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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)

1997 Positions

Issues: Labor Unions
State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 14%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 71%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 88%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 25%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Herbert Bateman 25%
Max Baucus 29%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 88%
Douglas Bereuter 29%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 100%
Brian Bilbray 13%
Michael Bilirakis 14%
Jeff Bingaman 57%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 63%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 100%
Leonard Boswell 75%
Rick Boucher 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 75%
John Breaux 14%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Richard Bryan 29%
Ed Bryant 0%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 14%
Dan Burton 13%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 100%
Herbert Callahan 14%
Ben Campbell 29%
Thomas Campbell 38%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 13%
Chris Cannon 13%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 38%
John Chafee 14%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 57%
Robert Clement 75%
Michael Collins 13%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 75%
Kent Conrad 57%
Merrill Cook 0%
John Cooksey 0%
Jerry Costello 100%
Paul Coverdell 29%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 75%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Patsy Ann Danner 75%
Thomas Daschle 71%
James Davis 88%
Thomas Davis III 38%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 63%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 88%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 57%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 50%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 86%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 88%
Vern Ehlers 13%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 75%
Bob Etheridge 88%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 14%
Thomas Ewing 25%
Russ Feingold 86%
Bob Filner 100%
Mark Foley 25%
Michael Patrick Forbes 50%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Tillie Fowler 0%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 38%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 13%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 25%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Jim Gibbons 0%
Wayne Gilchrest 0%
Paul Gillmor 13%
Benjamin Gilman 75%
Newt Gingrich 0%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 13%
William Goodling 13%
Bart Gordon 75%
Slade Gorton 0%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 29%
William Phillip Gramm 14%
Rodney Grams 14%
James Greenwood 13%
Judd Gregg 0%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Tony Hall 88%
James Hansen 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Jesse Helms 14%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 13%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 13%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 86%
Ernest Hollings 83%
Darlene Hooley 88%
Stephen Horn 50%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 50%
Kenny Hulshof 13%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 25%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 25%
Daniel Inouye 83%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 100%
James Merrill Jeffords 0%
William Lewis Jenkins 13%
Christopher John 38%
Nancy Johnson 50%
Paul Kanjorski 100%
Sue Kelly 38%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Bob Kerrey 43%
Dale Kildee 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Gerald Kleczka 88%
Ronald Klink 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 13%
Herb Kohl 29%
James Kolbe 0%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 100%
Ray LaHood 38%
Nicholas Lampson 88%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 50%
Frank Lautenberg 71%
Rick Lazio 50%
James Leach 50%
Jerry Lewis 38%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 29%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 75%
Robert Livingston 25%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
William Luther 88%
Connie Mack 0%
James Maloney 75%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 88%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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