Rating Group: Americans for Better Immigration

1989-2002 Lifetime Score

Issues: Immigration
State Office Name Party Rating
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 100%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 100%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
Tom Tancredo 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 99%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 99%
Jo Ann Emerson 99%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 99%
Dan Burton 98%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 98%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 98%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 96%
Terry Everett 96%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 96%
Joel Hefley 96%
Wally Herger, Jr. 96%
Duncan Hunter 96%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 95%
Richard Hugh Baker 95%
Roscoe Bartlett 95%
Douglas Bereuter 95%
Robert Byrd 95%
Larry Combest 95%
Elton Gallegly 95%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 95%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 95%
John Shadegg 95%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 94%
Michael Bilirakis 94%
John Doolittle 94%
J. Dennis Hastert 94%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 94%
Ric Keller 94%
Cliff Stearns 94%
Zach Wamp 94%
Eric Cantor 93%
Jo Ann Davis 93%
Jim Saxton 93%
Charles Stenholm 93%
Charles Taylor 93%
Gene Taylor 93%
Michael Collins 92%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 92%
Cass Ballenger 91%
Christopher Cox 91%
Barbara Cubin 91%
Porter Goss 91%
James Greenwood 91%
Robert Hayes 91%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 91%
John Sullivan 91%
Randall Cunningham 90%
James McCrery III 90%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 89%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 88%
Ron Lewis 88%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 88%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 87%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 87%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 87%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 87%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 87%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 86%
John Nathan Hostettler 86%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 86%
Charlie Bass 85%
John Peterson 85%
James Talent 85%
John Tanner 85%
William Tauzin 85%
Mark Foley 84%
John Linder 84%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 83%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 83%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 83%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 83%
Jim Bunning 82%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 82%
Wayne Gilchrest 82%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 82%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 81%
James Ramstad 81%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 81%
Bill Young 81%
George Allen 80%
Zell Bryan Miller 80%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 79%
Ernest Hollings 79%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 79%
Jon Corzine 78%
Jim Gibbons 78%
Gilbert Gutknecht 78%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 78%
Richard Pombo 78%
Philip Crane 77%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 76%
William Lipinski 76%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 76%
David Dreier 75%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 75%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 75%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 74%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 74%
Ralph Regula 74%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 74%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 74%
Christopher Shays 73%
Paul Gillmor 72%
Craig Thomas 72%
Gerald Weller 72%
Steve Buyer 71%
Thomas DeLay 71%
Robert William Ney 71%
Thomas Holden 70%
Ben Nelson 70%
Edward Schrock 70%
Jon Kyl 69%
George Radanovich 69%
David Weldon 69%
Larry Craig 68%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 67%
David Lee Hobson 67%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 66%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 66%
William Lewis Jenkins 66%
James Kolbe 66%
W. Curtis Weldon 66%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 65%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 64%
George Voinovich 64%
James DeMint 63%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 63%
Blanche Lincoln 63%
James Nussle 63%
Earl Pomeroy 63%
Robert Cramer 62%
Michael Oxley 62%
Donald Sherwood 62%
Mike Castle 61%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 61%
Todd Akin 60%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 60%
John Breaux 60%
Jennifer Dunn 60%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 60%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 60%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 60%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 60%
Henry Brown, Jr. 59%
Peter Fitzgerald 59%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 59%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 58%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 57%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 57%
Brad Carson 57%
Kenny Hulshof 57%
James Merrill Jeffords 57%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 57%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 56%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 56%
James Leach 56%
Dave Obey 56%
John Sununu 56%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 56%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 55%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 55%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 55%
Vern Ehlers 55%
Michael Ferguson 55%
Maurice Hinchey 55%
Todd Platts 55%
Denny Rehberg 55%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 55%
Jim Ryun 55%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 55%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 55%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 55%
Jerry Lewis 54%
Anne Northup 54%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 53%
Ron Paul 53%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 53%
Rick Boucher 52%
Kent Conrad 52%
Jane Harman 52%
Pete Hoekstra 52%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 52%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 52%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 52%
Conrad Burns 51%
William Thomas 51%
Henry Hyde 50%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 50%
Don Manzullo 50%
John Sweeney 50%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 49%
Henry Bonilla 48%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 48%
Mark Green 47%
Dennis Moore 47%
Bob Etheridge 46%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 46%
Max Baucus 43%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 43%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 43%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 43%
John Spratt, Jr. 43%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 42%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 42%
Todd Tiahrt 42%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 41%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 41%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 40%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 40%
Ted Strickland 40%
Sue Kelly 39%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 39%
Daniel Inouye 38%
Karen McCarthy 38%
Bart Stupak 38%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 38%
Thomas Allen 37%
Judy Biggert 37%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 37%
Ernest Fletcher 37%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 37%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 37%
Ken Lucas 37%
Thomas Reynolds 37%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 36%
Evan Bayh 35%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 35%
Bart Gordon 35%
Darlene Hooley 35%
Christopher John 35%
Mary Bono Mack 34%
Hillary Clinton 34%
Nancy Johnson 34%
Scott McInnis 34%
Kit Bond 33%
Harold Ford, Jr. 33%
Melissa Hart 33%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 33%
Mark Kennedy 33%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 33%
Ray LaHood 33%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 33%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 33%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 32%
Paul Kanjorski 32%
Gerald Kleczka 32%
