Rating Group: Americans for Better Immigration

1989-2001 Lifetime Score

Issues: Immigration
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 86%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 83%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 48%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 78%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 95%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 85%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 25%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 81%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 7%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 65%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 40%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 0%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 26%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 4%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 9%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 14%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 21%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 8%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 17%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 87%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 14%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 12%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 0%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 16%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 7%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 98%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 13%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 87%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 7%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 88%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 36%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 14%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 13%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 17%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 14%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 18%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 28%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 85%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 85%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 8%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 34%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 7%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 6%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 63%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 87%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 85%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 90%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 26%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 4%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 99%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 40%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 67%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 18%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 64%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 74%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 52%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 71%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 17%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 36%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 7%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 8%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 17%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 78%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 41%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 85%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 74%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 78%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 22%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 23%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 82%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 76%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 48%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 26%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 77%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 10%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 29%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 5%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 5%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 42%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 20%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 14%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 17%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 43%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 35%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 24%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 60%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 84%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 40%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 85%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 20%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 22%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 5%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 14%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 80%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 90%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 0%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 85%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 29%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 80%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 8%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 22%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 38%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 20%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 75%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 91%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 10%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 96%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 62%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 14%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 12%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 52%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 18%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 18%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 25%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 91%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 16%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 74%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 26%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 11%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 36%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 10%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 16%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 8%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 7%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 24%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 4%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 13%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 13%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 24%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 12%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 8%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 21%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 35%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 55%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 22%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 42%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 30%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 21%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 50%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 79%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 8%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 85%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 70%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 75%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 16%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 11%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 85%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 35%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 78%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 17%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 36%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 28%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 73%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 8%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 29%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 78%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 99%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 93%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 