Rating Group: Peace Action

1996 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 9%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 73%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 90%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 80%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 90%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 80%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 10%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 90%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 90%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 50%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 50%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 60%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 20%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 20%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 36%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 70%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 90%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 9%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 50%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 10%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 9%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 20%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 90%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 60%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 73%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 40%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 30%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 30%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 40%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 50%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 90%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 40%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 9%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 50%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 64%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 91%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 80%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 30%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 10%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 60%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 20%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 64%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 70%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 20%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 60%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 80%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 80%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 70%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 80%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 10%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 60%
OH Governor John Kasich R 10%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 70%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 9%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 80%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 90%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 50%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 60%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 50%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 40%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 10%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 70%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 40%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 50%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 60%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 9%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 50%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 91%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 91%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 40%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 90%
Neil Abercrombie 50%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 9%
Gary Ackerman 50%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 91%
Wayne Allard 10%
Rob Andrews 20%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Spencer Bachus 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 40%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 20%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 10%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Herbert Bateman 10%
Max Baucus 73%
Bob Bennett 18%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 40%
Douglas Bereuter 30%
Howard Berman 70%
Brian Bilbray 20%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 73%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 10%
Kit Bond 18%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 60%
Rick Boucher 40%
John Breaux 27%
George Brown, Jr. 90%
Richard Bryan 55%
Ed Bryant 0%
Dale Bumpers 73%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 9%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 64%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Dave Camp 10%
Ben Campbell 9%
Thomas Campbell 70%
Mike Castle 40%
John Chafee 36%
Saxby Chambliss 10%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 90%
Eva Clayton 50%
Robert Clement 20%
Howard Coble 10%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 20%
Kent Conrad 73%
Paul Coverdell 9%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 9%
Robert Cramer 20%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 18%
Patsy Ann Danner 60%
Thomas Daschle 91%
Thomas Davis III 20%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 60%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 10%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 30%
John Dingell 60%
Julian Dixon 70%
Chris Dodd 64%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 9%
Calvin Dooley 50%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 82%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 30%
Vern Ehlers 60%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 30%
John Ensign 0%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 0%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 20%
Victor Fazio 40%
Russ Feingold 91%
Bob Filner 90%
Mark Foley 10%
Michael Patrick Forbes 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 80%
Wendell Ford 45%
Tillie Fowler 0%
Jon David Fox 20%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 60%
William Frist 9%
Jonas Frost III 20%
Elizabeth Furse 80%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 40%
Sam Gejdenson 40%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 70%
Wayne Gilchrest 10%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Benjamin Gilman 0%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 82%
Henry Gonzalez 30%
William Goodling 10%
Bart Gordon 20%
Slade Gorton 18%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 55%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 9%
James Greenwood 20%
Judd Gregg 9%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Ralph Hall 10%
Tony Hall 50%
Lee Hamilton 30%
James Hansen 0%
Tom Harkin 82%
Jane Harman 40%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Doc Hastings 10%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 20%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 70%
Maurice Hinchey 80%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 30%
Thomas Holden 20%
Ernest Hollings 36%
Stephen Horn 30%
John Nathan Hostettler 10%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 30%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 9%
Henry Hyde 10%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 55%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 50%
James Merrill Jeffords 55%
Nancy Johnson 20%
Timothy Johnson 50%
Paul Kanjorski 60%
Sue Kelly 0%
Dirk Kempthorne 9%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 90%
Patrick Kennedy 40%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 30%
Bob Kerrey 73%
Dale Kildee 30%
Jay Kim 0%
Jack Kingston 0%
Gerald Kleczka 80%
Ronald Klink 50%
Scott Klug 50%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 73%
James Kolbe 20%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 80%
Ray LaHood 10%
Tom Lantos 70%
Stephen Largent 0%
Tom Latham 0%
Steve LaTourette 20%
Frank Lautenberg 82%
Rick Lazio 20%
James Leach 40%
Carl Levin 73%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 45%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 50%
Robert Livingston 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 9%
Dick Lugar 9%
William Luther 70%
Connie Mack 9%
Thomas Manton 50%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 40%
Frank Mascara 50%
Robert Matsui 50%
Karen McCarthy 60%
Bill McCollum 0%
James McCrery III 0%
Joseph McDade 10%
Paul McHale 60%
John McHugh 0%
Scott McInnis 0%
David McIntosh 0%
Buck McKeon 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 40%
Martin Meehan 70%
Carrie Meek 50%
Jack Metcalf 0%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 60%
Dan Miller 10%
George Miller 90%
David Minge 80%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 80%
John Moakley 70%
Alan Mollohan 20%
Jim Moran, Jr. 40%
Constance Morella 70%
Carol Moseley Braun 91%
Patrick Moynihan 91%
Frank Murkowski 9%
Jack Murtha 10%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Mark Neumann 30%
Robert William Ney 20%
Don Nickles 9%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 10%
Jim Oberstar 90%
Dave Obey 70%
John Olver 90%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 30%
Major Owens 90%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ronald Packard 0%
Mike Parker 10%
Ed Pastor 50%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 100%
Tom Petri 50%
Owen Pickett 10%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 40%
John Edward Porter 10%
Glenn Poshard 50%
Deborah Pryce 10%
Jack Quinn 10%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 50%
James Ramstad 60%
Ralph Regula 20%
Frank Riggs 10%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 70%
Charles Robb 27%
Jay Rockefeller IV 64%
Timothy Roemer 50%
William Roth, Jr. 9%
Marge Roukema 60%
Martin Olav Sabo 80%
Rick Santorum 9%
Paul Sarbanes 82%
Jim Saxton 10%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
José Serrano 100%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 0%
Christopher Shays 70%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Norman Sisisky 10%
David Skaggs 70%
Joseph Skeen 0%
Ike Skelton 20%
Linda Smith 0%
Nick Smith 20%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 9%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 27%
Floyd Spence 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 30%
Pete Stark 90%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Charles Stenholm 30%
Ted Stevens 18%
Louis Stokes 80%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 60%
James Talent 0%
John Tanner 20%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 10%
Craig Thomas 9%
William Thomas 10%
Fred Thompson 18%
Karen Thurman 30%
Strom Thurmond 9%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Esteban Edward Torres 90%
Robert Torricelli 30%
Ed Towns 90%
James Traficant, Jr. 10%
Bruce Vento 80%
James Walsh 0%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 9%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
Henry Waxman 90%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 10%
Gerald Weller 30%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Rick White 0%
Bob Wise, Jr. 40%
Frank Wolf 0%
Lynn Woolsey 90%
Albert Wynn 80%
Sidney Yates 90%
Bill Young 10%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.