Rating Group: Children's Defense Fund

1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Thomas Allen 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
Howard Berman 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 100%
David Edward Bonior 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
John Breaux 100%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
Richard Bryan 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
Kent Conrad 100%
William Coyne 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
Thomas Daschle 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
James Davis 100%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Norm Dicks 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Calvin Dooley 100%
Byron Dorgan 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
Chet Edwards 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
Benjamin Gilman 100%
Tony Hall 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
Dale Kildee 100%
Nicholas Lampson 100%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 100%
Tom Lantos 100%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
Joe Lieberman 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
Robert Matsui 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
Constance Morella 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 100%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
Owen Pickett 100%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
Charles Robb 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 100%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
Norman Sisisky 100%
Ike Skelton 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
Charles Stenholm 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
Robert Torricelli 100%
James Turner 100%
Bruce Vento 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
Bob Weygand 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Max Baucus 89%
Robert Byrd 89%
Daniel Graham 89%
Daniel Inouye 89%
Bob Kerrey 89%
Herb Kohl 89%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 89%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 89%
Patrick Moynihan 89%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 89%
Paul Wellstone 89%
Rob Andrews 88%
James Barcia 88%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 88%
Marion Berry 88%
Leonard Boswell 88%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 88%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 88%
Julia Carson 88%
William Clay, Sr. 88%
Eva Clayton 88%
Gary Condit 88%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 88%
Robert Cramer 88%
Thomas Davis III 88%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 88%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 88%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 88%
Peter Deutsch 88%
Julian Dixon 88%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 88%
Bob Etheridge 88%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 88%
Barney Frank 88%
Jonas Frost III 88%
Sam Gejdenson 88%
Bart Gordon 88%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 88%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 88%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 88%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 88%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 88%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 88%
Gerald Kleczka 88%
Dennis Kucinich 88%
John LaFalce 88%
James Leach 88%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 88%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 88%
Frank Mascara 88%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 88%
John McHugh 88%
Michael McNulty 88%
Martin Meehan 88%
Carrie Meek 88%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 88%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 88%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 88%
Jack Murtha 88%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 88%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 88%
Jim Oberstar 88%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 88%
Donald Payne 88%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 88%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 88%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 88%
James Ramstad 88%
Timothy Roemer 88%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 88%
Vic Snyder 88%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 88%
Pete Stark 88%
Ted Strickland 88%
Ellen Tauscher 88%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 88%
James Traficant, Jr. 88%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 88%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 88%
Mel Watt 88%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 88%
Bob Wise, Jr. 88%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 83%
Russ Feingold 78%
Ernest Hollings 78%
James Merrill Jeffords 78%
Arlen Specter 78%
Gary Ackerman 75%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 75%
Rod Blagojevich 75%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 75%
Sherwood Boehlert 75%
Robert Borski, Jr. 75%
Rick Boucher 75%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 75%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 75%
Thomas Campbell 75%
Jerry Costello 75%
Jay Dickey 75%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 75%
Jo Ann Emerson 75%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 75%
Philip English 75%
Lane Evans 75%
Bob Filner 75%
Michael Patrick Forbes 75%
Harold Ford, Jr. 75%
Robert Franks 75%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 75%
Wayne Gilchrest 75%
Paul Gillmor 75%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 75%
Darlene Hooley 75%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 75%
Kenny Hulshof 75%
Asa Hutchinson 75%
Nancy Johnson 75%
Paul Kanjorski 75%
Sue Kelly 75%
Steve LaTourette 75%
Rick Lazio 75%
William Lipinski 75%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 75%
William Luther 75%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 75%
Matthew Martinez 75%
Karen McCarthy 75%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 75%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 75%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 75%
David Minge 75%
Alan Mollohan 75%
James Nussle 75%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 75%
Major Owens 75%
Edward Pease 75%
Earl Pomeroy 75%
Jack Quinn 75%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 75%
Silvestre Reyes 75%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 75%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 75%
Steve Rothman 75%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 75%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 75%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 75%
Joseph Skeen 75%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 75%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 75%
Mark Souder 75%
John Spratt, Jr. 75%
John Tanner 75%
Karen Thurman 75%
Gerald Weller 75%
Robert Wexler 75%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 75%
Mary Bono Mack 67%
Ben Campbell 67%
John Chafee 67%
Olympia Snowe 67%
John Warner 67%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 63%
