Rating Group: Americans for Better Immigration

1989-2002 Lifetime Score

Issues: Immigration
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 86%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 83%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 48%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 57%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 95%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 57%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 25%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 58%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 8%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 56%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 40%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 14%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 27%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 5%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 10%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 1%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 22%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 8%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 17%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 12%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 87%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 21%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 18%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 61%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 4%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 17%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 8%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 98%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 13%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 87%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 10%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 11%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 89%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 37%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 21%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 21%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 22%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 18%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 18%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 28%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 57%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 55%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 10%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 59%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 8%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 7%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 53%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 86%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 60%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 92%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 27%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 6%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 99%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 40%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 67%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 18%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 63%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 74%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 41%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 53%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 15%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 33%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 9%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 21%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 4%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 55%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 41%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 60%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 74%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 52%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 18%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 23%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 81%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 87%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 37%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 26%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 56%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 12%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 30%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 12%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 15%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 13%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 36%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 42%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 21%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 15%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 21%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 43%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 24%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 60%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 82%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 39%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 55%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 21%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 24%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 8%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 21%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 81%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 60%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 16%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 66%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 29%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 79%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 10%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 22%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 24%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 20%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 74%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 91%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 12%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 96%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 46%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 18%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 13%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 52%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 19%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 19%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 25%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 88%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 8%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 23%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 74%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 26%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 12%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 33%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 16%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 18%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 10%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 11%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 25%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 4%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 13%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 14%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 15%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 25%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 13%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 11%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 22%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 37%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 55%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 22%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 38%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 18%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 50%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 78%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 8%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 60%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 11%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 79%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 