Rating Group: United Auto Workers

1997 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 10%
Gary Ackerman 92%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 80%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 93%
Rob Andrews 93%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 79%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 92%
Bob Barr, Jr. 7%
Bill Barrett 21%
Roscoe Bartlett 7%
Charlie Bass 0%
Herbert Bateman 36%
Max Baucus 30%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 86%
Douglas Bereuter 14%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 93%
Brian Bilbray 14%
Michael Bilirakis 14%
Jeff Bingaman 70%
Rod Blagojevich 93%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 57%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 8%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 100%
Leonard Boswell 79%
Rick Boucher 92%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 79%
John Breaux 20%
George Brown, Jr. 92%
Richard Bryan 30%
Ed Bryant 0%
Dale Bumpers 80%
Jim Bunning 7%
Conrad Burns 10%
Dan Burton 7%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 90%
Herbert Callahan 14%
Ben Campbell 10%
Thomas Campbell 36%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 14%
Chris Cannon 8%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 50%
John Chafee 10%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 8%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 60%
Robert Clement 77%
Michael Collins 15%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 86%
Kent Conrad 60%
Merrill Cook 7%
John Cooksey 0%
Jerry Costello 100%
Paul Coverdell 20%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 71%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 8%
Randall Cunningham 7%
Alfonse D'Amato 30%
Patsy Ann Danner 86%
Thomas Daschle 80%
James Davis 86%
Thomas Davis III 36%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 86%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 57%
Jay Dickey 21%
Norm Dicks 86%
Julian Dixon 93%
Chris Dodd 70%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 71%
John Doolittle 7%
Byron Dorgan 90%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 86%
Vern Ehlers 21%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 7%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 50%
John Ensign 7%
Bob Etheridge 86%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 7%
Thomas Ewing 21%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 30%
Harris Fawell 43%
Victor Fazio 93%
Russ Feingold 80%
Bob Filner 93%
Thomas Foglietta 92%
Mark Foley 21%
Michael Patrick Forbes 54%
Harold Ford, Jr. 93%
Wendell Ford 90%
Tillie Fowler 14%
Jon David Fox 43%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 43%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 93%
Elizabeth Furse 93%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 14%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 36%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Jim Gibbons 8%
Wayne Gilchrest 31%
Paul Gillmor 21%
Benjamin Gilman 64%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 60%
Henry Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 29%
William Goodling 21%
Bart Gordon 86%
Slade Gorton 0%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 30%
William Phillip Gramm 10%
Rodney Grams 20%
James Greenwood 21%
Judd Gregg 0%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Tony Hall 92%
Lee Hamilton 86%
James Hansen 0%
Jane Harman 71%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 7%
W.G. Hefner 100%
Jesse Helms 20%
Wally Herger, Jr. 8%
Rick Hill 0%
Van Hilleary 7%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 29%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 85%
Ernest Hollings 89%
Darlene Hooley 86%
Stephen Horn 57%
John Nathan Hostettler 7%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 50%
Kenny Hulshof 7%
Duncan Hunter 8%
Asa Hutchinson 14%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 50%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 7%
Daniel Inouye 89%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 92%
James Merrill Jeffords 10%
William Lewis Jenkins 7%
Christopher John 64%
Jay Johnson 86%
Nancy Johnson 50%
Paul Kanjorski 93%
Sue Kelly 29%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 86%
Bob Kerrey 40%
Dale Kildee 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jay Kim 29%
Gerald Kleczka 79%
Ronald Klink 100%
Scott Klug 21%
Joseph Knollenberg 23%
Herb Kohl 40%
James Kolbe 8%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 93%
Ray LaHood 36%
Nicholas Lampson 86%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 43%
Frank Lautenberg 80%
Rick Lazio 38%
James Leach 50%
Jerry Lewis 43%
Ron Lewis 7%
Joe Lieberman 40%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 79%
Robert Livingston 36%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
William Luther 86%
Connie Mack 0%
James Maloney 86%
Thomas Manton 93%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 86%
Frank Mascara 100%
Robert Matsui 93%
Karen McCarthy 83%
Bill McCollum 7%
James McCrery III 14%
Joseph McDade 50%
Paul McHale 86%
John McHugh 36%
Scott McInnis 8%
David McIntosh 7%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 92%
Martin Meehan 92%
Carrie Meek 92%
Jack Metcalf 43%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 93%
Dan Miller 29%
David Minge 79%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 93%
Alan Mollohan 100%
Constance Morella 50%
Carol Moseley Braun 70%
Patrick Moynihan 30%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 83%
Sue Myrick 7%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 14%
Mark Neumann 0%
Robert William Ney 36%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 14%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 7%
James Nussle 0%
Jim Oberstar 92%
Dave Obey 93%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 93%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 21%
Ronald Packard 0%
Michael Pappas 29%
Mike Parker 14%
Ron Paul 7%
William Paxon 7%
Donald Payne 100%
Edward Pease 14%
John Peterson 0%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 7%
Owen Pickett 77%
Richard Pombo 7%
Earl Pomeroy 86%
John Edward Porter 46%
Glenn Poshard 93%
Deborah Pryce 8%
Jack Quinn 50%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 14%
Bill Redmond 0%
Ralph Regula 36%
Silvestre Reyes 93%
Frank Riggs 14%
Bob Riley 8%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 50%
Ciro Rodriguez 92%
Timothy Roemer 79%
James Rogan 8%
William Roth, Jr. 0%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 46%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 86%
Rick Santorum 10%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 29%
Joe Scarborough 7%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Robert Schaffer 7%
Steven Schiff 100%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 21%
Christopher Shays 50%
E.G. Shuster 8%
Norman Sisisky 86%
