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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Civil Liberties Union

1996 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 94%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 17%
Gary Ackerman 69%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 44%
Wayne Allard 12%
Rob Andrews 53%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 22%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 38%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
William Baker 17%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 56%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 69%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 19%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 6%
Charlie Bass 12%
Herbert Bateman 7%
Max Baucus 33%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Anthony Beilenson 92%
Bob Bennett 24%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 50%
Douglas Bereuter 6%
Howard Berman 77%
Tom Bevill 25%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 39%
Brian Bilbray 12%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 44%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 50%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 75%
Peter Blute 17%
Sherwood Boehlert 27%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 6%
Kit Bond 11%
Henry Bonilla 25%
David Edward Bonior 81%
Sonny Bono 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 56%
Rick Boucher 71%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 59%
Bill Bradley 83%
John Breaux 17%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 75%
George Brown, Jr. 88%
Hank Brown 8%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 88%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 20%
Richard Bryan 35%
Ed Bryant 6%
John Bryant 83%
Dale Bumpers 50%
Jim Bunn 8%
Jim Bunning 12%
Conrad Burns 22%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 6%
Dan Burton 6%
Steve Buyer 6%
Robert Byrd 33%
Herbert Callahan 7%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 12%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 12%
Ben Campbell 18%
Thomas Campbell 25%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 6%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 62%
Mike Castle 12%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 13%
John Chafee 50%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 0%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 20%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
Dick Chrysler 9%
William Clay, Sr. 92%
Eva Clayton 75%
Robert Clement 40%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 75%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 18%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 6%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 13%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 11%
William Cohen 58%
Ronald Coleman 83%
Barbara-Rose Collins 90%
Cardiss Collins 92%
Michael Collins 12%
Larry Combest 6%
Gary Condit 33%
Kent Conrad 35%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
Wes Cooley 8%
Jerry Costello 50%
Paul Coverdell 22%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 94%
Larry Craig 22%
Robert Cramer 19%
Philip Crane 12%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 19%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 8%
Barbara Cubin 12%
Randall Cunningham 6%
Alfonse D'Amato 17%
Patsy Ann Danner 31%
Thomas Daschle 44%
Thomas Davis III 12%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 0%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 81%
E. Kika de la Garza 40%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 69%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 100%
Peter Deutsch 44%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 17%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 31%
Jay Dickey 7%
Norm Dicks 69%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 69%
Julian Dixon 81%
Chris Dodd 39%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 81%
Robert Dole 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 13%
Calvin Dooley 40%
John Doolittle 25%
Byron Dorgan 44%
Robert Dornan 8%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 50%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 20%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 69%
Chet Edwards 50%
Vern Ehlers 25%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Bill Emerson 8%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
Philip English 19%
John Ensign 40%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 73%
Lane Evans 94%
Terry Everett 6%
Thomas Ewing 12%
Jim Exon 33%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 29%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 75%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 94%
Harris Fawell 6%
Victor Fazio 69%
Russ Feingold 82%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 35%
Cleo Fields 78%
Jack Fields, Jr. 8%
Bob Filner 93%
Floyd Flake 81%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 0%
Thomas Foglietta 88%
Mark Foley 6%
Michael Patrick Forbes 13%
Wendell Ford 17%
Tillie Fowler 13%
Jon David Fox 6%
Barney Frank 88%
Gary Franks 42%
Robert Franks 27%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 25%
Dan Frisa 8%
William Frist 17%
Jonas Frost III 44%
David Funderburk 0%
Elizabeth Furse 67%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 6%
Sam Gejdenson 88%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 47%
Pete Geren 27%
Sam Gibbons 83%
Wayne Gilchrest 6%
Paul Gillmor 12%
Benjamin Gilman 19%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 50%
Henry Gonzalez 75%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
William Goodling 12%
Bart Gordon 38%
Slade Gorton 11%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 39%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 12%
William Phillip Gramm 20%
Rodney Grams 22%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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