Rating Group: Gun Owners of America

2011 Key Votes Alignment on Gun Rights - Federal Vote Scorecard - 112th Congress, First Session

Issues: Guns
State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 25%
Sandy Adams 75%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Todd Akin 100%
Rodney Alexander 75%
Jason Altmire 25%
Rob Andrews 25%
Steve Austria 75%
Kelly Ayotte 75%
Joe Baca, Sr. 0%
Michele Bachmann 100%
Spencer Bachus 75%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 57%
John Barrow 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 75%
Max Baucus 14%
Mark Begich 0%
Dan Benishek 100%
Rick Berg 75%
Shelley Berkley 0%
Howard Berman 25%
Judy Biggert 75%
Brian Bilbray 75%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
Tim Bishop 0%
John Boehner 100%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 75%
Mary Bono Mack 75%
Dan Boren 50%
Leonard Boswell 0%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 75%
Barbara Boxer 0%
Bruce Braley 0%
Paul Broun 75%
Corrine Brown 25%
Scott Brown 50%
Ann Marie Buerkle 75%
Dan Burton 100%
Dave Camp 75%
John Campbell III 75%
Francisco Canseco 75%
Eric Cantor 75%
Lois Capps 0%
Dennis Cardoza 0%
Russ Carnahan 25%
Saxby Chambliss 63%
Ben Chandler III 0%
Hansen Clarke 25%
Dan Coats 75%
Howard Coble 75%
Thomas Coburn 71%
Kent Conrad 0%
Jerry Costello 25%
Chip Cravaack 75%
Ander Crenshaw 75%
Mark Critz 25%
Geoff Davis 75%
James DeMint 88%
Norm Dicks 0%
John Dingell 0%
Bob Dold 75%
David Dreier 75%
Donna Edwards 25%
Renee Ellmers 75%
Jo Ann Emerson 75%
John Ensign 100%
Sam Farr 25%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 0%
Bob Filner 25%
Stephen Fincher 75%
Mike Fitzpatrick 75%
John Fleming, Jr. 100%
Randy Forbes 75%
Barney Frank 25%
Elton Gallegly 75%
Scott Garrett 100%
Jim Gerlach 75%
Chris Gibson 75%
Phil Gingrey 100%
Charlie Gonzalez 0%
Michael Grimm 75%
Frank Guinta 75%
Kay Hagan 0%
Ralph Hall 100%
Richard Hanna 75%
Tom Harkin 0%
Jane Harman 0%
Doc Hastings 75%
Nan Hayworth 75%
Joe Heck, Jr. 75%
Wally Herger, Jr. 75%
Maurice Hinchey 25%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 33%
Thomas Holden 0%
Rush Holt, Jr. 25%
Mike Honda 33%
Tim Huelskamp 100%
Robert Hurt 75%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Steve Israel 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 25%
Mike Johanns 63%
Timothy Johnson 0%
Tim Johnson 100%
John Kerry 0%
Dale Kildee 0%
Jack Kingston 75%
Mark Kirk 50%
Larry Kissell 0%
John Kline 75%
Herb Kohl 0%
Dennis Kucinich 25%
Jon Kyl 50%
Mary Landrieu 0%
Tom Latham 75%
Steve LaTourette 75%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Chris Lee 100%
Carl Levin 13%
Jerry Lewis 75%
Joe Lieberman 0%
Dick Lugar 63%
Cynthia Lummis 75%
Dan Lungren 75%
Connie Mack IV 100%
Don Manzullo 75%
Jim Matheson 0%
Carolyn McCarthy 0%
Thaddeus McCotter 100%
Jim McDermott 25%
Mike McIntyre 75%
Buck McKeon 75%
John Mica 75%
Mike Michaud 0%
Barbara Mikulski 0%
Candice Miller 75%
Gary Miller 75%
George Miller 25%
Jeff Miller 75%
Brad Miller 0%
Jim Moran, Jr. 0%
Sue Myrick 75%
Ben Nelson 13%
Randy Neugebauer 75%
Rich Nugent 75%
Alan Nunnelee 75%
John Olver 25%
Bill Owens 0%
Ed Pastor 25%
Ron Paul 100%
Donald Payne 25%
Tom Petri 75%
Joe Pitts 100%
Todd Platts 75%
Mike Pompeo 75%
Mark Pryor 0%
Ben Quayle 67%
Nick Rahall II 0%
Charlie Rangel 25%
Denny Rehberg 100%
Harry Reid 0%
Silvestre Reyes 25%
Reid Ribble 75%
Laura Richardson 25%
Scott Rigell 100%
David Rivera 75%
Jay Rockefeller IV 13%
Mike Rogers 75%
Mike Ross 25%
Steve Rothman 0%
Jon Runyan 75%
Loretta Sanchez 0%
Bobby Schilling 75%
Jean Schmidt 100%
Aaron Schock 75%
Allyson Schwartz 0%
Heath Shuler 0%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Steve Southerland 100%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Marlin Stutzman 100%
John Sullivan 100%
Betty Sutton 25%
Lee Terry 75%
John Tierney 25%
Ed Towns 25%
Mark Udall 0%
David Vitter 71%
Joe Walsh 100%
Mel Watt 25%
Henry Waxman 25%
Jim Webb, Jr. 0%
Anthony Weiner 25%
Allen West 100%
Lynn Westmoreland 75%
Ed Whitfield 75%
Frank Wolf 75%
Lynn Woolsey 25%
David Wu 0%
Bill Young 75%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 25%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 25%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 25%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 25%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 0%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 25%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 0%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 0%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 0%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 0%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 0%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 25%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 25%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 25%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 25%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 25%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 25%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 25%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 25%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 0%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 0%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 0%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 25%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 25%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 25%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 25%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 0%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 25%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 25%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 0%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 0%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 25%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 25%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 25%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 25%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 25%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 25%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 25%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 25%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 0%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 0%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 0%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 25%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 25%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 25%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 25%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 25%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 0%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 0%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 0%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 25%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 25%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 25%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 25%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 25%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 0%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 25%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 25%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 25%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 25%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 25%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 0%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 33%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 25%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 25%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 33%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 0%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 25%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 13%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 25%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 33%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 25%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 25%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 25%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 25%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 0%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 0%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 25%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 25%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 25%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 25%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 25%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 0%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 25%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 0%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 0%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 25%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 25%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 25%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 33%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 0%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 0%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 0%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 25%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 0%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 0%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 13%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 25%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 0%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 25%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 25%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 