Rating Group: United Auto Workers

1996 Positions on Workplace Rights

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 26%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 6%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 0%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 5%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 89%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 83%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 84%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 85%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 95%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 93%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 15%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 95%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 5%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 95%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 47%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 15%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 5%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 90%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 10%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 33%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 5%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 95%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 89%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 5%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 11%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 5%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 11%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 5%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 5%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 95%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 95%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 89%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 5%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 5%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 95%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 90%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 95%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 75%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 83%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 94%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 11%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 5%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 10%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 45%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 45%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 26%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 89%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 95%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 42%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 95%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 95%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 95%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 95%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 95%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 95%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 95%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 5%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 95%
OH Governor John Kasich R 0%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 95%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 6%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 15%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 94%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 91%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 94%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 90%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 90%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 5%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 20%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 83%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 11%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 5%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 80%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 11%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 95%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 94%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 95%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 90%
TX U.S. House-36 Steve Stockman R 10%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 95%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 5%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 80%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 21%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 94%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 95%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 15%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 15%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 95%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 89%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 95%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 6%
Gary Ackerman 95%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Rob Andrews 95%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 6%
Henry Scott Baesler 85%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
William Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 85%
Bob Barr, Jr. 10%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 72%
Anthony Beilenson 95%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 90%
Douglas Bereuter 0%
Howard Berman 95%
Tom Bevill 61%
Brian Bilbray 20%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 15%
Sherwood Boehlert 65%
Kit Bond 11%
Henry Bonilla 10%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Sonny Bono 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 100%
Rick Boucher 89%
Bill Bradley 100%
John Breaux 78%
Bill Brewster 30%
Glen Browder 55%
George Brown, Jr. 95%
Hank Brown 5%
Richard Bryan 78%
Ed Bryant 0%
John Bryant 94%
Dale Bumpers 94%
Jim Bunn 10%
Jim Bunning 5%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 10%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 89%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 38%
Thomas Campbell 15%
Mike Castle 25%
John Chafee 28%
Jim Chapman 65%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 5%
Jon Lynn Christensen 5%
Dick Chrysler 0%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Robert Clement 70%
William Clinger 5%
William Cohen 42%
Ronald Coleman 100%
Barbara-Rose Collins 100%
Cardiss Collins 100%
Michael Collins 5%
Larry Combest 5%
Gary Condit 60%
Kent Conrad 89%
Wes Cooley 0%
Jerry Costello 100%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 5%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 65%
Philip Crane 0%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 5%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 5%
Alfonse D'Amato 28%
Patsy Ann Danner 85%
Thomas Daschle 94%
Thomas Davis III 32%
E. Kika de la Garza 82%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 100%