Richard Armey 63%
Bill Barrett 63%
Douglas Bereuter 63%
Brian Bilbray 63%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 63%
Henry Bonilla 63%
Ed Bryant 63%
Jim Bunning 63%
Dan Burton 63%
Steve Buyer 63%
Herbert Callahan 63%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 63%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 63%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 63%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 63%
Larry Combest 63%
John Cooksey 63%
Christopher Cox 63%
Barbara Cubin 63%
Randall Cunningham 63%
Patsy Ann Danner 63%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 63%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 63%
Jennifer Dunn 63%
Vern Ehlers 63%
Terry Everett 63%
Thomas Ewing 63%
Mark Foley 63%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 63%
Tillie Fowler 63%
Elton Gallegly 63%
George Gekas 63%
Jim Gibbons 63%
William Goodling 63%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 63%
James Greenwood 63%
Gilbert Gutknecht 63%
J. Dennis Hastert 63%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 63%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 63%
Rick Hill 63%
David Lee Hobson 63%
Thomas Holden 63%
Stephen Horn 63%
William Jefferson 63%
William Lewis Jenkins 63%
Christopher John 63%
OH Governor John Kasich R 63%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 63%
Joseph Knollenberg 63%
James Kolbe 63%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 63%
Jerry Lewis 63%
Ron Lewis 63%
John Linder 63%
Robert Livingston 63%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 63%
James Maloney 63%
Bill McCollum 63%
James McCrery III 63%
Scott McInnis 63%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 63%
Jack Metcalf 63%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 63%
John Moakley 63%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 63%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 63%
Robert William Ney 63%
Anne Northup 63%
Michael Oxley 63%
Ronald Packard 63%
John Peterson 63%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 63%
Richard Pombo 63%
John Edward Porter 63%
Ralph Regula 63%
Bob Riley 63%
James Rogan 63%
Christopher Shays 63%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 63%
E.G. Shuster 63%
Floyd Spence 63%
Bart Stupak 63%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 63%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 63%
Ed Towns 63%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 63%
James Walsh 63%
Wesley Watkins 63%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 63%
W. Curtis Weldon 63%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 63%
Heather Wilson 60%
Bob Bennett 56%
Kit Bond 56%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 56%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 56%
Kay Hutchison 56%
Ted Stevens 56%
Bill Archer 50%
Richard Hugh Baker 50%
Cass Ballenger 50%
Roscoe Bartlett 50%
Charlie Bass 50%
Herbert Bateman 50%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 50%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 50%
Chris Cannon 50%
Mike Castle 50%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 50%
David Dreier 50%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 50%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 50%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 50%
John Ganske 50%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 50%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 50%
Wally Herger, Jr. 50%
Van Hilleary 50%
Pete Hoekstra 50%
Duncan Hunter 50%
Henry Hyde 50%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 50%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 50%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 50%
Ronald Klink 50%
Ray LaHood 50%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 50%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 50%
Sue Myrick 50%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 50%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 50%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 50%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 50%
George Radanovich 50%
Jim Ryun 50%
Robert Schaffer 50%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 50%
John Shadegg 50%
Nick Smith 50%
John Sununu 50%
James Talent 50%
William Tauzin 50%
Charles Taylor 50%
Gene Taylor 50%
William Thomas 50%
Zach Wamp 50%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 50%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 50%
Bill Young 50%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 44%
Conrad Burns 44%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 44%
Paul Coverdell 44%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 44%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 44%
William Roth, Jr. 44%
Gordon Smith 44%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 38%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 38%
Michael Bilirakis 38%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 38%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 38%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 38%
Merrill Cook 38%
Thomas DeLay 38%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 38%
Porter Goss 38%
James Hansen 38%
Joel Hefley 38%
John Nathan Hostettler 38%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 38%
Stephen Largent 38%
David McIntosh 38%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 38%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 38%
Marge Roukema 38%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 38%
Jim Saxton 38%
Todd Tiahrt 38%
David Weldon 38%
Larry Craig 33%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 33%
Slade Gorton 33%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 33%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 33%
Frank Murkowski 33%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 33%
Bob Barr, Jr. 25%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 25%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 25%
Michael Collins 25%
Philip Crane 25%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 25%
John Doolittle 25%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 25%
Don Manzullo 25%
Dan Miller 25%
Deborah Pryce 25%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 25%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 25%
Joe Scarborough 25%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 25%
Cliff Stearns 25%
Bob Stump 25%
Wayne Allard 22%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 22%
William Frist 22%
Judd Gregg 22%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 22%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 22%
Trent Lott, Sr. 22%
Connie Mack 22%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 22%
Rick Santorum 22%
Craig Thomas 22%
Fred Thompson 22%
Strom Thurmond 22%
Newt Gingrich 13%
John Ashcroft 11%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 11%
William Phillip Gramm 11%
Rodney Grams 11%
Jon Kyl 11%
Dick Lugar 11%
Bob Smith 11%
Jesse Helms 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
Don Nickles 0%
Ron Paul 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.