96%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 97%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 85%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 88%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 69%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 65%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 5%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 6%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 82%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 8%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 25%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 98%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 10%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 25%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 24%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 11%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 85%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 96%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 85%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 14%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 89%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 20%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 8%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 15%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 14%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 75%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 3%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 8%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 17%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 16%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 24%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 56%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 86%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 72%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 46%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 25%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 85%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 21%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 32%
Gary Ackerman 12%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 25%
Todd Akin 85%
Wayne Allard 28%
George Allen 80%
Thomas Allen 43%
Rob Andrews 15%
Richard Armey 36%
Joe Baca, Sr. 0%
Brian Baird 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 95%
Cass Ballenger 91%
James Barcia 40%
Bob Barr, Jr. 96%
Roscoe Bartlett 94%
Charlie Bass 88%
Max Baucus 43%
Evan Bayh 35%
Bob Bennett 18%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 38%
Douglas Bereuter 95%
Shelley Berkley 0%
Howard Berman 13%
Marion Berry 17%
Judy Biggert 48%
Michael Bilirakis 94%
Jeff Bingaman 21%
Rod Blagojevich 17%
Sherwood Boehlert 25%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 48%
David Edward Bonior 4%
Mary Bono Mack 41%
Robert Borski, Jr. 21%
Leonard Boswell 23%
Rick Boucher 51%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 78%
John Breaux 60%
Henry Brown, Jr. 85%
Ed Bryant 88%
Jim Bunning 82%
Conrad Burns 51%
Dan Burton 97%
Steve Buyer 71%
Robert Byrd 95%
Herbert Callahan 93%
Ben Campbell 30%
Chris Cannon 19%
Jean Carnahan 100%
Brad Carson 16%
Julia Carson 37%
Mike Castle 62%
Eva Clayton 7%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 12%
Robert Clement 77%
Hillary Clinton 78%
Michael Collins 94%
Larry Combest 95%
Gary Condit 42%
Kent Conrad 52%
John Cooksey 97%
Jon Corzine 100%
Jerry Costello 17%
Christopher Cox 91%
William Coyne 8%
Larry Craig 68%
Robert Cramer 63%
Philip Crane 78%
Barbara Cubin 91%
Randall Cunningham 91%
Thomas Daschle 22%
James Davis 8%
Jo Ann Davis 95%
Thomas Davis III 20%
Bill Delahunt 12%
Thomas DeLay 72%
James DeMint 100%
Peter Deutsch 13%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 9%
Norm Dicks 18%
Chris Dodd 22%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 24%
Calvin Dooley 8%
John Doolittle 94%
Byron Dorgan 25%
David Dreier 76%
Jennifer Dunn 61%
John Edwards 30%
Chet Edwards 23%
Vern Ehlers 55%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 82%
Jo Ann Emerson 99%
Philip English 21%
John Ensign 25%
Bob Etheridge 62%
Lane Evans 4%
Terry Everett 96%
Russ Feingold 23%
Michael Ferguson 85%
Bob Filner 13%
Peter Fitzgerald 59%
Ernest Fletcher 48%
Mark Foley 84%
Harold Ford, Jr. 24%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 42%
Barney Frank 12%
William Frist 23%
Jonas Frost III 11%
Elton Gallegly 97%
John Ganske 81%
George Gekas 87%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 16%
Jim Gibbons 78%
Wayne Gilchrest 83%
Paul Gillmor 72%
Benjamin Gilman 19%
Charlie Gonzalez 0%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 99%
Bart Gordon 34%
Porter Goss 92%
Daniel Graham 8%
William Phillip Gramm 38%
Mark Green 63%
James Greenwood 92%
Judd Gregg 27%
Felix Grucci, Jr. 42%
Gilbert Gutknecht 77%
Tony Hall 23%
James Hansen 90%
Jane Harman 52%
Melissa Hart 24%
J. Dennis Hastert 94%
Robert Hayes 90%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 31%
Joel Hefley 96%
Jesse Helms 65%
Wally Herger, Jr. 96%
Baron Hill 14%
Van Hilleary 80%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 47%
Maurice Hinchey 55%
David Lee Hobson 68%
Pete Hoekstra 54%
Thomas Holden 43%
Ernest Hollings 79%
Darlene Hooley 41%
Stephen Horn 97%
John Nathan Hostettler 86%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 43%
Kenny Hulshof 78%
Duncan Hunter 96%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 53%
Kay Hutchison 26%
Henry Hyde 50%
Daniel Inouye 38%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 79%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 9%
William Jefferson 8%
James Merrill Jeffords 57%
William Lewis Jenkins 38%
Christopher John 46%
Nancy Johnson 34%
Tim Johnson 29%
Paul Kanjorski 31%
Ric Keller 85%
Sue Kelly 39%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 20%
Mark Kennedy 36%
Patrick Kennedy 13%
Brian Kerns 96%
Dale Kildee 19%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 21%
Gerald Kleczka 31%
Joseph Knollenberg 29%
Herb Kohl 23%
James Kolbe 67%
Dennis Kucinich 21%
Jon Kyl 69%
John LaFalce 16%
Ray LaHood 33%
Nicholas Lampson 17%
Tom Lantos 22%
Steve LaTourette 23%
James Leach 56%
Jerry Lewis 55%
Ron Lewis 90%
Joe Lieberman 31%
Blanche Lincoln 63%
John Linder 86%
William Lipinski 76%
Trent Lott, Sr. 32%
Dick Lugar 24%
William Luther 40%
James Maloney 34%
Don Manzullo 50%
Frank Mascara 39%
Robert Matsui 3%
Karen McCarthy 38%
James McCrery III 92%
John McHugh 18%
Scott McInnis 36%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 15%
Michael McNulty 13%
Martin Meehan 13%
Carrie Meek 8%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 17%
Dan Miller 36%
Zell Bryan Miller 80%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 12%
Alan Mollohan 19%
Dennis Moore 14%
Constance Morella 4%
Frank Murkowski 24%
Jack Murtha 29%
Sue Myrick 31%
Ben Nelson 70%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 74%
Robert William Ney 71%
Don Nickles 24%
Anne Northup 71%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 95%
James Nussle 64%
Jim Oberstar 4%
Dave Obey 55%
John Olver 8%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 3%
Thomas William Osborne 14%
Doug Ose 14%
Major Owens 4%
Michael Oxley 62%
Ron Paul 67%
Donald Payne 4%
John Peterson 78%
David Phelps 30%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 78%
Todd Platts 85%
Richard Pombo 80%
Earl Pomeroy 64%
Deborah Pryce 27%
Jack Quinn 28%
George Radanovich 69%
James Ramstad 81%
Ralph Regula 75%
Denny Rehberg 85%
Silvestre Reyes 5%
Thomas Reynolds 48%
Bob Riley 67%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 42%
Ciro Rodriguez 16%
Timothy Roemer 38%
Mike Ross 14%
Steve Rothman 24%
Marge Roukema 97%
Jim Ryun 78%
Martin Olav Sabo 11%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 12%
Rick Santorum 24%
Paul Sarbanes 22%
Jim Saxton 92%
Robert Schaffer 78%
Edward Schrock 96%
John Shadegg 96%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 88%
Christopher Shays 73%
Donald Sherwood 100%
Ronnie Shows 100%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 36%
Joseph Skeen 86%
Ike Skelton 25%
Gordon Smith 32%
Nick Smith 30%
Bob Smith 48%
Olympia Snowe 30%
Vic Snyder 0%
Hilda Solis 0%
Mark Souder 13%
Arlen Specter 25%
John Spratt, Jr. 43%
Pete Stark 1%
Cliff Stearns 94%
Charles Stenholm 93%
Ted Stevens 31%
Ted Strickland 49%
Bob Stump 96%
Bart Stupak 38%
John Sullivan 100%
John Sununu 58%
John Sweeney 80%
Tom Tancredo 100%
John Tanner 86%
Ellen Tauscher 10%
William Tauzin 85%
Charles Taylor 94%
Gene Taylor 92%
Craig Thomas 72%
William Thomas 22%
Fred Thompson 20%
Karen Thurman 24%
Strom Thurmond 25%
Todd Tiahrt 42%
Robert Torricelli 27%
Ed Towns 4%
James Traficant, Jr. 98%
James Turner 12%
George Voinovich 64%
James Walsh 17%
Zach Wamp 93%
John Warner 23%
Wesley Watkins 92%
Diane Watson 0%
Mel Watt 7%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 75%
Anthony Weiner 15%
David Weldon 56%
W. Curtis Weldon 44%
Gerald Weller 73%
Paul Wellstone 23%
Robert Wexler 19%
Heather Wilson 19%
Lynn Woolsey 7%
David Wu 14%
Albert Wynn 11%
Bill Young 83%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.