Rating Group: American Academy of Emergency Medicine

2003-2004 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 100%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 75%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 50%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 100%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 75%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 75%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 75%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 50%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 25%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 25%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 75%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 0%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 25%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 25%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 25%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 25%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 25%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 25%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 25%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 25%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 25%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 25%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 25%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 25%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 25%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 75%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 25%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 25%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 25%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 75%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 100%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 25%
CA Supervisor-1 Hilda Solis 25%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 25%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 25%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 25%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 50%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 25%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 75%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 25%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 100%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 75%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 25%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 25%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 75%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 100%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 75%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 50%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 75%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 75%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 25%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 25%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 25%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 25%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 75%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 25%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 25%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 25%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 50%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 75%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 100%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 75%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 25%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 25%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 25%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 25%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 25%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 25%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 25%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 25%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 25%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 25%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 25%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 25%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 75%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 25%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 100%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 25%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 75%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 25%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 25%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 25%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 75%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 25%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 100%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 100%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 25%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 25%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 25%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 25%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 75%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 25%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 25%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 25%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 25%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 25%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 25%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 25%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 25%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 25%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 25%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 25%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 50%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 25%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 100%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 100%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 25%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 50%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 25%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 25%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 25%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 25%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 50%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 25%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 75%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 25%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 75%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 25%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 75%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 25%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 75%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 75%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 100%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 25%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 25%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 25%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 75%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 25%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 25%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 75%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 25%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 100%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 75%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 25%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 75%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 75%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 25%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 0%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 25%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 25%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 25%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 25%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 25%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 100%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 25%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 75%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 100%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 100%
