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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)

1997 Positions

Issues: Labor Unions
State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 100%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 100%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 100%
Rick Boucher 100%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
Robert Byrd 100%
Julia Carson 100%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
Jerry Costello 100%
William Coyne 100%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
Bill Delahunt 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
Peter Deutsch 100%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 100%
Julian Dixon 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
Lane Evans 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Barney Frank 100%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 100%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 100%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 100%
William Jefferson 100%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 100%
Paul Kanjorski 100%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Dale Kildee 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 100%
Ronald Klink 100%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
John LaFalce 100%
Tom Lantos 100%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
Frank Mascara 100%
Robert Matsui 100%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 100%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 100%
Alan Mollohan 100%
Jack Murtha 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 100%
Jim Oberstar 100%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 100%
Major Owens 100%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 100%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 100%
Donald Payne 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 100%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
Silvestre Reyes 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Steve Rothman 100%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 100%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 100%
Pete Stark 100%
Ted Strickland 100%
Bart Stupak 100%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 100%
Ed Towns 100%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
Bruce Vento 100%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
Mel Watt 100%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 100%
Bob Wise, Jr. 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
James Barcia 88%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 88%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 88%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 88%
James Davis 88%
Norm Dicks 88%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 88%
Chet Edwards 88%
Bob Etheridge 88%
Tony Hall 88%
Darlene Hooley 88%
Gerald Kleczka 88%
Nicholas Lampson 88%
William Luther 88%
Matthew Martinez 88%
Karen McCarthy 88%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 88%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 88%
Earl Pomeroy 88%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 88%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 88%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 88%
Vic Snyder 88%
John Spratt, Jr. 88%
Ellen Tauscher 88%
Karen Thurman 88%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 88%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 86%
Byron Dorgan 86%
Russ Feingold 86%
Thomas Holden 86%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 86%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 86%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 86%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 86%
Robert Torricelli 86%
Ernest Hollings 83%
Daniel Inouye 83%
Leonard Boswell 75%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 75%
Robert Clement 75%
Gary Condit 75%
Robert Cramer 75%
Patsy Ann Danner 75%
Philip English 75%
Benjamin Gilman 75%
Bart Gordon 75%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 75%
William Lipinski 75%
James Maloney 75%
David Minge 75%
Owen Pickett 75%
Timothy Roemer 75%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 75%
Norman Sisisky 75%
Ike Skelton 75%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 75%
James Traficant, Jr. 75%
James Turner 75%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 71%
Thomas Daschle 71%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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