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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Civil Liberties Union

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Kent Conrad 33%
Merrill Cook 0%
John Cooksey 0%
Jerry Costello 20%
Paul Coverdell 33%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 33%
Robert Cramer 33%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 33%
Patsy Ann Danner 33%
Thomas Daschle 33%
James Davis 33%
Thomas Davis III 17%
Bill Delahunt 83%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 67%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 83%
John Dingell 67%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 67%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 33%
Calvin Dooley 60%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 33%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 60%
Vern Ehlers 33%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 17%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 0%
John Ensign 0%
Bob Etheridge 33%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 0%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 33%
Harris Fawell 17%
Victor Fazio 100%
Russ Feingold 67%
Bob Filner 80%
Mark Foley 17%
Michael Patrick Forbes 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 67%
Wendell Ford 33%
Tillie Fowler 17%
Jon David Fox 0%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 33%
William Frist 33%
Jonas Frost III 67%
Elizabeth Furse 100%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 17%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 17%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 67%
Jim Gibbons 17%
Wayne Gilchrest 33%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Benjamin Gilman 50%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 67%
Henry Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 17%
William Goodling 0%
Bart Gordon 33%
Slade Gorton 33%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 67%
William Phillip Gramm 33%
Rodney Grams 33%
James Greenwood 50%
Judd Gregg 33%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Charles Hagel 33%
Ralph Hall 17%
Tony Hall 20%
Lee Hamilton 33%
James Hansen 0%
Tom Harkin 67%
Jane Harman 67%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Doc Hastings 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 25%
Jesse Helms 33%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 0%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 75%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 17%
Pete Hoekstra 17%
Thomas Holden 17%
Ernest Hollings 33%
Darlene Hooley 67%
Stephen Horn 50%
John Nathan Hostettler 17%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 17%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 17%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 33%
Henry Hyde 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 67%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 67%
James Merrill Jeffords 33%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 33%
Jay Johnson 33%
Nancy Johnson 33%
Timothy Johnson 33%
Paul Kanjorski 50%
Sue Kelly 17%
Dirk Kempthorne 33%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 67%
Joseph Kennedy II 83%
Patrick Kennedy 83%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 83%
Bob Kerrey 67%
Dale Kildee 17%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jay Kim 0%
Jack Kingston 0%
Gerald Kleczka 67%
Ronald Klink 67%
Scott Klug 17%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 67%
James Kolbe 50%
Dennis Kucinich 50%
Jon Kyl 33%
John LaFalce 50%
Ray LaHood 0%
Nicholas Lampson 33%
Mary Landrieu 0%
Tom Lantos 80%
Stephen Largent 0%
Tom Latham 0%
Steve LaTourette 17%
Frank Lautenberg 67%
Rick Lazio 17%
James Leach 50%
Carl Levin 67%
Jerry Lewis 20%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 33%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 17%
Robert Livingston 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 33%
Dick Lugar 33%
William Luther 67%
Connie Mack 33%
James Maloney 33%
Thomas Manton 33%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 67%
Frank Mascara 50%
Robert Matsui 100%
Carolyn McCarthy 83%
Karen McCarthy 80%
Bill McCollum 0%
James McCrery III 0%
Joseph McDade 0%
Paul McHale 50%
John McHugh 0%
Scott McInnis 0%
David McIntosh 0%
Mike McIntyre 17%
Buck McKeon 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 50%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 100%
Jack Metcalf 0%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 17%
George Miller 100%
David Minge 67%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 60%
Alan Mollohan 33%
Jim Moran, Jr. 33%
Constance Morella 83%
Carol Moseley Braun 67%
Patrick Moynihan 0%
Frank Murkowski 33%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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