Rating Group: National Farmers Union

1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 44%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 22%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 90%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 90%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 56%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 60%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 67%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 40%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 56%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 50%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 90%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 86%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 78%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 50%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 44%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 50%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 56%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 57%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 88%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 67%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 56%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 22%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 10%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 33%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 90%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 78%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 78%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 50%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 80%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 78%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 90%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 50%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 67%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 67%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 44%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 13%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 67%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 88%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 89%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 78%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 78%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 56%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 89%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 67%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 13%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 56%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 88%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 89%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 22%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 89%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 67%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 88%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 38%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 33%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 78%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 67%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 67%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 78%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 67%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 67%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 56%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 67%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 67%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 78%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 89%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 67%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 89%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 56%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 44%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 89%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 89%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 78%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 88%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 67%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 89%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 75%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 44%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 44%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 78%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 56%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 44%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 63%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 56%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 89%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 67%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 78%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 89%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 75%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 67%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 11%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 63%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 56%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 75%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 63%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 50%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 71%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 71%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 38%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 22%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 44%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 44%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 56%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 38%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 44%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 56%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 56%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 56%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 89%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 56%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 56%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 89%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 33%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 50%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 44%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 56%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 89%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 88%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 67%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 11%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 33%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 78%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 56%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 89%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 50%
OH Governor John Kasich R 22%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 67%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 50%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 67%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 50%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 67%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 89%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 40%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 40%
