Rating Group: Concerned Women for America

1997-1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 75%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 100%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 75%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 75%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 100%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 75%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 25%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 0%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 25%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 25%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 25%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 25%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 25%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 25%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 75%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 25%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 25%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 25%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 75%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 25%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 50%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 25%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 25%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 25%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 25%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 25%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 25%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 75%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 25%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 25%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 75%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 75%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 75%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 50%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 75%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 25%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 75%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 75%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 75%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 25%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 25%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 25%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 50%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 25%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 75%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 75%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 75%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 75%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 25%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 33%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 50%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 25%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 25%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 25%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 25%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 25%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 50%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 25%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 25%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 75%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 50%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 25%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 50%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 25%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 75%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 75%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 75%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 75%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 25%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 25%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 75%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 75%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 25%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 75%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 50%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 25%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 50%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 67%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 25%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 50%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 50%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 25%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 25%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 75%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 25%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 25%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 25%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 25%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 25%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 25%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 25%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 75%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 75%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 75%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 50%
OH Governor John Kasich R 75%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 25%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 75%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 75%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 75%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 25%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 25%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 33%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 25%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 25%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 75%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 75%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 50%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 25%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 25%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 75%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 75%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 75%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 75%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 75%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 75%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 25%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 50%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 25%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 50%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 25%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 25%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 75%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 25%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 75%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 25%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 75%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 50%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 67%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 25%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 25%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 75%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 25%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 25%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 50%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 75%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 75%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 50%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 50%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 75%
