Rating Group: American Civil Liberties Union

1997-1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 20%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 17%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 17%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 6%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 17%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 6%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 88%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 83%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 83%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 93%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 94%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 92%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 80%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 88%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 80%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 83%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 6%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 75%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 88%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 88%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 6%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 86%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 13%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 93%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 69%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 13%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 94%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 81%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 87%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 6%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 93%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 27%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 6%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 6%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 6%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 44%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 93%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 81%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 17%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 6%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 13%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 83%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 87%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 87%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 81%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 6%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 20%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 69%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 17%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 19%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 17%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 17%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 13%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 6%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 50%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 87%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 69%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 81%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 94%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 83%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 81%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 81%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 88%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 67%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 81%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 83%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 69%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 13%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 19%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 88%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 80%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 25%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 6%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 33%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 6%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 79%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 67%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 33%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 83%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 13%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 6%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 75%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 6%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 25%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 81%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 13%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 6%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 81%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 56%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 38%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 67%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 93%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 13%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 75%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 92%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 94%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 87%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 81%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 94%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 93%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 81%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 81%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 88%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 75%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 6%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 13%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 7%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 63%
OH Governor John Kasich R 6%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 88%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 17%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 17%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 6%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 6%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 83%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 94%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 88%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 89%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 93%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 53%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 6%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 83%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 19%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 81%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 67%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 6%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 7%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 6%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 6%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 19%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 6%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 63%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 88%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 7%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 60%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 88%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 6%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 88%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 17%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 6%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 50%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 13%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 60%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 94%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 83%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 7%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 94%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 75%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 75%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 6%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 13%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 81%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 80%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 60%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 17%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 17%