Neil Abercrombie 25%
Gary Ackerman 25%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Todd Akin 25%
Rodney Alexander 75%
Wayne Allard 100%
George Allen 100%
Thomas Allen 25%
Rob Andrews 0%
Joe Baca, Sr. 25%
Spencer Bachus 67%
Brian Baird 25%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
J. Gresham Barrett 25%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 75%
Max Baucus 50%
Evan Bayh 0%
Bob Beauprez 100%
Bob Bennett 100%
Shelley Berkley 25%
Howard Berman 25%
Marion Berry 25%
Judy Biggert 100%
Michael Bilirakis 100%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
Tim Bishop 25%
Sherwood Boehlert 100%
Kit Bond 100%
Henry Bonilla 100%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 100%
Mary Bono Mack 100%
Leonard Boswell 25%
Rick Boucher 50%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 100%
Henry Brown, Jr. 100%
Ginny Brown-Waite 100%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 100%
Dan Burton 25%
Steve Buyer 75%
Robert Byrd 0%
Dave Camp 100%
Chris Cannon 100%
Eric Cantor 100%
Dennis Cardoza 50%
Julia Carson 25%
Edward Case 25%
Mike Castle 100%
Linc Chafee 50%
Saxby Chambliss 100%
Ben Chandler III 100%
Chris Chocola 100%
Hillary Clinton 0%
Howard Coble 50%
Norm Coleman 100%
Kent Conrad 50%
Jon Corzine 0%
Jerry Costello 25%
Christopher Cox 75%
Larry Craig 100%
Robert Cramer 100%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Randall Cunningham 75%
Artur Davis 25%
James Davis 25%
Jo Ann Davis 100%
Lincoln Davis 100%
Thomas Davis III 100%
Bill Delahunt 25%
Thomas DeLay 100%
James DeMint 25%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 75%
Norm Dicks 25%
John Dingell 25%
Chris Dodd 0%
Elizabeth Dole 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 100%
John Doolittle 50%
Byron Dorgan 50%
David Dreier 100%
Chet Edwards 25%
Vern Ehlers 100%
Jo Ann Emerson 50%
Philip English 100%
John Ensign 50%
Bob Etheridge 25%
Lane Evans 25%
Terry Everett 75%
Tom Feeney 25%
Russ Feingold 0%
Michael Ferguson 100%
Bob Filner 25%
Mark Foley 100%
Harold Ford, Jr. 25%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 100%
Barney Frank 25%
William Frist 100%
Elton Gallegly 75%
Jim Gerlach 75%
Jim Gibbons 75%
Wayne Gilchrest 75%
Paul Gillmor 100%
Phil Gingrey 75%
Charlie Gonzalez 25%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 75%
Bart Gordon 50%
Mark Green 100%
Judd Gregg 50%
Gilbert Gutknecht 25%
Charles Hagel 50%
Ralph Hall 75%
Tom Harkin 0%
Jane Harman 25%
Katherine Harris 100%
Melissa Hart 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Doc Hastings 100%
Robert Hayes 75%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 75%
Joel Hefley 75%
Wally Herger, Jr. 75%
Maurice Hinchey 25%
David Lee Hobson 100%
Pete Hoekstra 75%
Thomas Holden 50%
Rush Holt, Jr. 25%
Darlene Hooley 25%
John Nathan Hostettler 25%
Kenny Hulshof 75%
Duncan Hunter 75%
Kay Hutchison 100%
Henry Hyde 75%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 50%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 25%
William Jefferson 25%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
William Lewis Jenkins 50%
Nancy Johnson 100%
Tim Johnson 75%
Timothy Johnson 0%
Paul Kanjorski 25%
Ric Keller 75%
Sue Kelly 75%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Mark Kennedy 100%
Patrick Kennedy 25%
Dale Kildee 25%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 25%
Jack Kingston 75%
Joseph Knollenberg 100%
Herb Kohl 0%
James Kolbe 100%
Dennis Kucinich 25%
Jon Kyl 100%
Ray LaHood 100%
Mary Landrieu 50%
Tom Lantos 25%
Tom Latham 100%
Steve LaTourette 100%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
James Leach 75%
Carl Levin 0%
Jerry Lewis 100%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 0%
Blanche Lincoln 50%
John Linder 100%
Trent Lott, Sr. 50%
Dick Lugar 100%
Don Manzullo 75%
Jim Marshall 75%
Jim Matheson 100%
Carolyn McCarthy 25%
Thaddeus McCotter 75%
James McCrery III 75%
John McHugh 100%
Mike McIntyre 25%
Buck McKeon 100%
Michael McNulty 25%
Martin Meehan 25%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 25%
Mike Michaud 25%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 25%
Gary Miller 75%
George Miller 25%
Brad Miller 25%
Alan Mollohan 25%
Dennis Moore 25%
Jim Moran, Jr. 25%
Jack Murtha 50%
Marilyn Musgrave 25%
Sue Myrick 75%
Ben Nelson 50%
Robert William Ney 100%
Anne Northup 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 25%
James Nussle 100%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 25%
John Olver 25%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 25%
Thomas William Osborne 100%
Major Owens 25%
Michael Oxley 100%
Ed Pastor 25%
Ron Paul 0%
Donald Payne 25%
John Peterson 100%
Tom Petri 100%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Todd Platts 75%
Richard Pombo 100%
Earl Pomeroy 100%
Jon Porter, Sr. 100%
Deborah Pryce 100%
Mark Pryor 0%
George Radanovich 75%
Nick Rahall II 25%
James Ramstad 75%
Ralph Regula 100%
Denny Rehberg 75%
Richard Renzi 100%
Silvestre Reyes 25%
Thomas Reynolds 100%
Jay Rockefeller IV 0%
Mike Rogers 100%
Mike Ross 25%
Steve Rothman 25%
Jim Ryun 50%
Martin Olav Sabo 25%
Rick Santorum 100%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 100%
John Shadegg 50%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 100%
Christopher Shays 75%
Donald Sherwood 100%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 100%
Ike Skelton 25%
Gordon Smith 100%
Olympia Snowe 100%
Vic Snyder 25%
Mark Souder 100%
Arlen Specter 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 25%
Pete Stark 25%
Cliff Stearns 75%
Ted Stevens 100%
Ted Strickland 25%
Bart Stupak 25%
John Sullivan 75%
John Sununu 50%
John Sweeney 100%
James Talent 100%
Tom Tancredo 25%
John Tanner 25%
Ellen Tauscher 25%
Charles Taylor 75%
Gene Taylor 25%
Lee Terry 75%
Craig Thomas 100%
William Thomas 100%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
John Tierney 25%
Ed Towns 25%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 25%
Mark Udall 25%
George Voinovich 100%
James Walsh 100%
Zach Wamp 25%
John Warner 100%
Diane Watson 25%
Mel Watt 25%
Henry Waxman 25%
Anthony Weiner 25%
David Weldon 75%
W. Curtis Weldon 100%
Gerald Weller 100%
Robert Wexler 0%
Heather Wilson 100%
Frank Wolf 100%
Lynn Woolsey 25%
David Wu 75%
Albert Wynn 25%
Bill Young 100%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.