Rating Group: Children's Defense Fund

1999 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 13%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 20%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 26%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 86%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 53%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 53%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 40%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 13%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 33%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 53%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 20%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 100%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 50%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 93%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 60%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 93%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 40%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 20%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 40%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 40%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 93%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 93%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 53%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 6%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 40%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 46%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 53%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 46%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 46%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 93%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 93%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 93%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 13%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 40%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 40%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 53%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 33%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 86%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 93%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 86%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 86%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 46%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 86%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 40%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 86%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 93%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 46%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 53%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 93%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 93%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 46%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 93%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 93%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 46%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 93%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 73%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 40%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 80%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 93%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 53%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 53%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 86%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 93%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 46%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 46%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 46%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 93%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 86%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 53%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 73%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 80%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 80%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 53%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 40%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 93%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 46%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 73%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 46%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 66%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 73%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 86%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 73%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 80%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 80%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 93%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 93%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 93%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 93%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 93%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 93%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 86%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 86%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 40%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 46%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 73%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 40%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 53%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 93%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 86%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 93%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 46%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 33%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 93%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 53%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 33%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 60%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 33%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 60%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 46%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 40%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 86%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 93%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 40%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 73%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 40%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 93%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 93%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 46%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 93%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 66%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 40%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 80%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 73%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 53%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 93%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 40%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 53%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 80%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 46%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 93%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 13%
OH Governor John Kasich R 46%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 93%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 60%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 60%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 20%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 60%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 93%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 53%
