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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Civil Liberties Union

1996 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 39%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 12%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 18%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 35%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 59%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 0%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 17%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 39%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 19%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 69%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 18%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 13%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 22%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 88%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 39%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 62%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 44%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 11%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 6%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 64%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 22%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 62%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 88%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 6%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 24%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 13%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 42%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 75%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 12%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 27%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 17%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 59%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 59%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 28%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 21%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 0%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 12%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 69%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 79%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 93%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 73%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 94%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 75%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 86%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 7%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 94%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 12%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 6%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 69%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 75%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 12%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 87%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 33%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 12%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 50%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 94%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 6%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 87%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 75%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 69%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 6%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 0%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 47%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 56%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 12%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 12%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 69%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 69%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 38%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 80%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 12%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 6%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 19%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 12%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 62%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 25%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 25%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 93%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 80%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 94%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 69%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 88%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 13%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 6%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 67%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 12%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 75%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 81%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 94%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 50%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 25%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 75%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 20%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 19%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 19%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 6%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 93%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 7%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 67%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 75%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 81%
TX U.S. House 36 Steve Stockman Republican 17%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 81%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 56%
VA U.S. House 10 Frank Wolf Republican 12%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 12%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 19%
WI U.S. House 6 Tom Petri Republican 31%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 69%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 94%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 20%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 6%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 62%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 17%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 6%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 47%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 69%
IN Council Member At-Large John Myers Republican 8%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 56%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 17%
Gary Ackerman 69%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 44%
Wayne Allard 12%
Rob Andrews 53%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 22%
Henry Scott Baesler 38%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
William Baker 17%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 19%
Charlie Bass 12%
Herbert Bateman 7%
Max Baucus 33%
Anthony Beilenson 92%
Bob Bennett 24%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 50%
Douglas Bereuter 6%
Howard Berman 77%
Tom Bevill 25%
Brian Bilbray 12%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 44%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 17%
Sherwood Boehlert 27%
Kit Bond 11%
Henry Bonilla 25%
David Edward Bonior 81%
Sonny Bono 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 56%
Rick Boucher 71%
Bill Bradley 83%
John Breaux 17%
George Brown, Jr. 88%
Hank Brown 8%
Richard Bryan 35%
Ed Bryant 6%
John Bryant 83%
Dale Bumpers 50%
Jim Bunn 8%
Jim Bunning 12%
Conrad Burns 22%
Dan Burton 6%
Steve Buyer 6%
Robert Byrd 33%
Herbert Callahan 7%
Ben Campbell 18%
Thomas Campbell 25%
Mike Castle 12%
John Chafee 50%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 20%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
Dick Chrysler 9%
William Clay, Sr. 92%
Eva Clayton 75%
Robert Clement 40%
William Cohen 58%
Ronald Coleman 83%
Barbara-Rose Collins 90%
Cardiss Collins 92%
Michael Collins 12%
Larry Combest 6%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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