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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Civil Liberties Union

1996 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
Ronald Dellums 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
Major Owens 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
Paul Simon 100%
Pete Stark 100%
Louis Stokes 100%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 94%
William Coyne 94%
Lane Evans 94%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 94%
Maurice Hinchey 94%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 94%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 94%
Robert Matsui 94%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 94%
John Olver 94%
Donald Payne 94%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 94%
Martin Olav Sabo 94%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 94%
David Skaggs 94%
Sidney Yates 94%
Bob Filner 93%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 93%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 93%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 93%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 93%
Ed Towns 93%
Mel Watt 93%
Anthony Beilenson 92%
William Clay, Sr. 92%
Cardiss Collins 92%
Pat Schroeder 92%
Gerry Studds 91%
Barbara-Rose Collins 90%
Pat Williams 90%
George Brown, Jr. 88%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 88%
Thomas Foglietta 88%
Barney Frank 88%
Sam Gejdenson 88%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 88%
Jim Oberstar 88%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 88%
Esteban Edward Torres 88%
Bruce Vento 88%
Lynn Woolsey 88%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 87%
Carrie Meek 87%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 87%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 86%
Bill Bradley 83%
John Bryant 83%
Ronald Coleman 83%
Sam Gibbons 83%
Clay Pell 83%
Russ Feingold 82%
Harry Johnston 82%
Michael Ward 82%
David Edward Bonior 81%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 81%
Julian Dixon 81%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 81%
Floyd Flake 81%
William Jefferson 81%
Patrick Kennedy 81%
Matthew Martinez 81%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 81%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 81%
Albert Wynn 81%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 80%
John LaFalce 80%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 80%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 80%
Martin Meehan 80%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 80%
Tony Hall 79%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 79%
Cleo Fields 78%
Carol Moseley Braun 78%
Howard Berman 77%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 75%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 75%
Eva Clayton 75%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 75%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 75%
Henry Gonzalez 75%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 75%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 75%
Karen McCarthy 75%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 75%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 75%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 73%
Rick Boucher 71%
Gary Ackerman 69%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 69%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 69%
Norm Dicks 69%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 69%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 69%
Victor Fazio 69%
Joseph Kennedy II 69%
Tom Lantos 69%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 69%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 69%
David Minge 69%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 69%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 69%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 69%
Elizabeth Furse 67%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 67%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 67%
John Moakley 67%
Dave Obey 67%
Ray Thornton 67%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 64%
Charles Wilson 64%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 62%
Ronald Klink 62%
William Luther 62%
Alan Mollohan 62%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 62%
Bill Richardson 62%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 62%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 62%
Bart Stupak 62%
Bob Wise, Jr. 62%
David Pryor 60%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 59%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 59%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 59%
William Cohen 58%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 58%
Sam Nunn 58%
Pete Peterson 58%
Charles Rose III 58%
Alan Simpson 58%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 56%
Robert Borski, Jr. 56%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 56%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 56%
Gerald Kleczka 56%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 56%
Constance Morella 56%
Jack Murtha 56%
Glenn Poshard 56%
Robert Torricelli 56%
Paul Wellstone 56%
Rob Andrews 53%
Patrick Moynihan 53%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 53%
Karen Thurman 53%
James Barcia 50%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 50%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 50%
Dale Bumpers 50%
John Chafee 50%
Jerry Costello 50%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 50%
Chet Edwards 50%
John Glenn 50%
Paul Kanjorski 50%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 50%
Dale Kildee 50%
Frank Lautenberg 50%
Peter Torkildsen 50%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 47%
Jane Harman 47%
Bob Kerrey 47%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 47%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 47%
Mark Hatfield 45%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 44%
Jeff Bingaman 44%
Thomas Daschle 44%
Peter Deutsch 44%
Byron Dorgan 44%
Jonas Frost III 44%
W.G. Hefner 44%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 44%
Paul McHale 44%
Earl Pomeroy 44%
Timothy Roemer 44%
Paul Sarbanes 44%
Gary Franks 42%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 42%
J. Bennett Johnston 42%
Blanche Lincoln 42%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 42%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 42%
Robert Clement 40%
E. Kika de la Garza 40%
Calvin Dooley 40%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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