Thomas Allen 78%
Rob Andrews 56%
Bill Archer 11%
Richard Armey 25%
John Ashcroft 40%
Richard Hugh Baker 56%
Cass Ballenger 56%
James Barcia 89%
Bob Barr, Jr. 22%
Bill Barrett 78%
Roscoe Bartlett 38%
Charlie Bass 22%
Herbert Bateman 57%
Max Baucus 100%
Bob Bennett 50%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 78%
Douglas Bereuter 89%
Howard Berman 78%
Marion Berry 67%
Brian Bilbray 44%
Michael Bilirakis 56%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Rod Blagojevich 67%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 44%
Sherwood Boehlert 44%
Kit Bond 50%
Henry Bonilla 56%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Mary Bono Mack 38%
Robert Borski, Jr. 67%
Leonard Boswell 89%
Rick Boucher 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 89%
John Breaux 80%
George Brown, Jr. 89%
Richard Bryan 100%
Ed Bryant 56%
Jim Bunning 56%
Conrad Burns 80%
Dan Burton 50%
Steve Buyer 67%
Robert Byrd 90%
Herbert Callahan 50%
Ben Campbell 40%
Thomas Campbell 33%
Chris Cannon 0%
Julia Carson 89%
Mike Castle 44%
John Chafee 60%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 67%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 89%
Michael Collins 11%
Larry Combest 56%
Gary Condit 88%
Kent Conrad 100%
Merrill Cook 56%
John Cooksey 56%
Jerry Costello 88%
Paul Coverdell 30%
Christopher Cox 22%
William Coyne 67%
Larry Craig 50%
Robert Cramer 100%
Philip Crane 11%
Barbara Cubin 56%
Randall Cunningham 71%
Patsy Ann Danner 78%
Thomas Daschle 100%
James Davis 89%
Thomas Davis III 44%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 25%
Peter Deutsch 75%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 67%
Jay Dickey 33%
Norm Dicks 89%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Calvin Dooley 67%
John Doolittle 56%
Byron Dorgan 100%
David Dreier 56%
Jennifer Dunn 33%
Chet Edwards 78%
Vern Ehlers 33%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 22%
Jo Ann Emerson 67%
Philip English 33%
Bob Etheridge 78%
Lane Evans 89%
Terry Everett 67%
Thomas Ewing 56%
Russ Feingold 60%
Bob Filner 89%
Mark Foley 67%
Michael Patrick Forbes 63%
Harold Ford, Jr. 78%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 22%
Tillie Fowler 57%
Barney Frank 63%
Robert Franks 33%
William Frist 40%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 67%
John Ganske 56%
Sam Gejdenson 89%
George Gekas 44%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Jim Gibbons 44%
Wayne Gilchrest 67%
Paul Gillmor 33%
Benjamin Gilman 89%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 67%
William Goodling 44%
Bart Gordon 78%
Slade Gorton 40%
Porter Goss 14%
Daniel Graham 90%
William Phillip Gramm 40%
Rodney Grams 60%
James Greenwood 33%
Judd Gregg 40%
Gilbert Gutknecht 56%
Tony Hall 67%
James Hansen 44%
J. Dennis Hastert 50%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 22%
Joel Hefley 13%
Jesse Helms 22%
Wally Herger, Jr. 44%
Rick Hill 89%
Van Hilleary 56%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 89%
David Lee Hobson 22%
Pete Hoekstra 33%
Thomas Holden 100%
Ernest Hollings 100%
Darlene Hooley 78%
Stephen Horn 33%
John Nathan Hostettler 11%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 88%
Kenny Hulshof 44%
Duncan Hunter 56%
Asa Hutchinson 38%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 40%
Kay Hutchison 33%
Henry Hyde 25%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 38%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 67%
William Jefferson 100%
James Merrill Jeffords 60%
William Lewis Jenkins 67%
Christopher John 78%
Nancy Johnson 56%
Paul Kanjorski 78%
Sue Kelly 56%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 78%
Bob Kerrey 100%
Dale Kildee 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Gerald Kleczka 89%
Ronald Klink 78%
Joseph Knollenberg 44%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 33%
Dennis Kucinich 56%
Jon Kyl 22%
John LaFalce 67%
Ray LaHood 67%
Nicholas Lampson 100%
Tom Lantos 89%
Stephen Largent 22%
Steve LaTourette 67%
Frank Lautenberg 90%
Rick Lazio 56%
James Leach 89%
Jerry Lewis 56%
Ron Lewis 56%
Joe Lieberman 90%
John Linder 33%
William Lipinski 50%
Robert Livingston 56%
Trent Lott, Sr. 50%
Dick Lugar 50%
William Luther 78%
Connie Mack 30%
James Maloney 67%
Don Manzullo 11%
Matthew Martinez 83%
Frank Mascara 78%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 67%
Bill McCollum 44%
James McCrery III 56%
John McHugh 56%
Scott McInnis 22%
David McIntosh 33%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 67%
Michael McNulty 67%
Martin Meehan 63%
Carrie Meek 100%
Jack Metcalf 78%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 13%
David Minge 89%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 89%
John Moakley 100%
Alan Mollohan 75%
Constance Morella 38%
Patrick Moynihan 100%
Frank Murkowski 50%
Jack Murtha 78%
Sue Myrick 25%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 56%
Robert William Ney 44%
Don Nickles 10%
Anne Northup 33%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 67%
James Nussle 78%
Jim Oberstar 100%
Dave Obey 89%
John Olver 67%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 78%
Major Owens 89%
Michael Oxley 56%
Ronald Packard 67%
Ron Paul 22%
Donald Payne 100%
Edward Pease 56%
John Peterson 33%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 56%
Owen Pickett 88%
Richard Pombo 67%
Earl Pomeroy 100%
John Edward Porter 44%
Deborah Pryce 17%
Jack Quinn 56%
George Radanovich 33%
James Ramstad 33%
Ralph Regula 56%
Silvestre Reyes 100%
Bob Riley 67%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 67%
Charles Robb 90%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Timothy Roemer 89%
James Rogan 22%
William Roth, Jr. 50%
Steve Rothman 67%
Marge Roukema 44%
Jim Ryun 44%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 89%
Rick Santorum 60%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 50%
Joe Scarborough 22%
Robert Schaffer 56%
John Shadegg 11%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 22%
Christopher Shays 44%
E.G. Shuster 56%
Norman Sisisky 100%
Joseph Skeen 67%
Ike Skelton 78%
Gordon Smith 50%
Nick Smith 78%
Bob Smith 20%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Vic Snyder 78%
Mark Souder 44%
Arlen Specter 56%
Floyd Spence 67%
John Spratt, Jr. 100%
Pete Stark 75%
Cliff Stearns 56%
Charles Stenholm 78%
Ted Stevens 60%
Ted Strickland 78%
Bob Stump 44%
Bart Stupak 88%
John Sununu 13%
James Talent 50%
John Tanner 75%
Ellen Tauscher 67%
William Tauzin 63%
Charles Taylor 67%
Gene Taylor 67%
Craig Thomas 70%
William Thomas 56%
Fred Thompson 40%
Karen Thurman 100%
Strom Thurmond 50%
Todd Tiahrt 33%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 100%
James Traficant, Jr. 67%
James Turner 100%
Bruce Vento 78%
James Walsh 78%
Zach Wamp 44%
John Warner 40%
Wesley Watkins 56%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 56%
David Weldon 44%
W. Curtis Weldon 44%
Gerald Weller 67%
Paul Wellstone 90%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 89%
Heather Wilson 0%
Bob Wise, Jr. 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 44%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.