Rating Group: Americans for Better Immigration

1989-2002 Lifetime Score

Issues: Immigration
State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 40%
Gary Ackerman 13%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 57%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 25%
Todd Akin 60%
Wayne Allard 28%
George Allen 80%
Thomas Allen 37%
Rob Andrews 16%
Joe Baca, Sr. 5%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 95%
Brian Baird 14%
Richard Hugh Baker 95%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 27%
Cass Ballenger 91%
Roscoe Bartlett 95%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 94%
Charlie Bass 85%
Max Baucus 43%
Evan Bayh 35%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 8%
Bob Bennett 18%
Douglas Bereuter 95%
Shelley Berkley 13%
Howard Berman 14%
Marion Berry 23%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 22%
Judy Biggert 37%
Michael Bilirakis 94%
Jeff Bingaman 21%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 27%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 11%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 60%
Sherwood Boehlert 26%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 55%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 48%
Mary Bono Mack 34%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 57%
Leonard Boswell 25%
Rick Boucher 52%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 40%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 83%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 64%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 22%
John Breaux 60%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 10%
Henry Brown, Jr. 59%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 11%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 18%
Jim Bunning 82%
Conrad Burns 51%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 74%
Dan Burton 98%
Steve Buyer 71%
Robert Byrd 95%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 87%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 82%
Ben Campbell 30%
Chris Cannon 25%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 93%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 55%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 12%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 13%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 21%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 28%
Brad Carson 57%
Julia Carson 31%
Mike Castle 61%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 37%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 56%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 86%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 16%
Hillary Clinton 34%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 10%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 96%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 29%
Michael Collins 92%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 43%
Larry Combest 95%
Kent Conrad 52%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 8%
Jon Corzine 78%
Jerry Costello 18%
Christopher Cox 91%
Larry Craig 68%
Robert Cramer 62%
Philip Crane 77%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 74%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 55%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 13%
Barbara Cubin 91%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 21%
Randall Cunningham 90%
Thomas Daschle 15%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 21%
James Davis 12%
Jo Ann Davis 93%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 21%
Thomas Davis III 21%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 99%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 79%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 22%
Bill Delahunt 19%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 18%
Thomas DeLay 71%
James DeMint 63%
Peter Deutsch 14%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 18%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 11%
Norm Dicks 20%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 24%
Chris Dodd 15%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 12%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 24%
Calvin Dooley 8%
John Doolittle 94%
Byron Dorgan 25%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 35%
David Dreier 75%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 99%
Jennifer Dunn 60%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 15%
John Edwards 17%
Chet Edwards 24%
Vern Ehlers 55%
Jo Ann Emerson 99%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 15%
Philip English 21%
John Ensign 25%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 32%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 22%
Bob Etheridge 46%
Lane Evans 6%
Terry Everett 96%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 17%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 13%
Russ Feingold 23%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 56%
Michael Ferguson 55%
Bob Filner 14%
Peter Fitzgerald 59%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 58%
Ernest Fletcher 37%
Mark Foley 84%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 66%
Harold Ford, Jr. 33%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 37%
Barney Frank 12%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 88%
William Frist 23%
Jonas Frost III 11%
Elton Gallegly 95%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 16%
Jim Gibbons 78%
Wayne Gilchrest 82%
Paul Gillmor 72%
Charlie Gonzalez 5%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 99%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 96%
Bart Gordon 35%
Porter Goss 91%
Daniel Graham 5%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 83%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 49%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 67%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 66%
Mark Green 47%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 10%
James Greenwood 91%
Judd Gregg 27%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 9%
Gilbert Gutknecht 78%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 24%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 95%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 18%
Jane Harman 52%
Melissa Hart 33%
J. Dennis Hastert 94%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 8%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 75%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 21%
Robert Hayes 91%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 30%
Joel Hefley 96%
Wally Herger, Jr. 96%
Baron Hill 19%
Maurice Hinchey 55%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 5%
David Lee Hobson 67%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 14%
Pete Hoekstra 52%
Thomas Holden 70%
Ernest Hollings 79%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 8%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 1%
Darlene Hooley 35%
John Nathan Hostettler 86%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 43%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 15%
Kenny Hulshof 57%
Duncan Hunter 96%
Kay Hutchison 26%
Henry Hyde 50%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 50%
Daniel Inouye 38%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 18%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 60%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 33%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 37%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 76%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 10%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 9%
William Jefferson 10%
James Merrill Jeffords 57%
William Lewis Jenkins 66%
Christopher John 35%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 26%
Nancy Johnson 34%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 94%
Tim Johnson 20%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 29%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 91%
Paul Kanjorski 32%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 22%
Ric Keller 94%
Sue Kelly 39%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 17%
Mark Kennedy 33%
Patrick Kennedy 15%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 20%
Dale Kildee 20%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 23%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 42%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 12%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 92%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 33%
Gerald Kleczka 32%