25%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 0%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 0%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 25%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 0%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 33%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 0%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 25%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 13%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 75%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 38%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 100%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 75%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 75%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 75%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 75%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 75%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 75%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 63%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 71%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 75%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 75%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 75%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 75%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 75%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 75%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 75%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 75%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 75%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 75%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 63%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 75%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 75%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 38%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 75%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 63%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 63%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 88%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 75%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 67%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 75%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 75%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 75%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 75%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 75%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 75%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 75%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 75%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 75%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 75%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 75%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 75%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 75%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 75%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 75%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 75%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 75%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 75%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 50%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 75%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 75%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 75%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 75%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 75%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 75%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 75%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 100%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 75%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 83%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 100%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 75%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 75%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 63%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 100%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 75%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 75%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 88%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 63%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 75%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 75%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 75%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 75%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 75%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 75%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 100%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 75%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 75%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 100%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 75%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 100%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 100%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 75%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 75%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 75%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 88%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 75%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 75%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 75%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 75%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 75%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 50%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 75%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 75%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 75%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 63%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 75%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 75%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 67%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 75%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 83%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 100%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 25%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 75%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 67%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 75%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 75%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 75%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 88%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 75%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 100%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 100%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 63%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 75%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price R 75%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 75%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 67%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 75%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 88%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 71%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 75%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 75%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 75%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 75%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 75%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 75%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 75%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 75%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 75%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 75%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 75%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 75%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 75%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 75%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 75%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 75%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 63%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 67%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 75%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 75%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 75%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 75%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 75%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 75%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 75%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 75%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 75%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 50%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 75%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 63%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 75%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 75%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 75%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 75%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 63%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 100%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 75%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 75%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 75%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 75%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 75%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 75%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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