Gary Ackerman 25%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 25%
Rob Andrews 25%
Bill Archer 75%
Richard Armey 75%
John Ashcroft 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 75%
Cass Ballenger 50%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 67%
Bill Barrett 50%
Roscoe Bartlett 75%
Charlie Bass 75%
Herbert Bateman 25%
Max Baucus 0%
Bob Bennett 75%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 25%
Douglas Bereuter 50%
Howard Berman 25%
Marion Berry 75%
Brian Bilbray 50%
Michael Bilirakis 75%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
Rod Blagojevich 25%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 25%
Kit Bond 75%
Henry Bonilla 75%
David Edward Bonior 50%
Mary Bono Mack 50%
Robert Borski, Jr. 50%
Leonard Boswell 50%
Rick Boucher 25%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 50%
John Breaux 50%
George Brown, Jr. 25%
Richard Bryan 0%
Ed Bryant 75%
Jim Bunning 75%
Conrad Burns 75%
Dan Burton 75%
Steve Buyer 100%
Robert Byrd 50%
Herbert Callahan 50%
Ben Campbell 75%
Thomas Campbell 25%
Chris Cannon 75%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 50%
John Chafee 25%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 75%
William Clay, Sr. 25%
Eva Clayton 25%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 0%
Robert Clement 50%
Michael Collins 75%
Larry Combest 75%
Gary Condit 50%
Kent Conrad 25%
Merrill Cook 50%
John Cooksey 67%
Jerry Costello 50%
Paul Coverdell 75%
Christopher Cox 50%
William Coyne 25%
Larry Craig 75%
Robert Cramer 75%
Philip Crane 75%
Barbara Cubin 50%
Randall Cunningham 33%
Patsy Ann Danner 50%
Thomas Daschle 25%
James Davis 50%
Thomas Davis III 50%
Bill Delahunt 25%
Thomas DeLay 75%
Peter Deutsch 25%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 25%
Jay Dickey 75%
Norm Dicks 25%
Julian Dixon 25%
Chris Dodd 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 75%
Calvin Dooley 25%
John Doolittle 75%
Byron Dorgan 25%
David Dreier 25%
Jennifer Dunn 50%
Chet Edwards 25%
Vern Ehlers 25%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 50%
Jo Ann Emerson 75%
Philip English 33%
Bob Etheridge 50%
Lane Evans 25%
Terry Everett 75%
Thomas Ewing 50%
Russ Feingold 25%
Bob Filner 25%
Mark Foley 50%
Michael Patrick Forbes 50%
Harold Ford, Jr. 33%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 100%
Tillie Fowler 50%
Barney Frank 25%
Robert Franks 50%
William Frist 75%
Jonas Frost III 25%
Elton Gallegly 25%
John Ganske 50%
Sam Gejdenson 25%
George Gekas 75%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 50%
Jim Gibbons 75%
Wayne Gilchrest 50%
Paul Gillmor 75%
Benjamin Gilman 25%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 75%
William Goodling 67%
Bart Gordon 50%
Slade Gorton 75%
Porter Goss 25%
Daniel Graham 25%
William Phillip Gramm 100%
Rodney Grams 100%
James Greenwood 25%
Judd Gregg 75%
Gilbert Gutknecht 50%
Tony Hall 50%
James Hansen 50%
J. Dennis Hastert 75%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 75%
Joel Hefley 75%
Jesse Helms 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 75%
Rick Hill 50%
Van Hilleary 75%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 0%
Maurice Hinchey 25%
David Lee Hobson 50%
Pete Hoekstra 75%
Thomas Holden 25%
Ernest Hollings 25%
Darlene Hooley 25%
Stephen Horn 25%
John Nathan Hostettler 75%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 50%
Kenny Hulshof 75%
Duncan Hunter 75%
Asa Hutchinson 75%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 100%
Kay Hutchison 75%
Henry Hyde 75%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 75%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 25%
William Jefferson 50%
James Merrill Jeffords 0%
William Lewis Jenkins 75%
Christopher John 100%
Nancy Johnson 25%
Paul Kanjorski 50%
Sue Kelly 50%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 50%
Bob Kerrey 0%
Dale Kildee 50%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 25%
Gerald Kleczka 50%
Ronald Klink 50%
Joseph Knollenberg 25%
Herb Kohl 0%
James Kolbe 25%
Dennis Kucinich 75%
Jon Kyl 100%
John LaFalce 25%
Ray LaHood 75%
Nicholas Lampson 50%
Tom Lantos 25%
Stephen Largent 75%
Steve LaTourette 50%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Rick Lazio 50%
James Leach 50%
Jerry Lewis 50%
Ron Lewis 75%
Joe Lieberman 25%
John Linder 75%
William Lipinski 75%
Robert Livingston 75%
Trent Lott, Sr. 100%
Dick Lugar 75%
William Luther 25%
Connie Mack 100%
James Maloney 50%
Don Manzullo 75%
Matthew Martinez 50%
Frank Mascara 50%
Robert Matsui 25%
Karen McCarthy 25%
Bill McCollum 33%
James McCrery III 25%
John McHugh 50%
Scott McInnis 50%
David McIntosh 75%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 25%
Michael McNulty 50%
Martin Meehan 25%
Carrie Meek 25%
Jack Metcalf 75%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 25%
Dan Miller 50%
David Minge 50%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 25%
John Moakley 67%
Alan Mollohan 25%
Constance Morella 25%
Patrick Moynihan 25%
Frank Murkowski 75%
Jack Murtha 25%
Sue Myrick 75%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 50%
Robert William Ney 100%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 75%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 75%
James Nussle 75%
Jim Oberstar 50%
Dave Obey 50%
John Olver 25%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 25%
Major Owens 25%
Michael Oxley 50%
Ronald Packard 50%
Ron Paul 75%
Donald Payne 25%
Edward Pease 75%
John Peterson 50%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 75%
Owen Pickett 25%
Richard Pombo 75%
Earl Pomeroy 50%
John Edward Porter 50%
Deborah Pryce 67%
Jack Quinn 75%
George Radanovich 50%
James Ramstad 75%
Ralph Regula 50%
Silvestre Reyes 50%
Bob Riley 75%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 25%
Charles Robb 0%
Ciro Rodriguez 25%
Timothy Roemer 50%
James Rogan 50%
William Roth, Jr. 75%
Steve Rothman 25%
Marge Roukema 50%
Jim Ryun 75%
Martin Olav Sabo 25%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 75%
Rick Santorum 75%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 25%
Joe Scarborough 75%
Robert Schaffer 75%
John Shadegg 75%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 25%
Christopher Shays 50%
E.G. Shuster 75%
Norman Sisisky 50%
Joseph Skeen 75%
Ike Skelton 50%
Gordon Smith 75%
Nick Smith 50%
Bob Smith 100%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Vic Snyder 25%
Mark Souder 75%
Arlen Specter 25%
Floyd Spence 50%
John Spratt, Jr. 50%
Pete Stark 25%
Cliff Stearns 75%
Charles Stenholm 75%
Ted Stevens 75%
Ted Strickland 50%
Bob Stump 75%
Bart Stupak 50%
John Sununu 50%
James Talent 75%
John Tanner 75%
Ellen Tauscher 25%
William Tauzin 75%
Charles Taylor 75%
Gene Taylor 75%
Craig Thomas 75%
William Thomas 50%
Fred Thompson 100%
Karen Thurman 25%
Strom Thurmond 100%
Todd Tiahrt 75%
Robert Torricelli 25%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 25%
James Turner 75%
Bruce Vento 25%
James Walsh 50%
Zach Wamp 75%
John Warner 75%
Wesley Watkins 75%
Mel Watt 25%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 75%
David Weldon 75%
W. Curtis Weldon 75%
Gerald Weller 50%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Robert Wexler 25%
Bob Weygand 50%
Bob Wise, Jr. 25%
Lynn Woolsey 25%
Albert Wynn 25%
Bill Young 67%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.