouye 15%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 12%
William Jefferson 12%
James Merrill Jeffords 70%
Nancy Johnson 12%
Paul Kanjorski 36%
Sue Kelly 36%
Dirk Kempthorne 15%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 15%
Joseph Kennedy II 12%
Patrick Kennedy 12%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 12%
Bob Kerrey 30%
Dale Kildee 24%
Jay Kim 48%
Gerald Kleczka 24%
Ronald Klink 48%
Scott Klug 36%
Joseph Knollenberg 36%
Herb Kohl 15%
James Kolbe 76%
Jon Kyl 85%
John LaFalce 12%
Ray LaHood 36%
Tom Lantos 24%
Stephen Largent 100%
Steve LaTourette 48%
Frank Lautenberg 30%
Rick Lazio 12%
James Leach 64%
Jerry Lewis 24%
Ron Lewis 76%
Joe Lieberman 15%
John Linder 36%
William Lipinski 76%
Robert Livingston 36%
Trent Lott, Sr. 55%
Dick Lugar 15%
William Luther 24%
Connie Mack 0%
Thomas Manton 24%
Don Manzullo 36%
Matthew Martinez 24%
Frank Mascara 48%
Robert Matsui 24%
Karen McCarthy 12%
Bill McCollum 88%
James McCrery III 76%
Joseph McDade 64%
Paul McHale 36%
John McHugh 36%
Scott McInnis 36%
David McIntosh 36%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 24%
Michael McNulty 24%
Martin Meehan 12%
Carrie Meek 12%
Jack Metcalf 76%
Dan Miller 24%
David Minge 76%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 24%
Susan Molinari 76%
Alan Mollohan 24%
Constance Morella 0%
Carol Moseley Braun 0%
Patrick Moynihan 15%
Frank Murkowski 45%
Jack Murtha 48%
Sue Myrick 48%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 76%
Mark Neumann 76%
Robert William Ney 88%
Don Nickles 15%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 88%
James Nussle 64%
Jim Oberstar 12%
Dave Obey 76%
John Olver 12%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 12%
Major Owens 12%
Michael Oxley 76%
Ronald Packard 88%
Mike Parker 76%
William Paxon 36%
Donald Payne 12%
Owen Pickett 64%
Richard Pombo 64%
Earl Pomeroy 64%
Glenn Poshard 36%
Deborah Pryce 36%
Jack Quinn 12%
James Ramstad 88%
Ralph Regula 48%
Frank Riggs 88%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 12%
Charles Robb 15%
Timothy Roemer 36%
William Roth, Jr. 85%
Marge Roukema 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 24%
Rick Santorum 15%
Paul Sarbanes 15%
Jim Saxton 88%
Joe Scarborough 88%
Daniel Schaefer 76%
Steven Schiff 24%
John Shadegg 76%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 88%
Christopher Shays 100%
E.G. Shuster 76%
Norman Sisisky 76%
David Skaggs 52%
Joseph Skeen 76%
Ike Skelton 24%
Linda Smith 64%
Nick Smith 24%
Bob Smith 15%
Olympia Snowe 0%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 76%
Mark Souder 24%
Arlen Specter 30%
Floyd Spence 76%
John Spratt, Jr. 24%
Cliff Stearns 76%
Charles Stenholm 88%
Ted Stevens 45%
Bob Stump 76%
Bart Stupak 36%
James Talent 76%
John Tanner 76%
William Tauzin 88%
Charles Taylor 76%
Gene Taylor 100%
Craig Thomas 85%
William Thomas 24%
Fred Thompson 30%
Karen Thurman 24%
Strom Thurmond 30%
Todd Tiahrt 36%
Esteban Edward Torres 12%
Robert Torricelli 60%
Ed Towns 12%
James Traficant, Jr. 100%
Bruce Vento 36%
James Walsh 36%
Zach Wamp 88%
John Warner 15%
Mel Watt 12%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 76%
David Weldon 36%
W. Curtis Weldon 60%
Gerald Weller 76%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Rick White 12%
Bob Wise, Jr. 12%
Lynn Woolsey 12%
Albert Wynn 12%
Sidney Yates 12%
Bill Young 24%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.