Gary Ackerman 93%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 13%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 53%
Richard Armey 46%
John Ashcroft 13%
Brian Baird 80%
Richard Hugh Baker 46%
Cass Ballenger 46%
James Barcia 73%
Bob Barr, Jr. 33%
Bill Barrett 53%
Roscoe Bartlett 46%
Charlie Bass 53%
Herbert Bateman 73%
Max Baucus 86%
Evan Bayh 100%
Bob Bennett 40%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 86%
Douglas Bereuter 66%
Shelley Berkley 86%
Howard Berman 86%
Marion Berry 93%
Judy Biggert 53%
Brian Bilbray 80%
Michael Bilirakis 60%
Jeff Bingaman 93%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 53%
Sherwood Boehlert 73%
Kit Bond 13%
Henry Bonilla 33%
David Edward Bonior 93%
Mary Bono Mack 66%
Robert Borski, Jr. 93%
Leonard Boswell 80%
Rick Boucher 80%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 73%
John Breaux 93%
Richard Bryan 100%
Ed Bryant 46%
Jim Bunning 13%
Conrad Burns 13%
Dan Burton 33%
Steve Buyer 46%
Robert Byrd 93%
Herbert Callahan 33%
Ben Campbell 46%
Thomas Campbell 60%
Chris Cannon 46%
Julia Carson 66%
Mike Castle 80%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 20%
William Clay, Sr. 80%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 80%
Michael Collins 40%
Larry Combest 40%
Gary Condit 80%
Kent Conrad 100%
Merrill Cook 60%
John Cooksey 46%
Jerry Costello 80%
Paul Coverdell 26%
Christopher Cox 46%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 13%
Robert Cramer 73%
Philip Crane 40%
Barbara Cubin 40%
Randall Cunningham 46%
Patsy Ann Danner 66%
Thomas Daschle 100%
James Davis 93%
Thomas Davis III 80%
Bill Delahunt 93%
Thomas DeLay 40%
James DeMint 40%
Peter Deutsch 86%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 73%
Jay Dickey 53%
Norm Dicks 93%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 33%
Calvin Dooley 93%
John Doolittle 40%
Byron Dorgan 100%
David Dreier 53%
Jennifer Dunn 60%
John Edwards 100%
Chet Edwards 93%
Vern Ehlers 60%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 53%
Jo Ann Emerson 46%
Philip English 53%
Bob Etheridge 86%
Lane Evans 86%
Terry Everett 33%
Thomas Ewing 53%
Russ Feingold 86%
Bob Filner 93%
Peter Fitzgerald 46%
Ernest Fletcher 40%
Mark Foley 66%
Michael Patrick Forbes 80%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 66%
Tillie Fowler 53%
Barney Frank 93%
Robert Franks 80%
William Frist 40%
Jonas Frost III 73%
Elton Gallegly 60%
John Ganske 73%
Sam Gejdenson 93%
George Gekas 53%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Jim Gibbons 53%
Wayne Gilchrest 66%
Paul Gillmor 53%
Benjamin Gilman 66%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 26%
William Goodling 60%
Bart Gordon 80%
Slade Gorton 20%
Porter Goss 53%
Daniel Graham 100%
William Phillip Gramm 13%
Rodney Grams 13%
Mark Green 53%
James Greenwood 73%
Judd Gregg 26%
Gilbert Gutknecht 46%
Tony Hall 93%
James Hansen 40%
J. Dennis Hastert 6%
Robert Hayes 46%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 40%
Joel Hefley 53%
Jesse Helms 13%
Wally Herger, Jr. 40%
Baron Hill 73%
Rick Hill 40%
Van Hilleary 46%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 80%
Maurice Hinchey 86%
David Lee Hobson 46%
Pete Hoekstra 46%
Thomas Holden 73%
Ernest Hollings 93%
Darlene Hooley 86%
Stephen Horn 80%
John Nathan Hostettler 40%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 26%
Kenny Hulshof 40%
Duncan Hunter 46%
Asa Hutchinson 46%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 40%
Kay Hutchison 33%
Henry Hyde 66%
Daniel Inouye 93%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 40%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 80%
James Merrill Jeffords 66%
William Lewis Jenkins 53%
Christopher John 80%
Nancy Johnson 73%
Paul Kanjorski 86%
Sue Kelly 73%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 93%
Bob Kerrey 100%
Dale Kildee 93%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 93%
Gerald Kleczka 100%
Ronald Klink 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 53%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 53%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
Steven Kuykendall 73%
Jon Kyl 13%
John LaFalce 100%
Ray LaHood 46%
Nicholas Lampson 80%
Tom Lantos 86%
Stephen Largent 33%
Steve LaTourette 60%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 66%
James Leach 80%
Jerry Lewis 40%
Ron Lewis 40%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 100%
John Linder 46%
William Lipinski 73%
Trent Lott, Sr. 20%
Dick Lugar 40%
William Luther 93%
Connie Mack 13%
James Maloney 93%
Don Manzullo 40%
Matthew Martinez 93%
Frank Mascara 80%
Robert Matsui 93%
Karen McCarthy 93%
Bill McCollum 66%
James McCrery III 40%
John McHugh 66%
Scott McInnis 46%
David McIntosh 46%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 86%
Michael McNulty 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 93%
Jack Metcalf 46%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 60%
David Minge 60%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 86%
John Moakley 100%
Alan Mollohan 60%
Dennis Moore 93%
Constance Morella 93%
Patrick Moynihan 66%
Frank Murkowski 20%
Jack Murtha 86%
Sue Myrick 53%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 40%
Robert William Ney 46%
Don Nickles 13%
Anne Northup 60%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 53%
James Nussle 46%
Jim Oberstar 86%
Dave Obey 80%
John Olver 86%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 80%
Doug Ose 66%
Major Owens 93%
Michael Oxley 53%
Ronald Packard 33%
Ron Paul 6%
Donald Payne 93%
Edward Pease 60%
John Peterson 33%
David Phelps 80%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 40%
Owen Pickett 80%
Richard Pombo 40%
Earl Pomeroy 86%
John Edward Porter 73%
Deborah Pryce 60%
Jack Quinn 80%
George Radanovich 40%
James Ramstad 73%
Ralph Regula 60%
Silvestre Reyes 73%
Thomas Reynolds 60%
Bob Riley 40%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 93%
Charles Robb 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 93%
Timothy Roemer 80%
James Rogan 60%
William Roth, Jr. 40%
Steve Rothman 93%
Marge Roukema 73%
Jim Ryun 40%
Martin Olav Sabo 93%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 66%
Rick Santorum 26%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 60%
Joe Scarborough 26%
Robert Schaffer 33%
John Shadegg 26%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 73%
Christopher Shays 73%
Donald Sherwood 60%
Ronnie Shows 73%
E.G. Shuster 46%
Norman Sisisky 73%
Joseph Skeen 40%
Ike Skelton 73%
Gordon Smith 46%
Nick Smith 46%
Bob Smith 13%
Olympia Snowe 73%
Vic Snyder 86%
Mark Souder 46%
Arlen Specter 66%
Floyd Spence 46%
John Spratt, Jr. 93%
Pete Stark 86%
Cliff Stearns 53%
Charles Stenholm 73%
Ted Stevens 20%
Ted Strickland 80%
Bob Stump 26%
Bart Stupak 100%
John Sununu 46%
John Sweeney 66%
James Talent 53%
Tom Tancredo 53%
John Tanner 73%
Ellen Tauscher 93%
William Tauzin 46%
Charles Taylor 33%
Gene Taylor 73%
Craig Thomas 6%
William Thomas 26%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 93%
Strom Thurmond 20%
Todd Tiahrt 46%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 86%
James Traficant, Jr. 80%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 93%
James Turner 73%
Bruce Vento 100%
George Voinovich 33%
James Walsh 66%
Zach Wamp 46%
John Warner 53%
Wesley Watkins 33%
Mel Watt 93%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 40%
Anthony Weiner 80%
David Weldon 60%
W. Curtis Weldon 66%
Gerald Weller 60%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 93%
Bob Weygand 93%
Heather Wilson 66%
Bob Wise, Jr. 80%
Lynn Woolsey 93%
David Wu 93%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 66%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.