Rating Group: Consumer Federation of America

1996 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 21%
Gary Ackerman 85%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 86%
Wayne Allard 8%
Rob Andrews 92%
Bill Archer 15%
Richard Armey 15%
John Ashcroft 14%
Henry Scott Baesler 77%
Richard Hugh Baker 23%
William Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 8%
James Barcia 69%
Bob Barr, Jr. 15%
Bill Barrett 15%
Roscoe Bartlett 15%
Charlie Bass 23%
Herbert Bateman 23%
Max Baucus 71%
Anthony Beilenson 100%
Bob Bennett 14%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 77%
Douglas Bereuter 31%
Howard Berman 85%
Tom Bevill 38%
Brian Bilbray 54%
Michael Bilirakis 23%
Jeff Bingaman 86%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 15%
Peter Blute 13%
Sherwood Boehlert 69%
Kit Bond 21%
Henry Bonilla 23%
David Edward Bonior 85%
Sonny Bono 15%
Robert Borski, Jr. 92%
Rick Boucher 77%
Bill Bradley 88%
John Breaux 71%
Bill Brewster 19%
Glen Browder 25%
George Brown, Jr. 85%
Hank Brown 0%
Richard Bryan 86%
Ed Bryant 15%
John Bryant 75%
Dale Bumpers 86%
Jim Bunn 31%
Jim Bunning 15%
Conrad Burns 14%
Dan Burton 15%
Steve Buyer 23%
Robert Byrd 86%
Herbert Callahan 15%
Ben Campbell 29%
Thomas Campbell 38%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 31%
Mike Castle 54%
John Chafee 50%
Jim Chapman 31%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 15%
Dick Chrysler 6%
William Clay, Sr. 77%
Eva Clayton 85%
Robert Clement 77%
William Clinger 13%
William Cohen 63%
Ronald Coleman 88%
Barbara-Rose Collins 88%
Cardiss Collins 100%
Michael Collins 23%
Larry Combest 15%
Gary Condit 69%
Kent Conrad 86%
Wes Cooley 13%
Jerry Costello 69%
Paul Coverdell 7%
Christopher Cox 15%
William Coyne 92%
Larry Craig 21%
Robert Cramer 69%
Philip Crane 15%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 0%
Barbara Cubin 8%
Randall Cunningham 15%
Alfonse D'Amato 29%
Patsy Ann Danner 77%
Thomas Daschle 79%
Thomas Davis III 46%
E. Kika de la Garza 50%
Thomas DeLay 15%
Ronald Dellums 77%
Peter Deutsch 69%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 46%
Jay Dickey 8%
Norm Dicks 85%
Julian Dixon 77%
Chris Dodd 71%
Robert Dole 20%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 21%
Calvin Dooley 54%
John Doolittle 15%
Byron Dorgan 71%
Robert Dornan 0%
David Dreier 23%
Jennifer Dunn 25%
Chet Edwards 77%
Vern Ehlers 31%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 15%
Bill Emerson 6%
Philip English 31%
John Ensign 38%
Lane Evans 85%
Terry Everett 15%
Thomas Ewing 15%
Jim Exon 63%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 7%
Harris Fawell 38%
Victor Fazio 77%
Russ Feingold 93%
Cleo Fields 88%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Bob Filner 85%
Floyd Flake 92%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 13%
Thomas Foglietta 85%
Mark Foley 38%
Michael Patrick Forbes 31%
Harold Ford, Sr. 88%
Wendell Ford 86%
Tillie Fowler 38%
Jon David Fox 54%
Barney Frank 92%
Gary Franks 13%
Robert Franks 62%
Dan Frisa 0%
William Frist 29%
Jonas Frost III 69%
David Funderburk 6%
Elizabeth Furse 85%
Elton Gallegly 23%
John Ganske 23%
Sam Gejdenson 85%
George Gekas 23%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 85%
Pete Geren 13%
Sam Gibbons 63%
Wayne Gilchrest 46%
Paul Gillmor 15%
Benjamin Gilman 46%
John Glenn 86%
Henry Gonzalez 77%
William Goodling 31%
Bart Gordon 69%
Slade Gorton 36%
Porter Goss 23%
Daniel Graham 64%
William Phillip Gramm 7%
Rodney Grams 14%
Enid Greene 0%
James Greenwood 46%
Judd Gregg 29%
Steven Gunderson 6%
Gilbert Gutknecht 23%
Tony Hall 83%
Lee Hamilton 77%
Melton Hancock 0%
James Hansen 23%
Jane Harman 69%
J. Dennis Hastert 15%
Mark Hatfield 31%
James Hayes 6%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 23%
Joel Hefley 8%
W.G. Hefner 69%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 6%
Jesse Helms 7%
Wally Herger, Jr. 8%
Van Hilleary 31%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 77%
Maurice Hinchey 92%
David Lee Hobson 23%
Pete Hoekstra 23%
Martin Hoke 13%
Thomas Holden 69%
Ernest Hollings 79%
Stephen Horn 54%
John Nathan Hostettler 15%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 54%
Duncan Hunter 15%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 23%
Kay Hutchison 14%
Henry Hyde 31%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 23%
Daniel Inouye 86%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 15%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 92%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 69%
William Jefferson 77%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
Nancy Johnson 31%
Harry Johnston 94%
J. Bennett Johnston 63%
Paul Kanjorski 85%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 13%
Sue Kelly 31%
Dirk Kempthorne 21%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 86%
Joseph Kennedy II 85%
Patrick Kennedy 92%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 77%
Bob Kerrey 79%
Dale Kildee 85%
Jay Kim 23%
Gerald Kleczka 77%
Ronald Klink 69%
Scott Klug 54%
Joseph Knollenberg 15%
Herb Kohl 64%
James Kolbe 23%
Jon Kyl 21%
John LaFalce 92%
Ray LaHood 31%
Tom Lantos 77%
Stephen Largent 15%
Steve LaTourette 38%
Greg Laughlin 6%
Frank Lautenberg 86%
Rick Lazio 38%
James Leach 54%
Jerry Lewis 31%
Ron Lewis 23%
Joe Lieberman 64%
Jim Lightfoot 0%
Blanche Lincoln 31%
John Linder 23%
