Rating Group: United States Student Association

1995-1996 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 36%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 0%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 91%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 91%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 91%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 29%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 91%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 91%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 82%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 36%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 64%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 10%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 17%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 74%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 73%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 73%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 9%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 54%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 33%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 9%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 17%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 9%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 82%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 64%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 64%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 64%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 80%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 82%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 73%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 9%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 73%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 82%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 45%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 36%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 91%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 64%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 82%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 9%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 91%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 27%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 9%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 73%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 73%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 91%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 17%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 91%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 82%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 91%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 91%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 9%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 64%
OH Governor John Kasich R 9%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 82%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 36%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 17%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 71%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 80%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 73%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 54%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 73%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 17%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 73%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 36%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 9%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 9%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 9%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 91%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 73%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 91%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 82%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 27%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 9%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 64%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 9%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 82%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 82%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 9%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 9%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 91%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 73%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 91%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 17%
Gary Ackerman 91%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 91%
Wayne Allard 0%
Rob Andrews 45%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 54%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
William Baker 11%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 64%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 9%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 64%
Anthony Beilenson 89%
Bob Bennett 36%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 73%
Douglas Bereuter 9%
Howard Berman 27%
Tom Bevill 67%
Brian Bilbray 0%
Michael Bilirakis 9%
Jeff Bingaman 82%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 38%
Sherwood Boehlert 27%
Kit Bond 27%
Henry Bonilla 9%
David Edward Bonior 91%
Sonny Bono 91%
Robert Borski, Jr. 82%
Rick Boucher 73%
Bill Bradley 100%
John Breaux 54%
Bill Brewster 56%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
Hank Brown 14%
Richard Bryan 64%
Ed Bryant 0%
John Bryant 100%
Dale Bumpers 82%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 27%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 64%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 30%
Thomas Campbell 36%
Mike Castle 27%
John Chafee 45%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 82%
Eva Clayton 91%
Robert Clement 45%
William Clinger 14%
William Cohen 29%
Ronald Coleman 89%
Barbara-Rose Collins 100%
Cardiss Collins 100%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 0%
Kent Conrad 73%
Jerry Costello 54%
Paul Coverdell 17%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 9%
Robert Cramer 45%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 45%
Patsy Ann Danner 45%
Thomas Daschle 92%
Thomas Davis III 9%
E. Kika de la Garza 75%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 100%
Peter Deutsch 54%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 36%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 73%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 87%
