Rating Group: Peace Action

1996 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 9%
Gary Ackerman 50%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 91%
Wayne Allard 10%
Rob Andrews 20%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 40%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 20%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 10%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Herbert Bateman 10%
Max Baucus 73%
Bob Bennett 18%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 40%
Douglas Bereuter 30%
Howard Berman 70%
Brian Bilbray 20%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 73%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 10%
Kit Bond 18%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 60%
Rick Boucher 40%
John Breaux 27%
George Brown, Jr. 90%
Richard Bryan 55%
Ed Bryant 0%
Dale Bumpers 73%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 9%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 64%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 9%
Thomas Campbell 70%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
Mike Castle 40%
John Chafee 36%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 90%
Eva Clayton 50%
Robert Clement 20%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 20%
Kent Conrad 73%
Paul Coverdell 9%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 9%
Robert Cramer 20%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 18%
Patsy Ann Danner 60%
Thomas Daschle 91%
Thomas Davis III 20%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 60%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 10%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 30%
Julian Dixon 70%
Chris Dodd 64%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 9%
Calvin Dooley 50%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 82%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 30%
Vern Ehlers 60%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 30%
John Ensign 0%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 0%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 20%
Victor Fazio 40%
Russ Feingold 91%
Bob Filner 90%
Mark Foley 10%
Michael Patrick Forbes 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 80%
Wendell Ford 45%
Tillie Fowler 0%
Jon David Fox 20%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 60%
William Frist 9%
Jonas Frost III 20%
Elizabeth Furse 80%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 40%
Sam Gejdenson 40%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 70%
Wayne Gilchrest 10%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Benjamin Gilman 0%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 82%
Henry Gonzalez 30%
William Goodling 10%
Bart Gordon 20%
Slade Gorton 18%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 55%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 9%
James Greenwood 20%
Judd Gregg 9%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Tony Hall 50%
Lee Hamilton 30%
James Hansen 0%
Jane Harman 40%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 20%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 70%
Maurice Hinchey 80%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 30%
Thomas Holden 20%
Ernest Hollings 36%
Stephen Horn 30%
John Nathan Hostettler 10%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 30%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 9%
Henry Hyde 10%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 55%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 50%
James Merrill Jeffords 55%
Nancy Johnson 20%
Paul Kanjorski 60%
Sue Kelly 0%
Dirk Kempthorne 9%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 90%
Patrick Kennedy 40%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 30%
Bob Kerrey 73%
Dale Kildee 30%
Jay Kim 0%
Gerald Kleczka 80%
Ronald Klink 50%
Scott Klug 50%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 73%
James Kolbe 20%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 80%
Ray LaHood 10%
Tom Lantos 70%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 20%
Frank Lautenberg 82%
Rick Lazio 20%
James Leach 40%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 45%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 50%
Robert Livingston 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 9%
Dick Lugar 9%
William Luther 70%
Connie Mack 9%
Thomas Manton 50%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 40%
Frank Mascara 50%
Robert Matsui 50%
Karen McCarthy 60%
Bill McCollum 0%
James McCrery III 0%
Joseph McDade 10%
Paul McHale 60%
John McHugh 0%
Scott McInnis 0%
David McIntosh 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 40%
Martin Meehan 70%
Carrie Meek 50%
Jack Metcalf 0%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 60%
Dan Miller 10%
David Minge 80%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 80%
John Moakley 70%
Alan Mollohan 20%
Constance Morella 70%
Carol Moseley Braun 91%
Patrick Moynihan 91%
Frank Murkowski 9%
Jack Murtha 10%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Mark Neumann 30%
Robert William Ney 20%
Don Nickles 9%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 10%
Jim Oberstar 90%
Dave Obey 70%
John Olver 90%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 30%
Major Owens 90%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ronald Packard 0%
Mike Parker 10%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 100%
Owen Pickett 10%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 40%
John Edward Porter 10%
Glenn Poshard 50%
Deborah Pryce 10%
Jack Quinn 10%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 60%
Ralph Regula 20%
Frank Riggs 10%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 70%
Charles Robb 27%
Timothy Roemer 50%
William Roth, Jr. 9%
Marge Roukema 60%
Martin Olav Sabo 80%
Rick Santorum 9%
Paul Sarbanes 82%
Jim Saxton 10%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 0%
Christopher Shays 70%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Norman Sisisky 10%
David Skaggs 70%
Joseph Skeen 0%
Ike Skelton 20%
Linda Smith 0%
Nick Smith 20%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 9%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 27%
Floyd Spence 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 30%
Pete Stark 90%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Charles Stenholm 30%
Ted Stevens 18%
Louis Stokes 80%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 60%
James Talent 0%
John Tanner 20%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 10%
Craig Thomas 9%
William Thomas 10%
Fred Thompson 18%
Karen Thurman 30%
Strom Thurmond 9%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Esteban Edward Torres 90%
Robert Torricelli 30%
Ed Towns 90%
James Traficant, Jr. 10%
Bruce Vento 80%
James Walsh 0%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 9%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 10%
Gerald Weller 30%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Rick White 0%
Bob Wise, Jr. 40%
Lynn Woolsey 90%
Albert Wynn 80%
Sidney Yates 90%
Bill Young 10%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 50%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 30%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 90%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 64%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 20%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 50%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 80%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 40%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 50%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 90%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 90%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 50%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 60%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 60%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 50%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 70%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 80%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 80%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 80%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 73%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 40%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 90%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 82%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 60%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 30%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 70%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 50%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 50%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 60%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 91%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 91%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 73%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 50%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 90%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 80%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 60%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 90%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 80%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 73%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 90%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 40%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 91%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 60%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 60%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 50%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 90%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 50%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 60%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 64%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 64%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 90%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 70%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 70%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 50%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 70%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 50%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 50%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 90%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 90%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 80%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 40%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 10%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 10%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 10%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 9%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 10%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 9%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 9%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 40%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 20%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 36%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 10%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 10%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 9%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
OH Governor John Kasich R 10%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 20%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 30%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 9%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 9%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 50%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 20%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 10%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 0%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 40%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 10%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 10%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 40%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 20%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.