Rating Group: American Civil Liberties Union

1997-1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
Henry Gonzalez 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 94%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 94%
Lane Evans 94%
Barney Frank 94%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 94%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 94%
Martin Meehan 94%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 94%
John Olver 94%
Major Owens 94%
Donald Payne 94%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 94%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 94%
Martin Olav Sabo 94%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 94%
Louis Stokes 94%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 94%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 94%
Mel Watt 94%
William Clay, Sr. 93%
Julian Dixon 93%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 93%
Elizabeth Furse 93%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 93%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 93%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 93%
Carrie Meek 93%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 93%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 93%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 93%
David Skaggs 93%
Pete Stark 93%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 93%
Lynn Woolsey 93%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 92%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 92%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 89%
Gary Ackerman 88%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 88%
Howard Berman 88%
William Coyne 88%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 88%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 88%
Bill Delahunt 88%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 88%
Victor Fazio 88%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 88%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 88%
Patrick Kennedy 88%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 88%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 88%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 88%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 88%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 88%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 88%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 88%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 87%
George Brown, Jr. 87%
Eva Clayton 87%
Norm Dicks 87%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 87%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 87%
Maurice Hinchey 87%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 87%
Matthew Martinez 87%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 87%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 87%
Jim Oberstar 87%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 87%
Julia Carson 86%
Bob Filner 86%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 86%
Ed Towns 86%
Jeff Bingaman 83%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 83%
Richard Bryan 83%
Dale Bumpers 83%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 83%
John Chafee 83%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 83%
Chris Dodd 83%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 83%
Russ Feingold 83%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 83%
Daniel Graham 83%
Daniel Inouye 83%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 83%
Bob Kerrey 83%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 83%
Herb Kohl 83%
Frank Lautenberg 83%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 83%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 83%
Carol Moseley Braun 83%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 83%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 83%
Charles Robb 83%
Paul Sarbanes 83%
Robert Torricelli 83%
Paul Wellstone 83%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 83%
Sidney Yates 82%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 81%
Thomas Allen 81%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 81%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 81%
David Edward Bonior 81%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 81%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 81%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 81%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 81%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 81%
Sam Gejdenson 81%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 81%
Joseph Kennedy II 81%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 81%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 81%
Robert Matsui 81%
Karen McCarthy 81%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 81%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 81%
Constance Morella 81%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 81%
Vic Snyder 81%
Ellen Tauscher 81%
Karen Thurman 81%
Esteban Edward Torres 81%
Bruce Vento 81%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 80%
Max Baucus 80%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 80%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 80%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 80%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 80%
Jane Harman 79%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 79%
Tom Lantos 79%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 79%
Rob Andrews 75%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 75%
Rick Boucher 75%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 75%
Calvin Dooley 75%
Chet Edwards 75%
Jonas Frost III 75%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 75%
John Glenn 75%
Darlene Hooley 75%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 75%
Gerald Kleczka 75%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 75%
Dave Obey 75%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 75%
Steve Rothman 75%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 75%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 75%
Robert Wexler 75%
Bob Weygand 75%
Albert Wynn 75%
Ciro Rodriguez 73%
Bob Wise, Jr. 73%
Rod Blagojevich 69%
Sherwood Boehlert 69%
Thomas Davis III 69%
Peter Deutsch 69%
William Luther 69%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 69%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 69%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 69%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 69%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 67%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 67%
Alfonse D'Amato 67%
Thomas Daschle 67%
Byron Dorgan 67%
Wendell Ford 67%
W.G. Hefner 67%
William Jefferson 67%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 67%
Joe Lieberman 67%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 67%
Olympia Snowe 67%
Harold Ford, Jr. 64%
Robert Borski, Jr. 63%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 63%
Nancy Johnson 63%
Paul Kanjorski 63%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 63%
Ronald Klink 63%
John LaFalce 63%
Nicholas Lampson 63%
James Maloney 63%
Paul McHale 63%
Christopher Shays 63%
Bart Stupak 63%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 60%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 60%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 60%
Ted Strickland 60%
Michael McNulty 58%
Leonard Boswell 56%
Thomas Campbell 56%
James Davis 56%
Benjamin Gilman 56%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 56%
Dennis Kucinich 56%
James Leach 56%
David Minge 56%
Jack Murtha 56%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 56%
Norman Sisisky 56%
John Moakley 55%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 53%
James Greenwood 53%
Alan Mollohan 53%
Earl Pomeroy 53%
Glenn Poshard 53%
John Breaux 50%
Kent Conrad 50%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Stephen Horn 50%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
Dirk Kempthorne 50%
Dale Kildee 50%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 50%
Thomas Manton 50%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 50%
Owen Pickett 50%
Ted Stevens 50%
Heather Wilson 50%
Gary Condit 47%
Jay Johnson 47%
Silvestre Reyes 47%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 44%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 44%
Mike Castle 44%