William Lipinski 85%
Robert Livingston 15%
James Longley, Jr. 25%
Trent Lott, Sr. 7%
Dick Lugar 29%
William Luther 92%
Connie Mack 8%
Thomas Manton 85%
Don Manzullo 15%
Matthew Martinez 85%
Bill Martini 31%
Frank Mascara 85%
Robert Matsui 77%
Karen McCarthy 85%
Bill McCollum 15%
James McCrery III 23%
Joseph McDade 15%
Paul McHale 92%
John McHugh 38%
David McIntosh 15%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 77%
Michael McNulty 69%
Martin Meehan 85%
Carrie Meek 77%
Jack Metcalf 31%
Jan Meyers 19%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 23%
David Minge 77%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 85%
John Moakley 85%
Susan Molinari 36%
Alan Mollohan 77%
G.V. Montgomery 19%
Carlos Moorhead 0%
Constance Morella 54%
Carol Moseley Braun 64%
Patrick Moynihan 93%
Frank Murkowski 14%
Jack Murtha 69%
Sue Myrick 8%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 23%
Mark Neumann 31%
Robert William Ney 23%
Don Nickles 14%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 15%
Sam Nunn 44%
James Nussle 15%
Jim Oberstar 77%
Dave Obey 69%
John Olver 92%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 77%
Bill Orton 38%
Major Owens 92%
Michael Oxley 15%
Ronald Packard 23%
Mike Parker 15%
William Paxon 23%
Donald Payne 85%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 31%
Clay Pell 75%
Pete Peterson 44%
Owen Pickett 69%
Richard Pombo 8%
Earl Pomeroy 69%
John Edward Porter 38%
Glenn Poshard 69%
Larry Pressler 6%
Deborah Pryce 38%
David Pryor 81%
James Quillen 13%
Jack Quinn 69%
George Radanovich 23%
James Ramstad 62%
Ralph Regula 38%
Bill Richardson 75%
Frank Riggs 23%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 85%
Charles Robb 71%
Timothy Roemer 69%
Charles Rose III 63%
Toby Roth 0%
William Roth, Jr. 36%
Marge Roukema 62%
Martin Olav Sabo 85%
Rick Santorum 29%
Paul Sarbanes 93%
Jim Saxton 54%
Joe Scarborough 15%
Daniel Schaefer 8%
Steven Schiff 38%
Pat Schroeder 88%
Andrea Seastrand 0%
John Shadegg 15%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 23%
Christopher Shays 54%
E.G. Shuster 15%
Paul Simon 94%
Alan Simpson 19%
Norman Sisisky 54%
David Skaggs 85%
Joseph Skeen 15%
Ike Skelton 69%
Linda Smith 38%
Nick Smith 15%
Bob Smith 36%
Olympia Snowe 57%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 31%
Mark Souder 23%
Arlen Specter 57%
Floyd Spence 15%
John Spratt, Jr. 77%
Pete Stark 85%
Cliff Stearns 8%
Charles Stenholm 54%
Ted Stevens 21%
Louis Stokes 89%
Gerry Studds 100%
Bob Stump 8%
Bart Stupak 69%
James Talent 15%
John Tanner 54%
Randy Tate 0%
William Tauzin 23%
Charles Taylor 15%
Gene Taylor 46%
Frank Tejeda 63%
Craig Thomas 7%
William Thomas 15%
Fred Thompson 36%
Ray Thornton 75%
Karen Thurman 77%
Strom Thurmond 14%
Todd Tiahrt 15%
Peter Torkildsen 25%
Esteban Edward Torres 85%
Robert Torricelli 62%
Ed Towns 92%
James Traficant, Jr. 77%
Bruce Vento 85%
Harold Volkmer 57%
Barbara Vucanovich 0%
Robert Walker 0%
James Walsh 54%
Zach Wamp 15%
Michael Ward 75%
John Warner 21%
Mel Watt 85%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 15%
David Weldon 15%
W. Curtis Weldon 31%
Gerald Weller 15%
Paul Wellstone 79%
Rick White 31%
Pat Williams 56%
Charles Wilson 56%
Bob Wise, Jr. 69%
Lynn Woolsey 85%
Albert Wynn 77%
Sidney Yates 92%
Bill Young 15%
Bill Zeliff 0%
Richard Zimmer 13%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 85%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 77%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 85%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 77%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 71%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 62%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 86%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 85%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 92%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 85%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 77%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 85%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 85%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 85%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 54%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 92%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 92%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 77%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 85%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 75%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 85%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 85%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 79%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 69%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 92%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 64%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 69%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 85%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 85%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 77%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 69%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 69%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 86%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 93%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 86%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 85%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 85%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 77%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 85%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 92%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 77%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 85%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 85%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 86%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 85%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 69%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 71%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 77%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 92%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 85%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 77%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 77%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 92%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 85%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 93%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 71%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 92%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 85%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 92%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 85%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 85%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 85%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 85%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 85%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 85%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 92%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 77%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 85%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 85%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 85%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 85%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 23%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 8%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 8%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 15%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 8%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 15%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 23%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 23%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 15%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 21%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 23%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 23%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 7%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 8%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 31%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 29%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 38%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 62%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 31%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 31%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 21%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 23%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 8%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 14%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 7%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 15%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 8%
OH Governor John Kasich R 31%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 38%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 15%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 23%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 46%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 8%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 43%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 14%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 15%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 8%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 25%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 23%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 23%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 31%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 15%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 23%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 54%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 23%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 15%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 23%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 15%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 21%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 46%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 15%
TX U.S. House-36 Steve Stockman R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 8%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 31%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 23%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 15%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 31%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 23%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.