Rating Group: Americans for Immigration Control

1997 Positions

Issues: Immigration
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 33%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 100%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 66%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matthew Salmon R 66%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 0%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 33%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 66%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 33%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 66%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 33%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 66%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 33%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 50%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 33%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 100%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 33%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 66%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 33%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 66%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 66%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 33%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 66%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 33%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 33%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 33%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 33%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 33%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 66%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 66%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 33%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 100%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 33%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 66%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 33%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 33%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 33%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 66%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 33%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 33%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 33%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 33%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 33%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 33%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 33%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 66%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 33%
OH Governor John Kasich R 66%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 66%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 33%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 33%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 66%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 100%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 33%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 66%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 66%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 33%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 33%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 66%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 0%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 66%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 0%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 66%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 66%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 33%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 33%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 100%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 100%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 33%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 33%
Bill Archer 66%
Richard Armey 66%
Richard Hugh Baker 66%
Cass Ballenger 20%
James Barcia 33%
Robert Barr, Jr. 100%
Bill Barrett 50%
Roscoe Bartlett 66%
Charlie Bass 100%
Herbert Bateman 66%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 0%
Douglas Bereuter 100%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 0%
Brian Bilbray 66%
Michael Bilirakis 66%
Rod Blagojevich 0%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 33%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 0%
Mary Bono Mack 66%
Robert Borski, Jr. 0%
Leonard Boswell 33%
Rick Boucher 33%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 66%
Ed Bryant 100%
Dan Burton 100%
Steve Buyer 33%
Herbert Callahan 50%
Thomas Campbell 66%
Chris Cannon 66%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 33%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 0%
Robert Clement 33%
Michael Collins 100%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 50%
Merrill Cook 33%
John Cooksey 33%
Jerry Costello 33%
Christopher Cox 66%
William Coyne 0%
Robert Cramer 33%
Philip Crane 33%
Barbara Cubin 50%
Randall Cunningham 66%
Patsy Ann Danner 33%
James Davis 0%
Thomas Davis III 33%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 100%
Peter Deutsch 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 33%
Jay Dickey 100%
Norm Dicks 33%
Julian Dixon 0%
Calvin Dooley 0%
John Doolittle 50%
David Dreier 66%
Jennifer Dunn 66%
Chet Edwards 0%
Vern Ehlers 0%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 33%
Jo Ann Emerson 100%
Philip English 33%
Bob Etheridge 33%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 100%
Thomas Ewing 50%
Bob Filner 0%
Mark Foley 66%
Michael Patrick Forbes 33%
Harold Ford, Jr. 0%
Tillie Fowler 66%
Barney Frank 0%
Robert Franks 66%
Jonas Frost III 33%
Elton Gallegly 66%
John Ganske 100%
Sam Gejdenson 0%
George Gekas 33%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 0%
Jim Gibbons 66%
Wayne Gilchrest 33%
Paul Gillmor 33%
Benjamin Gilman 33%
Charlie Gonzalez 0%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 100%
William Goodling 66%
Bart Gordon 33%
Porter Goss 50%
James Greenwood 66%
Gilbert Gutknecht 100%
Tony Hall 33%
James Hansen 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 66%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 33%
Joel Hefley 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Rick Hill 66%
Van Hilleary 100%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 0%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 66%
Pete Hoekstra 33%
Thomas Holden 33%
Darlene Hooley 0%
Stephen Horn 66%
John Nathan Hostettler 100%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 0%
Kenny Hulshof 100%
Duncan Hunter 66%
Asa Hutchinson 100%
Henry Hyde 33%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 33%
William Lewis Jenkins 33%
Christopher John 33%
Nancy Johnson 33%
Paul Kanjorski 0%
Sue Kelly 33%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 0%
Ronald Klink 33%
Joseph Knollenberg 33%
James Kolbe 0%
Dennis Kucinich 33%
John LaFalce 33%
Ray LaHood 33%
Nicholas Lampson 0%
Tom Lantos 33%
Stephen Largent 100%
Steve LaTourette 33%
Rick Lazio 33%
James Leach 33%
Jerry Lewis 66%
Ron Lewis 66%
John Linder 33%
William Lipinski 0%
William Luther 33%
James Maloney 33%
Don Manzullo 66%
Matthew Martinez 0%
Frank Mascara 33%
Robert Matsui 0%
Karen McCarthy 33%
Bill McCollum 66%
James McCrery III 33%
John McHugh 33%
Scott McInnis 33%
David McIntosh 33%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 0%
Michael McNulty 33%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 0%
Jack Metcalf 33%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Dan Miller 100%
David Minge 33%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 0%
John Moakley 33%
Alan Mollohan 0%
Constance Morella 33%
Jack Murtha 0%
Sue Myrick 33%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 33%
Robert William Ney 66%
Anne Northup 66%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
James Nussle 66%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 33%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 0%
Major Owens 33%
Michael Oxley 33%
Ronald Packard 100%
Ron Paul 33%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 66%
John Peterson 66%
David Phelps 33%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Owen Pickett 33%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 0%
John Edward Porter 66%
Deborah Pryce 66%
Jack Quinn 33%
George Radanovich 66%
James Ramstad 33%
Ralph Regula 33%
Silvestre Reyes 0%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 33%
Ciro Rodriguez 0%
Timothy Roemer 66%
James Rogan 66%
Steve Rothman 0%
Marge Roukema 66%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 33%
Jim Saxton 33%
Joe Scarborough 100%
Robert Schaffer 100%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 66%
Christopher Shays 33%
E.G. Shuster 100%
Norman Sisisky 33%
Joseph Skeen 66%
Ike Skelton 33%
Nick Smith 66%
Vic Snyder 0%
Mark Souder 33%
Floyd Spence 66%
John Spratt, Jr. 0%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 66%
Charles Stenholm 33%
Ted Strickland 33%
Bob Stump 66%
Bart Stupak 0%
John Sununu 100%
James Talent 33%
John Tanner 33%
Ellen Tauscher 33%
William Tauzin 33%
Charles Taylor 50%
Gene Taylor 100%
William Thomas 33%
Karen Thurman 33%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 66%
James Turner 33%
Bruce Vento 0%
James Walsh 33%
Zach Wamp 66%
Wesley Watkins 100%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 33%
David Weldon 20%
W. Curtis Weldon 66%
Gerald Weller 33%
Robert Wexler 0%
Bob Weygand 0%
Bob Wise, Jr. 0%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
Albert Wynn 0%
Bill Young 66%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.