David Skaggs 93%
Joseph Skeen 7%
Ike Skelton 79%
Gordon Smith 0%
Linda Smith 29%
Nick Smith 14%
Robert Smith 0%
Bob Smith 10%
Vincent Snowbarger 0%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Vic Snyder 86%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 7%
Mark Souder 7%
Arlen Specter 50%
Floyd Spence 7%
John Spratt, Jr. 93%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 14%
Charles Stenholm 46%
Ted Stevens 10%
Louis Stokes 100%
Ted Strickland 100%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 100%
John Sununu 0%
James Talent 0%
John Tanner 57%
Ellen Tauscher 86%
William Tauzin 14%
Charles Taylor 8%
Gene Taylor 29%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 14%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 86%
Strom Thurmond 10%
Todd Tiahrt 7%
Esteban Edward Torres 100%
Robert Torricelli 90%
Ed Towns 91%
James Traficant, Jr. 64%
James Turner 79%
Bruce Vento 100%
James Walsh 36%
Zach Wamp 7%
John Warner 0%
Wesley Watkins 0%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 7%
David Weldon 7%
W. Curtis Weldon 43%
Gerald Weller 21%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 100%
Rick White 7%
Bob Wise, Jr. 93%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Sidney Yates 100%
Bill Young 33%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 93%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 86%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 93%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 60%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 93%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 93%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 90%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 92%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 92%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 93%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 93%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 92%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 93%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 79%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 93%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 93%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 93%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 60%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 93%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 80%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 93%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 92%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 93%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 80%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 80%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 86%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 40%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 67%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 90%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 93%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 93%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 93%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 93%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 93%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 92%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 93%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 71%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 90%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 79%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 80%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 93%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 93%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 93%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 92%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 90%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 70%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 93%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 92%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 86%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 93%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 92%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 92%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 86%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 92%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 86%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 93%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 86%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 70%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 86%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 7%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 7%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 7%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 21%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 14%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 21%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 14%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 8%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 10%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 7%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 7%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 7%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 10%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 23%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 7%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 7%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 14%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 10%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 7%
OH Governor John Kasich R 8%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 57%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 7%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 57%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 10%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 14%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 36%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 14%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 7%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 46%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 7%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 7%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 7%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 14%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 10%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 21%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 57%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 7%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 21%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 15%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 36%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 14%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.