55%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 22%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 13%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 55%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 35%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 52%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 14%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 17%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 33%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 56%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 83%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 10%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 29%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 99%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 94%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 95%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 94%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 100%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 64%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 49%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 65%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 5%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 9%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 82%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 10%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 26%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 98%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 12%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 21%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 27%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 15%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 66%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 96%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 93%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 43%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 88%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 20%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 8%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 15%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 21%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 75%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 5%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 12%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 18%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 27%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 27%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 42%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 87%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 76%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 25%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 55%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 23%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 32%
Gary Ackerman 13%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 25%
Todd Akin 60%
Wayne Allard 28%
George Allen 80%
Thomas Allen 37%
Rob Andrews 16%
Joe Baca, Sr. 5%
Brian Baird 14%
Richard Hugh Baker 95%
Cass Ballenger 91%
Roscoe Bartlett 95%
Charlie Bass 85%
Max Baucus 43%
Evan Bayh 35%
Bob Bennett 18%
Douglas Bereuter 95%
Shelley Berkley 13%
Howard Berman 14%
Marion Berry 23%
Judy Biggert 37%
Michael Bilirakis 94%
Jeff Bingaman 21%
Sherwood Boehlert 26%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 48%
Mary Bono Mack 34%
Leonard Boswell 25%
Rick Boucher 52%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 83%
John Breaux 60%
Henry Brown, Jr. 59%
Jim Bunning 82%
Conrad Burns 51%
Dan Burton 98%
Steve Buyer 71%
Robert Byrd 95%
Ben Campbell 30%
Chris Cannon 25%
Brad Carson 57%
Julia Carson 31%
Mike Castle 61%
Hillary Clinton 34%
Michael Collins 92%
Larry Combest 95%
Kent Conrad 52%
Jon Corzine 78%
Jerry Costello 18%
Christopher Cox 91%
Larry Craig 68%
Robert Cramer 62%
Philip Crane 77%
Barbara Cubin 91%
Randall Cunningham 90%
Thomas Daschle 15%
James Davis 12%
Jo Ann Davis 93%
Thomas Davis III 21%
Bill Delahunt 19%
Thomas DeLay 71%
James DeMint 63%
Peter Deutsch 14%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 11%
Norm Dicks 20%
Chris Dodd 15%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 24%
Calvin Dooley 8%
John Doolittle 94%
Byron Dorgan 25%
David Dreier 75%
Jennifer Dunn 60%
John Edwards 17%
Chet Edwards 24%
Vern Ehlers 55%
Jo Ann Emerson 99%
Philip English 21%
John Ensign 25%
Bob Etheridge 46%
Lane Evans 6%
Terry Everett 96%
Russ Feingold 23%
Michael Ferguson 55%
Bob Filner 14%
Peter Fitzgerald 59%
Ernest Fletcher 37%
Mark Foley 84%
Harold Ford, Jr. 33%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 37%
Barney Frank 12%
William Frist 23%
Jonas Frost III 11%
Elton Gallegly 95%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 16%
Jim Gibbons 78%
Wayne Gilchrest 82%
Paul Gillmor 72%
Charlie Gonzalez 5%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 99%
Bart Gordon 35%
Porter Goss 91%
Daniel Graham 5%
Mark Green 47%
James Greenwood 91%
Judd Gregg 27%
Gilbert Gutknecht 78%
Jane Harman 52%
Melissa Hart 33%
J. Dennis Hastert 94%
Robert Hayes 91%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 30%
Joel Hefley 96%
Wally Herger, Jr. 96%
Baron Hill 19%
Maurice Hinchey 55%
David Lee Hobson 67%
Pete Hoekstra 52%
Thomas Holden 70%
Ernest Hollings 79%
Darlene Hooley 35%
John Nathan Hostettler 86%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 43%
Kenny Hulshof 57%
Duncan Hunter 96%
Kay Hutchison 26%
Henry Hyde 50%
Daniel Inouye 38%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 76%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 10%
William Jefferson 10%
James Merrill Jeffords 57%
William Lewis Jenkins 66%
Christopher John 35%
Nancy Johnson 34%
Tim Johnson 20%
Paul Kanjorski 32%
Ric Keller 94%
Sue Kelly 39%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 17%
Mark Kennedy 33%
Patrick Kennedy 15%
Dale Kildee 20%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 23%
Gerald Kleczka 32%
Joseph Knollenberg 29%
Herb Kohl 23%
James Kolbe 66%
Dennis Kucinich 23%
Jon Kyl 69%
Ray LaHood 33%
Nicholas Lampson 20%
Tom Lantos 22%
Steve LaTourette 23%
Frank Lautenberg 16%
James Leach 56%
Jerry Lewis 54%
Ron Lewis 88%
Joe Lieberman 31%
Blanche Lincoln 63%
John Linder 84%
William Lipinski 76%
Trent Lott, Sr. 32%
Dick Lugar 24%
Don Manzullo 50%
Robert Matsui 5%
Karen McCarthy 38%
James McCrery III 90%
John McHugh 19%
Scott McInnis 34%
Michael McNulty 14%
Martin Meehan 15%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 20%
Zell Bryan Miller 80%
Alan Mollohan 21%
Dennis Moore 47%
Jack Murtha 29%
Sue Myrick 30%
Ben Nelson 70%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 75%
Robert William Ney 71%
Don Nickles 24%
Anne Northup 54%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 95%
James Nussle 63%
Jim Oberstar 6%
Dave Obey 56%
John Olver 10%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 4%
Thomas William Osborne 21%
Doug Ose 18%
Major Owens 5%
Michael Oxley 62%
Ron Paul 53%
Donald Payne 6%
John Peterson 85%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 83%
Todd Platts 55%
Richard Pombo 78%
Earl Pomeroy 63%
Deborah Pryce 27%
Jack Quinn 28%
George Radanovich 69%
James Ramstad 81%
Ralph Regula 74%
Denny Rehberg 55%
Silvestre Reyes 6%
Thomas Reynolds 37%
Ciro Rodriguez 10%
Mike Ross 21%
Steve Rothman 26%
Jim Ryun 55%
Martin Olav Sabo 12%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 14%
Rick Santorum 24%
Paul Sarbanes 22%
Jim Saxton 93%
Edward Schrock 70%
John Shadegg 95%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 87%
Christopher Shays 73%
Donald Sherwood 62%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 33%
Ike Skelton 26%
Gordon Smith 32%
Nick Smith 29%
Olympia Snowe 30%
Vic Snyder 12%
Hilda Solis 4%
Mark Souder 14%
Arlen Specter 25%
John Spratt, Jr. 43%
Pete Stark 2%
Cliff Stearns 94%
Charles Stenholm 93%
Ted Stevens 31%
Ted Strickland 40%
Bart Stupak 38%
John Sullivan 91%
John Sununu 56%
John Sweeney 50%
James Talent 85%
Tom Tancredo 100%
John Tanner 85%
Ellen Tauscher 16%
William Tauzin 85%
Charles Taylor 93%
Gene Taylor 93%
Craig Thomas 72%
William Thomas 51%
Todd Tiahrt 42%
Ed Towns 6%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 20%
James Turner 19%
George Voinovich 64%
James Walsh 18%
Zach Wamp 94%
John Warner 23%
Diane Watson 29%
Mel Watt 7%
Anthony Weiner 28%
David Weldon 69%
W. Curtis Weldon 66%
Gerald Weller 72%
Robert Wexler 24%
Heather Wilson 24%
Lynn Woolsey 8%
David Wu 18%
Albert Wynn 13%
Bill Young 81%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.