Rating Group: Peace Action

1997 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 8%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 8%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 8%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 67%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 92%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 92%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 83%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 83%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 92%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 92%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 8%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 33%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 92%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 33%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 83%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 58%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 42%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 25%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 83%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 58%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 33%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 58%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 17%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 8%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 75%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 58%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 25%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 75%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 33%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 8%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 83%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 92%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 17%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 8%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 8%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 8%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 8%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 8%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 50%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 92%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 67%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 83%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 42%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 58%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 8%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 75%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 17%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 58%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 50%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 58%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 50%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 50%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 50%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 33%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 92%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 58%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 17%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 25%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 42%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 8%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 58%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 17%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 42%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 33%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 42%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 58%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 25%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 58%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 42%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 8%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 50%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 50%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 8%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 50%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 92%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 58%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 92%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 92%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 67%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 83%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 92%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 83%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 25%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 33%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 50%
OH Governor John Kasich R 33%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 50%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 8%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 33%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 8%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 67%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 83%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 83%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 92%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 50%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 67%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 8%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 33%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 25%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 58%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 50%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 8%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 17%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 25%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 58%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 50%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 42%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 8%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 83%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 8%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 42%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 25%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 67%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 67%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 50%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 42%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 75%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 67%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 58%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 50%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 58%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 8%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 8%
Gary Ackerman 50%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 67%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 50%
Rob Andrews 33%
Bill Archer 8%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 33%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 25%
James Barcia 25%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 25%
Herbert Bateman 8%
Max Baucus 33%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 42%
Douglas Bereuter 25%
Howard Berman 50%
Marion Berry 42%
Brian Bilbray 0%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 42%
