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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Civil Liberties Union

1997-1998 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 81%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 17%
Gary Ackerman 88%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 6%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 80%
Wayne Allard 17%
Thomas Allen 81%
Rob Andrews 75%
Bill Archer 7%
Richard Armey 6%
John Ashcroft 17%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 20%
Richard Hugh Baker 6%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 81%
Cass Ballenger 6%
James Barcia 31%
Bob Barr, Jr. 7%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 81%
Bill Barrett 6%
Roscoe Bartlett 6%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 6%
Charlie Bass 25%
Herbert Bateman 15%
Max Baucus 80%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 88%
Bob Bennett 40%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 75%
Douglas Bereuter 6%
Howard Berman 88%
Marion Berry 38%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 67%
Brian Bilbray 20%
Michael Bilirakis 6%
Jeff Bingaman 83%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 44%
Rod Blagojevich 69%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 13%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 94%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 6%
Sherwood Boehlert 69%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 7%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 25%
David Edward Bonior 81%
Mary Bono Mack 25%
Robert Borski, Jr. 63%
Leonard Boswell 56%
Rick Boucher 75%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 83%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 44%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 6%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 89%
John Breaux 50%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 87%
George Brown, Jr. 87%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 75%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 17%
Richard Bryan 83%
Ed Bryant 6%
Dale Bumpers 83%
Jim Bunning 7%
Conrad Burns 33%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 13%
Dan Burton 7%
Steve Buyer 14%
Robert Byrd 33%
Herbert Callahan 7%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 13%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 13%
Ben Campbell 33%
Thomas Campbell 56%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 6%
Chris Cannon 13%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 83%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 81%
Julia Carson 86%
Mike Castle 44%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 13%
John Chafee 83%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 6%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 6%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 93%
Eva Clayton 87%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 83%
Robert Clement 33%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 81%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 20%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 6%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 6%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 33%
Michael Collins 6%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 67%
Larry Combest 6%
Gary Condit 47%
Kent Conrad 50%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
Merrill Cook 6%
John Cooksey 14%
Jerry Costello 33%
Paul Coverdell 17%
Christopher Cox 13%
William Coyne 88%
Larry Craig 17%
Robert Cramer 29%
Philip Crane 7%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 13%
Barbara Cubin 13%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 88%
Randall Cunningham 8%
Alfonse D'Amato 67%
Patsy Ann Danner 38%
Thomas Daschle 67%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 81%
James Davis 56%
Thomas Davis III 69%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 0%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 88%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 94%
Bill Delahunt 88%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 81%
Thomas DeLay 6%
Peter Deutsch 69%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 17%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 27%
Jay Dickey 13%
Norm Dicks 87%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 80%
Julian Dixon 93%
Chris Dodd 83%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 88%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Calvin Dooley 75%
John Doolittle 6%
Byron Dorgan 67%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 53%
David Dreier 13%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 0%
Jennifer Dunn 13%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 83%
Chet Edwards 75%
Vern Ehlers 31%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 25%
Jo Ann Emerson 6%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 81%
Philip English 33%
John Ensign 31%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 17%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 80%
Bob Etheridge 44%
Lane Evans 94%
Terry Everett 7%
Thomas Ewing 7%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 17%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 80%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 93%
Harris Fawell 33%
Victor Fazio 88%
Russ Feingold 83%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 83%
Bob Filner 86%
Mark Foley 31%
Michael Patrick Forbes 33%
Harold Ford, Jr. 64%
Wendell Ford 67%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 8%
Tillie Fowler 25%
Jon David Fox 31%
Barney Frank 94%
Robert Franks 31%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 38%
William Frist 17%
Jonas Frost III 75%
Elizabeth Furse 93%
Elton Gallegly 13%
John Ganske 20%
Sam Gejdenson 81%
George Gekas 13%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 75%
Jim Gibbons 19%
Wayne Gilchrest 44%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Benjamin Gilman 56%
Newt Gingrich 20%
John Glenn 75%
Henry Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 13%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 6%
William Goodling 7%
Bart Gordon 38%
Slade Gorton 17%
Porter Goss 19%
Daniel Graham 83%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
William Phillip Gramm 17%
Rodney Grams 17%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 19%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 17%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 60%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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