Gary Ackerman 88%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 80%
Wayne Allard 17%
Thomas Allen 81%
Rob Andrews 75%
Bill Archer 7%
Richard Armey 6%
John Ashcroft 17%
Henry Scott Baesler 20%
Richard Hugh Baker 6%
Cass Ballenger 6%
James Barcia 31%
Bob Barr, Jr. 7%
Bill Barrett 6%
Roscoe Bartlett 6%
Charlie Bass 25%
Herbert Bateman 15%
Max Baucus 80%
Bob Bennett 40%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 75%
Douglas Bereuter 6%
Howard Berman 88%
Marion Berry 38%
Brian Bilbray 20%
Michael Bilirakis 6%
Jeff Bingaman 83%
Rod Blagojevich 69%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 13%
Sherwood Boehlert 69%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 25%
David Edward Bonior 81%
Mary Bono Mack 25%
Robert Borski, Jr. 63%
Leonard Boswell 56%
Rick Boucher 75%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 44%
John Breaux 50%
George Brown, Jr. 87%
Richard Bryan 83%
Ed Bryant 6%
Dale Bumpers 83%
Jim Bunning 7%
Conrad Burns 33%
Dan Burton 7%
Steve Buyer 14%
Robert Byrd 33%
Herbert Callahan 7%
Ben Campbell 33%
Thomas Campbell 56%
Chris Cannon 13%
Julia Carson 86%
Mike Castle 44%
John Chafee 83%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 6%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 93%
Eva Clayton 87%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 83%
Robert Clement 33%
Michael Collins 6%
Larry Combest 6%
Gary Condit 47%
Kent Conrad 50%
Merrill Cook 6%
John Cooksey 14%
Jerry Costello 33%
Paul Coverdell 17%
Christopher Cox 13%
William Coyne 88%
Larry Craig 17%
Robert Cramer 29%
Philip Crane 7%
Barbara Cubin 13%
Randall Cunningham 8%
Alfonse D'Amato 67%
Patsy Ann Danner 38%
Thomas Daschle 67%
James Davis 56%
Thomas Davis III 69%
Bill Delahunt 88%
Thomas DeLay 6%
Peter Deutsch 69%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 27%
Jay Dickey 13%
Norm Dicks 87%
Julian Dixon 93%
Chris Dodd 83%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Calvin Dooley 75%
John Doolittle 6%
Byron Dorgan 67%
David Dreier 13%
Jennifer Dunn 13%
Chet Edwards 75%
Vern Ehlers 31%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 25%
Jo Ann Emerson 6%
Philip English 33%
John Ensign 31%
Bob Etheridge 44%
Lane Evans 94%
Terry Everett 7%
Thomas Ewing 7%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 17%
Harris Fawell 33%
Victor Fazio 88%
Russ Feingold 83%
Bob Filner 86%
Mark Foley 31%
Michael Patrick Forbes 33%
Harold Ford, Jr. 64%
Wendell Ford 67%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 8%
Tillie Fowler 25%
Jon David Fox 31%
Barney Frank 94%
Robert Franks 31%
William Frist 17%
Jonas Frost III 75%
Elizabeth Furse 93%
Elton Gallegly 13%
John Ganske 20%
Sam Gejdenson 81%
George Gekas 13%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 75%
Jim Gibbons 19%
Wayne Gilchrest 44%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Benjamin Gilman 56%
Newt Gingrich 20%
John Glenn 75%
Henry Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 13%
William Goodling 7%
Bart Gordon 38%
Slade Gorton 17%
Porter Goss 19%
Daniel Graham 83%
William Phillip Gramm 17%
Rodney Grams 17%
James Greenwood 53%
Judd Gregg 33%
Gilbert Gutknecht 6%
Tony Hall 31%
Lee Hamilton 38%
James Hansen 7%
Jane Harman 79%
J. Dennis Hastert 6%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 6%
Joel Hefley 6%
W.G. Hefner 67%
Jesse Helms 25%
Wally Herger, Jr. 6%
Rick Hill 7%
Van Hilleary 6%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 87%
Maurice Hinchey 87%
David Lee Hobson 31%
Pete Hoekstra 13%
Thomas Holden 31%
Ernest Hollings 33%
Darlene Hooley 75%
Stephen Horn 50%
John Nathan Hostettler 19%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 56%
Kenny Hulshof 6%
Duncan Hunter 6%
Asa Hutchinson 19%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 17%
Kay Hutchison 20%
Henry Hyde 6%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 6%
Daniel Inouye 83%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 94%
William Jefferson 67%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
William Lewis Jenkins 6%
Christopher John 27%
Jay Johnson 47%
Nancy Johnson 63%
Paul Kanjorski 63%
Sue Kelly 38%
Dirk Kempthorne 50%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 83%
Joseph Kennedy II 81%
Patrick Kennedy 88%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 79%
Bob Kerrey 83%
Dale Kildee 50%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jay Kim 13%
Gerald Kleczka 75%
Ronald Klink 63%
Scott Klug 25%
Joseph Knollenberg 13%
Herb Kohl 83%
James Kolbe 44%
Dennis Kucinich 56%
Jon Kyl 17%
John LaFalce 63%
Ray LaHood 13%
Nicholas Lampson 63%
Tom Lantos 79%
Stephen Largent 13%
Steve LaTourette 27%
Frank Lautenberg 83%
Rick Lazio 25%
James Leach 56%
Jerry Lewis 31%
Ron Lewis 6%
Joe Lieberman 67%
John Linder 6%
William Lipinski 0%
Robert Livingston 6%
Trent Lott, Sr. 17%
Dick Lugar 33%
William Luther 69%
Connie Mack 33%
James Maloney 63%
Thomas Manton 50%
Don Manzullo 6%
Matthew Martinez 87%
Frank Mascara 44%
Robert Matsui 81%
Karen McCarthy 81%
Bill McCollum 13%
James McCrery III 21%
Joseph McDade 18%
Paul McHale 63%
John McHugh 13%
Scott McInnis 6%
David McIntosh 7%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 93%
Michael McNulty 58%
Martin Meehan 94%
Carrie Meek 93%
Jack Metcalf 0%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 94%
Dan Miller 40%
David Minge 56%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 87%
John Moakley 55%
Alan Mollohan 53%
Constance Morella 81%
Carol Moseley Braun 83%
Patrick Moynihan 33%
Frank Murkowski 33%
Jack Murtha 56%
Sue Myrick 13%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 13%
Mark Neumann 7%
Robert William Ney 13%
Don Nickles 17%
Anne Northup 13%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 6%
James Nussle 13%
Jim Oberstar 87%
Dave Obey 75%
John Olver 94%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 29%
Major Owens 94%
Michael Oxley 20%
Ronald Packard 7%
Michael Pappas 6%
Mike Parker 0%
Ron Paul 40%
William Paxon 7%
Donald Payne 94%
Edward Pease 6%
John Peterson 6%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 7%
Owen Pickett 50%
Richard Pombo 6%
Earl Pomeroy 53%
John Edward Porter 38%
Glenn Poshard 53%
Deborah Pryce 31%
Jack Quinn 6%
George Radanovich 7%
James Ramstad 13%
Bill Redmond 13%
Ralph Regula 13%
Silvestre Reyes 47%
Frank Riggs 13%
Bob Riley 6%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 88%
Charles Robb 83%
Ciro Rodriguez 73%
Timothy Roemer 31%
James Rogan 6%
William Roth, Jr. 40%
Steve Rothman 75%
Marge Roukema 19%
Jim Ryun 6%
Martin Olav Sabo 94%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 20%
Rick Santorum 17%
Paul Sarbanes 83%
Jim Saxton 25%
Joe Scarborough 6%
Daniel Schaefer 7%
Robert Schaffer 19%
John Shadegg 20%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 38%
Christopher Shays 63%
E.G. Shuster 7%
Norman Sisisky 56%
David Skaggs 93%
Joseph Skeen 13%
Ike Skelton 25%
Gordon Smith 33%
Linda Smith 6%
Nick Smith 14%
Robert Smith 8%
Bob Smith 17%
Vincent Snowbarger 13%
Olympia Snowe 67%
Vic Snyder 81%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 6%
Mark Souder 13%
Arlen Specter 40%
Floyd Spence 6%
John Spratt, Jr. 44%
Pete Stark 93%
Cliff Stearns 6%
Charles Stenholm 19%
Ted Stevens 50%
Louis Stokes 94%
Ted Strickland 60%
Bob Stump 13%
Bart Stupak 63%
John Sununu 6%
James Talent 6%
John Tanner 31%
Ellen Tauscher 81%
William Tauzin 7%
Charles Taylor 6%
Gene Taylor 0%
Craig Thomas 33%
William Thomas 25%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 81%
Strom Thurmond 33%
Todd Tiahrt 6%
Esteban Edward Torres 81%
Robert Torricelli 83%
Ed Towns 86%
James Traficant, Jr. 31%
James Turner 19%
Bruce Vento 81%
James Walsh 13%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 33%
Wesley Watkins 13%
Mel Watt 94%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 13%
David Weldon 13%
W. Curtis Weldon 0%
Gerald Weller 13%
Paul Wellstone 83%
Robert Wexler 75%
Bob Weygand 75%
Rick White 31%
Heather Wilson 50%
Bob Wise, Jr. 73%
Lynn Woolsey 93%
Albert Wynn 75%
Sidney Yates 82%
Bill Young 8%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.