Peter Deutsch 94%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 55%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 95%
Julian Dixon 95%
Chris Dodd 94%
Robert Dole 5%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 6%
Calvin Dooley 68%
John Doolittle 11%
Byron Dorgan 83%
Robert Dornan 0%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 85%
Vern Ehlers 15%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 5%
Bill Emerson 0%
Philip English 30%
John Ensign 20%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 5%
Thomas Ewing 0%
Jim Exon 83%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 6%
Harris Fawell 0%
Victor Fazio 94%
Russ Feingold 94%
Cleo Fields 100%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Bob Filner 95%
Floyd Flake 100%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 10%
Thomas Foglietta 94%
Mark Foley 10%
Michael Patrick Forbes 33%
Harold Ford, Sr. 89%
Wendell Ford 83%
Tillie Fowler 16%
Jon David Fox 30%
Barney Frank 100%
Gary Franks 30%
Robert Franks 35%
Dan Frisa 10%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 95%
David Funderburk 10%
Elizabeth Furse 95%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 0%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 100%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Pete Geren 15%
Sam Gibbons 95%
Wayne Gilchrest 10%
Paul Gillmor 5%
Benjamin Gilman 63%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 89%
Henry Gonzalez 95%
William Goodling 10%
Bart Gordon 75%
Slade Gorton 11%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 78%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 6%
Enid Greene 0%
James Greenwood 16%
Judd Gregg 0%
Steven Gunderson 10%
Gilbert Gutknecht 5%
Tony Hall 93%
Lee Hamilton 75%
Melton Hancock 0%
James Hansen 5%
Jane Harman 75%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Mark Hatfield 20%
James Hayes 16%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 10%
W.G. Hefner 95%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 5%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 5%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 95%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 5%
Martin Hoke 5%
Thomas Holden 80%
Ernest Hollings 83%
Stephen Horn 30%
John Nathan Hostettler 5%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 37%
Duncan Hunter 5%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 5%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 5%
Daniel Inouye 94%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 5%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 95%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 80%
William Jefferson 95%
James Merrill Jeffords 28%
Nancy Johnson 21%
Harry Johnston 95%
J. Bennett Johnston 74%
Paul Kanjorski 95%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 15%
Sue Kelly 10%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 90%
Bob Kerrey 89%
Dale Kildee 95%
Jay Kim 0%
Gerald Kleczka 90%
Ronald Klink 100%
Scott Klug 30%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 78%
James Kolbe 0%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 95%
Ray LaHood 20%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 15%
Steve LaTourette 15%
Greg Laughlin 5%
Frank Lautenberg 94%
Rick Lazio 15%
James Leach 35%
Jerry Lewis 10%
Ron Lewis 10%
Joe Lieberman 78%
Jim Lightfoot 5%
Blanche Lincoln 42%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 90%
Robert Livingston 5%
James Longley, Jr. 15%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
William Luther 95%
Connie Mack 6%
Thomas Manton 95%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 95%
Bill Martini 30%
Frank Mascara 95%
Robert Matsui 95%
Karen McCarthy 95%
Bill McCollum 95%
James McCrery III 0%
Joseph McDade 33%
Paul McHale 85%
John McHugh 40%
Scott McInnis 10%
David McIntosh 5%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 88%
Martin Meehan 95%
Carrie Meek 94%
Jack Metcalf 30%
Jan Meyers 0%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 95%
Dan Miller 0%
David Minge 80%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 95%
Susan Molinari 0%
Alan Mollohan 100%
G.V. Montgomery 16%
Carlos Moorhead 0%
Constance Morella 50%
Carol Moseley Braun 89%
Patrick Moynihan 94%
Frank Murkowski 6%
Jack Murtha 95%
Sue Myrick 5%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 15%
Mark Neumann 25%
Robert William Ney 15%
Don Nickles 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
Sam Nunn 70%
James Nussle 0%
Jim Oberstar 100%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 95%
Bill Orton 65%
Major Owens 95%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ronald Packard 0%
Mike Parker 0%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 100%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 55%
Clay Pell 94%
Pete Peterson 75%
Owen Pickett 65%
Richard Pombo 5%
Earl Pomeroy 95%
John Edward Porter 10%
Glenn Poshard 90%
Larry Pressler 5%
Deborah Pryce 5%
David Pryor 90%
James Quillen 11%
Jack Quinn 68%
George Radanovich 5%
James Ramstad 10%
Ralph Regula 20%
Bill Richardson 95%
Frank Riggs 15%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 89%
Timothy Roemer 75%
Charles Rose III 79%
Toby Roth 0%
William Roth, Jr. 11%
Marge Roukema 47%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Rick Santorum 11%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 15%
Joe Scarborough 16%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Steven Schiff 22%
Pat Schroeder 100%
Andrea Seastrand 0%
John Shadegg 95%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 0%
Christopher Shays 30%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Paul Simon 95%
Alan Simpson 10%
Norman Sisisky 68%
David Skaggs 95%
Joseph Skeen 0%
Ike Skelton 85%
Linda Smith 16%
Nick Smith 0%
Bob Smith 16%
Olympia Snowe 22%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 21%
Mark Souder 26%
Arlen Specter 39%
Floyd Spence 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 90%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 5%
Charles Stenholm 50%
Ted Stevens 6%
Louis Stokes 100%
Gerry Studds 100%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 100%
James Talent 0%
John Tanner 71%
Randy Tate 10%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 6%
Gene Taylor 50%
Frank Tejeda 80%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 0%
Fred Thompson 0%
Ray Thornton 90%
Karen Thurman 95%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 10%
Peter Torkildsen 35%
Esteban Edward Torres 100%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 95%
James Traficant, Jr. 90%
Bruce Vento 100%
Harold Volkmer 75%
Barbara Vucanovich 0%
Robert Walker 0%
James Walsh 35%
Zach Wamp 10%
Michael Ward 100%
John Warner 6%
Mel Watt 95%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 5%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 17%
Gerald Weller 15%
Paul Wellstone 94%
Rick White 5%
Pat Williams 100%
Charles Wilson 80%
Bob Wise, Jr. 95%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Sidney Yates 100%
Bill Young 0%
Bill Zeliff 0%
Richard Zimmer 20%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.