Bob Etheridge 44%
Wayne Gilchrest 44%
James Kolbe 44%
Frank Mascara 44%
John Spratt, Jr. 44%
Bob Bennett 40%
Dan Miller 40%
Ron Paul 40%
William Roth, Jr. 40%
Arlen Specter 40%
Marion Berry 38%
Patsy Ann Danner 38%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 38%
Bart Gordon 38%
Lee Hamilton 38%
Sue Kelly 38%
John Edward Porter 38%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 38%
Kit Bond 33%
Conrad Burns 33%
Robert Byrd 33%
Ben Campbell 33%
Robert Clement 33%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 33%
Jerry Costello 33%
Philip English 33%
Harris Fawell 33%
Michael Patrick Forbes 33%
Judd Gregg 33%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 33%
Ernest Hollings 33%
Dick Lugar 33%
Connie Mack 33%
Patrick Moynihan 33%
Frank Murkowski 33%
Gordon Smith 33%
Craig Thomas 33%
Strom Thurmond 33%
John Warner 33%
James Barcia 31%
Vern Ehlers 31%
John Ensign 31%
Mark Foley 31%
Jon David Fox 31%
Robert Franks 31%
Tony Hall 31%
David Lee Hobson 31%
Thomas Holden 31%
Jerry Lewis 31%
Deborah Pryce 31%
Timothy Roemer 31%
John Tanner 31%
James Traficant, Jr. 31%
Rick White 31%
Robert Cramer 29%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 29%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 27%
Christopher John 27%
Steve LaTourette 27%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 27%
Charlie Bass 25%
Henry Bonilla 25%
Mary Bono Mack 25%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 25%
Tillie Fowler 25%
Jesse Helms 25%
Scott Klug 25%
Rick Lazio 25%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 25%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 25%
Jim Saxton 25%
Ike Skelton 25%
William Thomas 25%
James McCrery III 21%
Henry Scott Baesler 20%
Brian Bilbray 20%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 20%
John Ganske 20%
Newt Gingrich 20%
Kay Hutchison 20%
Michael Oxley 20%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 20%
John Shadegg 20%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 20%
Jim Gibbons 19%
Porter Goss 19%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 19%
John Nathan Hostettler 19%
Asa Hutchinson 19%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 19%
Marge Roukema 19%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 19%
Robert Schaffer 19%
Charles Stenholm 19%
James Turner 19%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 19%
Joseph McDade 18%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 17%
Wayne Allard 17%
John Ashcroft 17%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 17%
Paul Coverdell 17%
Larry Craig 17%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 17%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 17%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 17%
William Frist 17%
Slade Gorton 17%
William Phillip Gramm 17%
Rodney Grams 17%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 17%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 17%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 17%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 17%
Jon Kyl 17%
Trent Lott, Sr. 17%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 17%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 17%
Don Nickles 17%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 17%
Rick Santorum 17%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 17%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 17%
Bob Smith 17%
Herbert Bateman 15%
Steve Buyer 14%
John Cooksey 14%
Nick Smith 14%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 13%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 13%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 13%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 13%
Chris Cannon 13%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 13%
Christopher Cox 13%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 13%
Barbara Cubin 13%
Jay Dickey 13%
David Dreier 13%
Jennifer Dunn 13%
Elton Gallegly 13%
George Gekas 13%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 13%
Pete Hoekstra 13%
Jay Kim 13%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 13%
Joseph Knollenberg 13%
Ray LaHood 13%
Stephen Largent 13%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 13%
Bill McCollum 13%
John McHugh 13%
Sue Myrick 13%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 13%
Robert William Ney 13%
Anne Northup 13%
James Nussle 13%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 13%
James Ramstad 13%
Bill Redmond 13%
Ralph Regula 13%
Frank Riggs 13%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 13%
Joseph Skeen 13%
Vincent Snowbarger 13%
Mark Souder 13%
Bob Stump 13%
James Walsh 13%
Wesley Watkins 13%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 13%
David Weldon 13%
Gerald Weller 13%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 13%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 13%
Randall Cunningham 8%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 8%
Robert Smith 8%
Bill Young 8%
Bill Archer 7%
Robert Barr, Jr. 7%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 7%
Jim Bunning 7%
Dan Burton 7%
Herbert Callahan 7%
Philip Crane 7%
Terry Everett 7%
Thomas Ewing 7%
William Goodling 7%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 7%
James Hansen 7%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 7%
Rick Hill 7%
David McIntosh 7%
Mark Neumann 7%
Ronald Packard 7%
William Paxon 7%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 7%
George Radanovich 7%
Daniel Schaefer 7%
E.G. Shuster 7%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 7%
William Tauzin 7%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 6%
Richard Armey 6%
Richard Hugh Baker 6%
Cass Ballenger 6%
Bill Barrett 6%
Roscoe Bartlett 6%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 6%
Douglas Bereuter 6%
Michael Bilirakis 6%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 6%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 6%
Ed Bryant 6%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 6%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 6%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 6%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 6%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 6%
Michael Collins 6%
Larry Combest 6%
Merrill Cook 6%
Thomas DeLay 6%
John Doolittle 6%
Jo Ann Emerson 6%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 6%
Gilbert Gutknecht 6%
J. Dennis Hastert 6%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 6%
Joel Hefley 6%
Wally Herger, Jr. 6%
Van Hilleary 6%
Kenny Hulshof 6%
Duncan Hunter 6%
Henry Hyde 6%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 6%
William Lewis Jenkins 6%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 6%
OH Governor John Kasich R 6%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 6%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 6%
Ron Lewis 6%
John Linder 6%
Robert Livingston 6%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 6%
Don Manzullo 6%
Scott McInnis 6%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 6%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 6%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 6%
Michael Pappas 6%
Edward Pease 6%
John Peterson 6%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 6%
Richard Pombo 6%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 6%
Jack Quinn 6%
Bob Riley 6%
James Rogan 6%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 6%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 6%
Jim Ryun 6%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matthew Salmon R 6%
Joe Scarborough 6%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 6%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 6%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 6%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 6%
Linda Smith 6%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 6%
Floyd Spence 6%
Cliff Stearns 6%
John Sununu 6%
James Talent 6%
Charles Taylor 6%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 6%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 6%
Todd Tiahrt 6%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 6%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
Paul Gillmor 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
William Lipinski 0%
Jack Metcalf 0%
Mike Parker 0%
Gene Taylor 0%
Fred Thompson 0%
Zach Wamp 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.