Joseph Knollenberg 29%
Herb Kohl 23%
James Kolbe 66%
Dennis Kucinich 23%
Jon Kyl 69%
Ray LaHood 33%
Nicholas Lampson 20%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 26%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 33%
Tom Lantos 22%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 21%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 18%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 63%
Steve LaTourette 23%
Frank Lautenberg 16%
James Leach 56%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 20%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 10%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 24%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 21%
Jerry Lewis 54%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 6%
Ron Lewis 88%
Joe Lieberman 31%
Blanche Lincoln 63%
John Linder 84%
William Lipinski 76%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 52%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 8%
Trent Lott, Sr. 32%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 25%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 78%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 37%
Dick Lugar 24%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 36%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 25%
Don Manzullo 50%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 12%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 27%
Robert Matsui 5%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 25%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 16%
Karen McCarthy 38%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 21%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 23%
James McCrery III 90%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 5%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 12%
John McHugh 19%
Scott McInnis 34%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 46%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 87%
Michael McNulty 14%
Martin Meehan 15%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 18%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 13%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 59%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 42%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 20%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 61%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 27%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 57%
Zell Bryan Miller 80%
Alan Mollohan 21%
Dennis Moore 47%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 43%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 52%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 15%
Jack Murtha 29%
Sue Myrick 30%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 11%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 4%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 30%
Ben Nelson 70%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 75%
Robert William Ney 71%
Don Nickles 24%
Anne Northup 54%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 95%
James Nussle 63%
Jim Oberstar 6%
Dave Obey 56%
John Olver 10%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 4%
Thomas William Osborne 21%
Doug Ose 18%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 53%
Major Owens 5%
Michael Oxley 62%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 19%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 25%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 8%
Ron Paul 53%
Donald Payne 6%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 5%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 60%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 81%
John Peterson 85%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 76%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 83%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 52%
Todd Platts 55%
Richard Pombo 78%
Earl Pomeroy 63%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 22%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 12%
Deborah Pryce 27%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 53%
Jack Quinn 28%
George Radanovich 69%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 23%
James Ramstad 81%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 4%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 17%
Ralph Regula 74%
Denny Rehberg 55%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 74%
Silvestre Reyes 6%
Thomas Reynolds 37%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 74%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 25%
Ciro Rodriguez 10%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 87%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 55%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 89%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 7%
Mike Ross 21%
Steve Rothman 26%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 13%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 98%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 27%
Jim Ryun 55%
Martin Olav Sabo 12%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 11%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 8%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 14%
Rick Santorum 24%
Paul Sarbanes 22%
Jim Saxton 93%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 4%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 21%
Edward Schrock 70%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 26%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 15%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 87%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 14%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 48%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 98%
John Shadegg 95%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 87%
Christopher Shays 73%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 83%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 18%
Donald Sherwood 62%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 55%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 55%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 33%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 41%
Ike Skelton 26%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 13%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 12%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 19%
Gordon Smith 32%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 82%
Nick Smith 29%
Olympia Snowe 30%
Vic Snyder 12%
Hilda Solis 4%
Mark Souder 14%
Arlen Specter 25%
John Spratt, Jr. 43%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 60%
Pete Stark 2%
Cliff Stearns 94%
Charles Stenholm 93%
Ted Stevens 31%
Ted Strickland 40%
Bart Stupak 38%
John Sullivan 91%
John Sununu 56%
John Sweeney 50%
James Talent 85%
Tom Tancredo 100%
John Tanner 85%
Ellen Tauscher 16%
William Tauzin 85%
Charles Taylor 93%
Gene Taylor 93%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 18%
Craig Thomas 72%
William Thomas 51%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 10%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 14%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 65%
Todd Tiahrt 42%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 38%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 15%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 55%
Ed Towns 6%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 20%
James Turner 19%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 21%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 23%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 39%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 10%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 41%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 56%
George Voinovich 64%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 60%
James Walsh 18%
Zach Wamp 94%
John Warner 23%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 10%
Diane Watson 29%
Mel Watt 7%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 17%
Anthony Weiner 28%
David Weldon 69%
W. Curtis Weldon 66%
Gerald Weller 72%
Robert Wexler 24%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 81%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 79%
Heather Wilson 24%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 88%
Lynn Woolsey 8%
David Wu 18%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 8%
Albert Wynn 13%
Bill Young 81%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 86%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.