Robert Dole 29%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 36%
Calvin Dooley 64%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 73%
Robert Dornan 11%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 64%
Vern Ehlers 9%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Bill Emerson 33%
Philip English 9%
John Ensign 17%
Lane Evans 91%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 9%
Jim Exon 43%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 9%
Victor Fazio 73%
Russ Feingold 82%
Cleo Fields 100%
Jack Fields, Jr. 13%
Bob Filner 73%
Floyd Flake 82%
Thomas Foglietta 100%
Mark Foley 9%
Michael Patrick Forbes 0%
Wendell Ford 64%
Tillie Fowler 0%
Jon David Fox 9%
Barney Frank 100%
Gary Franks 33%
Robert Franks 9%
William Frist 36%
Jonas Frost III 73%
Elizabeth Furse 64%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 0%
Sam Gejdenson 91%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 91%
Pete Geren 56%
Sam Gibbons 89%
Wayne Gilchrest 9%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Benjamin Gilman 17%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 82%
Henry Gonzalez 82%
William Goodling 9%
Bart Gordon 45%
Slade Gorton 27%
Porter Goss 9%
Daniel Graham 64%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 9%
James Greenwood 9%
Judd Gregg 27%
Steven Gunderson 67%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Tony Hall 64%
Lee Hamilton 45%
Melton Hancock 11%
James Hansen 0%
Jane Harman 64%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Mark Hatfield 87%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 9%
W.G. Hefner 45%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 9%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 82%
Maurice Hinchey 91%
David Lee Hobson 9%
Pete Hoekstra 17%
Martin Hoke 33%
Thomas Holden 54%
Ernest Hollings 73%
Stephen Horn 17%
John Nathan Hostettler 9%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 27%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 9%
Henry Hyde 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 91%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 75%
William Jefferson 91%
James Merrill Jeffords 70%
Nancy Johnson 0%
Harry Johnston 100%
J. Bennett Johnston 57%
Paul Kanjorski 54%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 43%
Sue Kelly 17%
Dirk Kempthorne 9%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 116%
Joseph Kennedy II 91%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 82%
Bob Kerrey 91%
Dale Kildee 73%
Jay Kim 9%
Gerald Kleczka 73%
Ronald Klink 64%
Scott Klug 17%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 64%
James Kolbe 17%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 91%
Ray LaHood 17%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 17%
Steve LaTourette 27%
Greg Laughlin 56%
Frank Lautenberg 82%
Rick Lazio 9%
James Leach 17%
Jerry Lewis 9%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 73%
Jim Lightfoot 33%
Blanche Lincoln 78%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 45%
Robert Livingston 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 27%
Dick Lugar 27%
William Luther 64%
Connie Mack 17%
Thomas Manton 64%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 100%
Frank Mascara 54%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 64%
Bill McCollum 0%
James McCrery III 0%
Joseph McDade 0%
Paul McHale 54%
John McHugh 17%
Scott McInnis 0%
David McIntosh 17%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 73%
Martin Meehan 73%
Carrie Meek 100%
Jack Metcalf 0%
Jan Meyers 56%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 9%
David Minge 54%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 64%
Susan Molinari 17%
Alan Mollohan 91%
G.V. Montgomery 67%
Carlos Moorhead 11%
Constance Morella 64%
Carol Moseley Braun 73%
Patrick Moynihan 91%
Frank Murkowski 9%
Jack Murtha 64%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 9%
Mark Neumann 9%
Robert William Ney 9%
Don Nickles 17%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
Sam Nunn 57%
James Nussle 0%
Jim Oberstar 91%
Dave Obey 64%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 82%
Bill Orton 44%
Major Owens 91%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ronald Packard 0%
Mike Parker 0%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 100%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 67%
Clay Pell 100%
Pete Peterson 78%
Owen Pickett 54%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 73%
John Edward Porter 9%
Glenn Poshard 45%
Larry Pressler 0%
Deborah Pryce 9%
David Pryor 83%
James Quillen 22%
Jack Quinn 45%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 9%
Ralph Regula 9%
Bill Richardson 73%
Frank Riggs 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 91%
Charles Robb 73%
Timothy Roemer 45%
Charles Rose III 100%
Toby Roth 22%
William Roth, Jr. 27%
Marge Roukema 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Rick Santorum 27%
Paul Sarbanes 82%
Jim Saxton 9%
Joe Scarborough 27%
Steven Schiff 27%
Pat Schroeder 89%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 0%
Christopher Shays 9%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Paul Simon 96%
Alan Simpson 29%
Norman Sisisky 27%
David Skaggs 91%
Joseph Skeen 17%
Ike Skelton 54%
Linda Smith 0%
Nick Smith 9%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 65%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 27%
Arlen Specter 65%
Floyd Spence 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 45%
Pete Stark 91%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 36%
Ted Stevens 36%
Louis Stokes 82%
Gerry Studds 100%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 73%
James Talent 0%
John Tanner 45%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 36%
Frank Tejeda 91%
Craig Thomas 17%
William Thomas 9%
Fred Thompson 17%
Ray Thornton 67%
Karen Thurman 45%
Strom Thurmond 27%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Peter Torkildsen 56%
Esteban Edward Torres 100%
Robert Torricelli 54%
Ed Towns 100%
James Traficant, Jr. 54%
Bruce Vento 82%
Harold Volkmer 78%
Barbara Vucanovich 33%
Robert Walker 11%
James Walsh 9%
Zach Wamp 17%
John Warner 27%
Mel Watt 91%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 9%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 9%
Gerald Weller 9%
Paul Wellstone 87%
Rick White 17%
Pat Williams 98%
Charles Wilson 89%
Bob Wise, Jr. 82%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 82%
Sidney Yates 73%
Bill Young 9%
Bill Zeliff 11%
Richard Zimmer 25%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.