Rod Blagojevich 58%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 8%
Sherwood Boehlert 33%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 17%
David Edward Bonior 75%
Sonny Bono 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 25%
Leonard Boswell 33%
Rick Boucher 33%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 25%
John Breaux 42%
George Brown, Jr. 75%
Richard Bryan 50%
Ed Bryant 0%
Dale Bumpers 92%
Jim Bunning 8%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 58%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 8%
Thomas Campbell 58%
Chris Cannon 0%
Walter Holden Capps 73%
Julia Carson 83%
Mike Castle 33%
John Chafee 33%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 25%
Jon Lynn Christensen 8%
William Clay, Sr. 75%
Eva Clayton 67%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 33%
Robert Clement 33%
Michael Collins 8%
Larry Combest 17%
Gary Condit 50%
Kent Conrad 42%
Merrill Cook 0%
John Cooksey 0%
Jerry Costello 75%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 92%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 8%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 8%
Alfonse D'Amato 17%
Patsy Ann Danner 50%
Thomas Daschle 42%
James Davis 33%
Thomas Davis III 8%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 100%
Peter Deutsch 42%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 8%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 0%
Julian Dixon 50%
Chris Dodd 42%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 8%
Calvin Dooley 33%
John Doolittle 8%
Byron Dorgan 50%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 25%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 8%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 33%
John Ensign 25%
Bob Etheridge 25%
Lane Evans 75%
Terry Everett 8%
Thomas Ewing 0%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 17%
Victor Fazio 25%
Russ Feingold 92%
Bob Filner 83%
Thomas Foglietta 75%
Mark Foley 50%
Michael Patrick Forbes 17%
Harold Ford, Jr. 67%
Wendell Ford 42%
Tillie Fowler 0%
Jon David Fox 33%
Barney Frank 92%
Robert Franks 67%
William Frist 17%
Jonas Frost III 17%
Elizabeth Furse 92%
Elton Gallegly 17%
John Ganske 50%
Sam Gejdenson 42%
George Gekas 8%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 58%
Jim Gibbons 17%
Wayne Gilchrest 17%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Benjamin Gilman 8%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 58%
Henry Gonzalez 25%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 25%
William Goodling 25%
Bart Gordon 33%
Slade Gorton 8%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 25%
William Phillip Gramm 8%
Rodney Grams 8%
James Greenwood 50%
Judd Gregg 8%
Gilbert Gutknecht 42%
Tony Hall 50%
Lee Hamilton 42%
James Hansen 8%
Jane Harman 17%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 25%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 17%
Rick Hill 8%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 67%
Maurice Hinchey 83%
David Lee Hobson 8%
Pete Hoekstra 50%
Thomas Holden 25%
Ernest Hollings 33%
Darlene Hooley 92%
Stephen Horn 8%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 25%
Kenny Hulshof 8%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 17%
Henry Hyde 8%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 33%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 17%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 8%
Jay Johnson 67%
Nancy Johnson 17%
Paul Kanjorski 67%
Sue Kelly 42%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 67%
Joseph Kennedy II 92%
Patrick Kennedy 42%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 42%
Bob Kerrey 58%
Dale Kildee 42%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 75%
Jay Kim 0%
Gerald Kleczka 75%
Ronald Klink 42%
Scott Klug 58%
Joseph Knollenberg 8%
Herb Kohl 67%
James Kolbe 25%
Dennis Kucinich 83%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 67%
Ray LaHood 8%
Nicholas Lampson 58%
Tom Lantos 75%
Stephen Largent 17%
Steve LaTourette 25%
Frank Lautenberg 67%
Rick Lazio 25%
James Leach 50%
Jerry Lewis 17%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 42%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 50%
Robert Livingston 8%
Trent Lott, Sr. 8%
Dick Lugar 25%
William Luther 75%
Connie Mack 0%
James Maloney 25%
Thomas Manton 42%
Don Manzullo 8%
Matthew Martinez 50%
Frank Mascara 50%
Robert Matsui 42%
Karen McCarthy 67%
Bill McCollum 0%
James McCrery III 0%
Joseph McDade 0%
Paul McHale 50%
John McHugh 8%
Scott McInnis 0%
David McIntosh 8%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 67%
Martin Meehan 75%
Carrie Meek 8%
Jack Metcalf 17%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 50%
Dan Miller 17%
David Minge 75%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 83%
John Moakley 83%
Alan Mollohan 17%
Constance Morella 75%
Carol Moseley Braun 67%
Patrick Moynihan 58%
Frank Murkowski 8%
Jack Murtha 8%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Mark Neumann 25%
Robert William Ney 17%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 17%
James Nussle 42%
Jim Oberstar 83%
Dave Obey 83%
John Olver 75%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 8%
Major Owens 83%
Michael Oxley 8%
Ronald Packard 8%
Michael Pappas 0%
Mike Parker 8%
Ron Paul 75%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 92%
Edward Pease 8%
John Peterson 0%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 25%
Richard Pombo 17%
Earl Pomeroy 25%
John Edward Porter 58%
Glenn Poshard 75%
Deborah Pryce 25%
Jack Quinn 25%
George Radanovich 8%
James Ramstad 75%
Bill Redmond 0%
Ralph Regula 25%
Silvestre Reyes 8%
Frank Riggs 17%
Bob Riley 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 92%
Charles Robb 25%
Ciro Rodriguez 33%
Timothy Roemer 58%
James Rogan 0%
William Roth, Jr. 17%
Steve Rothman 58%
Marge Roukema 67%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 67%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 8%
Rick Santorum 8%
Paul Sarbanes 58%
Jim Saxton 8%
Joe Scarborough 8%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Robert Schaffer 8%
Steven Schiff 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 0%
Christopher Shays 83%
E.G. Shuster 17%
Norman Sisisky 25%
David Skaggs 75%
Joseph Skeen 0%
Ike Skelton 8%
Gordon Smith 8%
Linda Smith 17%
Nick Smith 42%
Robert Smith 0%
Bob Smith 0%
Vincent Snowbarger 0%
Olympia Snowe 17%
Vic Snyder 25%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 8%
Arlen Specter 42%
Floyd Spence 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 17%
Pete Stark 83%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 25%
Ted Stevens 25%
Louis Stokes 92%
Ted Strickland 58%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 75%
John Sununu 17%
James Talent 17%
John Tanner 33%
Ellen Tauscher 67%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 8%
Gene Taylor 0%
Craig Thomas 8%
William Thomas 8%
Fred Thompson 8%
Karen Thurman 25%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Esteban Edward Torres 67%
Robert Torricelli 58%
Ed Towns 75%
James Traficant, Jr. 25%
James Turner 25%
Bruce Vento 83%
James Walsh 17%
Zach Wamp 17%
John Warner 8%
Wesley Watkins 8%
Mel Watt 92%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Gerald Weller 0%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 50%
Bob Weygand 42%
Rick White 17%
Bob Wise, Jr. 50%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 58%
Sidney Yates 58%
Bill Young 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.