Trent Lott, Sr. 32%
Gordon Smith 32%
Julia Carson 31%
Joe Lieberman 31%
Ted Stevens 31%
Ben Campbell 30%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 30%
Sue Myrick 30%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 30%
Olympia Snowe 30%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 29%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 29%
Joseph Knollenberg 29%
Jack Murtha 29%
Nick Smith 29%
Diane Watson 29%
Wayne Allard 28%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 28%
Jack Quinn 28%
Anthony Weiner 28%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 27%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 27%
Judd Gregg 27%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 27%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 27%
Deborah Pryce 27%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 27%
Sherwood Boehlert 26%
Kay Hutchison 26%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 26%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 26%
Steve Rothman 26%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 26%
Ike Skelton 26%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 25%
Leonard Boswell 25%
Chris Cannon 25%
Byron Dorgan 25%
John Ensign 25%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 25%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 25%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 25%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 25%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 25%
Arlen Specter 25%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 24%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 24%
Chet Edwards 24%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 24%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 24%
Dick Lugar 24%
Don Nickles 24%
Rick Santorum 24%
Robert Wexler 24%
Heather Wilson 24%
Marion Berry 23%
Russ Feingold 23%
William Frist 23%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 23%
Herb Kohl 23%
Dennis Kucinich 23%
Steve LaTourette 23%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 23%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 23%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 23%
John Warner 23%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 22%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 22%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 22%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 22%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 22%
Tom Lantos 22%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 22%
Paul Sarbanes 22%
Jeff Bingaman 21%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 21%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 21%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 21%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 21%
Thomas Davis III 21%
Philip English 21%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 21%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 21%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 21%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 21%
Alan Mollohan 21%
Thomas William Osborne 21%
Mike Ross 21%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 21%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 21%
Norm Dicks 20%
Tim Johnson 20%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 20%
Dale Kildee 20%
Nicholas Lampson 20%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 20%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 20%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 20%
Bill Delahunt 19%
Baron Hill 19%
John McHugh 19%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 19%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 19%
James Turner 19%
Bob Bennett 18%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 18%
Jerry Costello 18%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 18%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 18%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 18%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 18%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 18%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 18%
Doug Ose 18%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 18%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 18%
James Walsh 18%
David Wu 18%
John Edwards 17%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 17%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 17%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 17%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 17%
Rob Andrews 16%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 16%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 16%
Frank Lautenberg 16%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 16%
Ellen Tauscher 16%
Thomas Daschle 15%
Chris Dodd 15%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 15%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 15%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 15%
Patrick Kennedy 15%
Martin Meehan 15%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 15%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 15%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 15%
Brian Baird 14%
Howard Berman 14%
Peter Deutsch 14%
Bob Filner 14%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 14%
Michael McNulty 14%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 14%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 14%
Mark Souder 14%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 14%
Gary Ackerman 13%
Shelley Berkley 13%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 13%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 13%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 13%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 13%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 13%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 13%
Albert Wynn 13%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 12%
James Davis 12%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 12%
Barney Frank 12%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 12%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 12%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 12%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 12%
Martin Olav Sabo 12%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 12%
Vic Snyder 12%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 11%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 11%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 11%
Jonas Frost III 11%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 11%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 11%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 10%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 10%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 10%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 10%
William Jefferson 10%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 10%
John Olver 10%
Ciro Rodriguez 10%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 10%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 10%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 10%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 9%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 9%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 8%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 8%
Calvin Dooley 8%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 8%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 8%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 8%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 8%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 8%
Lynn Woolsey 8%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 8%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 7%
Mel Watt 7%
Lane Evans 6%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 6%
Jim Oberstar 6%
Donald Payne 6%
Silvestre Reyes 6%
Ed Towns 6%
Joe Baca, Sr. 5%
Charlie Gonzalez 5%
Daniel Graham 5%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 5%
Robert Matsui 5%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 5%
Major Owens 5%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 5%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 4%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 4%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 4%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 4%
Hilda Solis 4%
Pete Stark 2%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 1%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.