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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Civil Liberties Union

1996 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 21%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 12%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 12%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 18%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 93%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 73%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 94%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 75%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 7%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 94%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 12%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 6%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 35%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 59%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 69%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 75%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 12%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 87%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 33%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 6%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 50%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 94%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 0%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 17%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 19%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 87%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutiérrez Democratic 75%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 69%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 69%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 18%
IN Council Member At-Large John Myers Republican 8%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 13%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 20%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 6%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 0%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 22%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 47%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 88%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 56%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 39%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 62%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 56%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 12%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 69%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 38%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 80%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 11%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 39%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 47%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 12%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 6%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 19%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 12%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 62%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 25%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 64%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 22%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 25%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 93%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 80%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic, Working Families 94%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 69%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 88%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 62%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 13%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 6%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 67%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 62%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 88%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 6%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 17%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 6%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 12%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 24%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 75%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 81%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 42%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 94%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 50%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 75%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 25%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 75%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 12%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 20%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 19%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 6%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 93%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 7%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 67%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 75%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 81%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 17%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 81%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 59%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 59%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 19%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 69%
Neil Abercrombie 94%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 17%
Gary Ackerman 69%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 44%
Wayne Allard 12%
Rob Andrews 53%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 22%
Spencer Bachus 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 38%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
William Baker 17%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 19%
Charlie Bass 12%
Herbert Bateman 7%
Max Baucus 33%
Anthony Beilenson 92%
Bob Bennett 24%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 50%
Douglas Bereuter 6%
Howard Berman 77%
Tom Bevill 25%
Brian Bilbray 12%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 44%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 17%
Sherwood Boehlert 27%
Kit Bond 11%
Henry Bonilla 25%
David Edward Bonior 81%
Sonny Bono 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 56%
Rick Boucher 71%
Bill Bradley 83%
John Breaux 17%
George Brown, Jr. 88%
Hank Brown 8%
Richard Bryan 35%
Ed Bryant 6%
John Bryant 83%
Dale Bumpers 50%
Jim Bunn 8%
Jim Bunning 12%
Conrad Burns 22%
Dan Burton 6%
Steve Buyer 6%
Robert Byrd 33%
Herbert Callahan 7%
Dave Camp 12%
Ben Campbell 18%
Thomas Campbell 25%
Mike Castle 12%
John Chafee 50%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 20%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
Dick Chrysler 9%
William Clay, Sr. 92%
Eva Clayton 75%
Robert Clement 40%
Howard Coble 6%
Thomas Coburn 13%
William Cohen 58%
Ronald Coleman 83%
Barbara-Rose Collins 90%
Cardiss Collins 92%
Michael Collins 12%
Larry Combest 6%
Gary Condit 33%
Kent Conrad 35%
Wes Cooley 8%
Jerry Costello 50%
Paul Coverdell 22%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 94%
Larry Craig 22%
Robert Cramer 19%
Philip Crane 12%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 8%
Barbara Cubin 12%
Randall Cunningham 6%
Alfonse D'Amato 17%
Patsy Ann Danner 31%
Thomas Daschle 44%
Thomas Davis III 12%
E. Kika de la Garza 40%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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