Rating Group: Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund

2007-2008 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 20%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 18%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 20%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 6%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 20%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 73%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 9%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 93%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 27%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 9%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 88%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 63%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 10%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 13%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 9%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 91%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 82%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 82%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 82%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 82%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 9%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 73%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 9%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 94%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 91%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 19%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 81%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 91%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 82%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 11%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 27%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 30%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 10%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 10%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 18%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 91%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 91%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 91%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 31%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 18%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 20%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 13%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 20%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 13%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 93%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 6%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 81%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 94%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 88%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 94%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 75%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 63%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 88%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 88%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 93%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 13%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 88%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 7%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 94%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 7%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 93%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 75%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 88%
DC U.S. House-Delegate Eleanor Norton D 50%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 14%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 94%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 6%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 31%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 100%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 44%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 93%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 88%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 31%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 50%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 75%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 94%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 13%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 88%
GU U.S. House-Delegate Madeleine Bordallo D 67%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 88%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 19%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 83%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 19%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 83%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 13%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 94%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 83%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 44%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 6%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 0%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 94%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 81%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 88%
MD U.S. House-4 Donna Edwards D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 88%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 94%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 56%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 6%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 88%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 38%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 88%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 75%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 0%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 63%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 86%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 87%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 6%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 88%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 87%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 20%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 94%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 13%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 50%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 6%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 94%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 93%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 13%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 93%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 69%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 6%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 33%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 88%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 88%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 93%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 94%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 88%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 88%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 88%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 25%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 6%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 94%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 13%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 31%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 80%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 0%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 20%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 88%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 94%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 6%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 88%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 63%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 7%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 25%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 94%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 88%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 7%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 100%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 7%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 100%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 6%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 7%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 19%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 88%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 13%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 7%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 80%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 93%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 7%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 75%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 75%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 88%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 33%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 94%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 94%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 75%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 81%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 19%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 94%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 19%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 6%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 7%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 18%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 0%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 0%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 6%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 100%
Neil Abercrombie 71%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 91%
Todd Akin 6%
Rodney Alexander 7%
Jason Altmire 69%
Rob Andrews 100%
Michael Arcuri 88%
Joe Baca, Sr. 81%
Michele Bachmann 0%
Spencer Bachus 13%
Brian Baird 100%
J. Gresham Barrett 13%
John Barrow 44%
Roscoe Bartlett 31%
Max Baucus 64%
Evan Bayh 82%
Melissa Bean 94%
Bob Bennett 18%
Shelley Berkley 94%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 63%
Judy Biggert 53%
Brian Bilbray 33%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Tim Bishop 100%
Kit Bond 9%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 7%
Mary Bono Mack 40%
Dan Boren 25%
Leonard Boswell 69%
Rick Boucher 88%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 56%
Bruce Braley 93%
Paul Broun 0%
Henry Brown, Jr. 6%
Ginny Brown-Waite 25%
Jim Bunning 9%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 8%
Dave Camp 0%
John Campbell III 20%
Eric Cantor 6%
Dennis Cardoza 69%
Russ Carnahan 94%
Christopher Carney 75%
Mike Castle 94%
Saxby Chambliss 18%
Ben Chandler III 94%
Travis Childers 100%
Donna Christensen 100%
Howard Coble 13%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Norm Coleman 44%
Kent Conrad 80%
Jerry Costello 88%
Larry Craig 10%
Artur Davis 81%
David Davis 13%
Geoff Davis 0%
Lincoln Davis 81%
Bill Delahunt 88%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 36%
Norm Dicks 94%
John Dingell 94%
Byron Dorgan 73%
David Dreier 7%
Chet Edwards 56%
Vern Ehlers 75%
Brad Ellsworth 56%
Jo Ann Emerson 19%
John Ensign 22%
Bob Etheridge 88%
Eni Faleomavaega 83%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 88%
Luis Fortuño 17%
Barney Frank 93%
Elton Gallegly 6%
Jim Gerlach 80%
Gabrielle Giffords 88%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 75%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
Bart Gordon 87%
Judd Gregg 22%
Charles Hagel 27%
John Hall 100%
Ralph Hall 0%
Phil Hare 88%
Tom Harkin 100%
Jane Harman 100%
Doc Hastings 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 75%
Baron Hill 81%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
Paul Hodes 100%
Pete Hoekstra 6%
Thomas Holden 81%
Rush Holt, Jr. 100%
Kay Hutchison 10%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 31%
Daniel Inouye 82%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 88%
Tim Johnson 69%
Timothy Johnson 80%
Steve Kagen 81%
Paul Kanjorski 73%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 88%
Dale Kildee 88%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 88%
Jack Kingston 0%
Ron Klein 87%
Herb Kohl 100%
Dennis Kucinich 93%
Jon Kyl 10%
Mary Landrieu 18%
Tom Latham 19%
Steve LaTourette 44%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Carl Levin 100%
Jerry Lewis 13%
Joe Lieberman 91%
Blanche Lincoln 64%
John Linder 7%
Dick Lugar 27%
Dan Lungren 6%
Connie Mack IV 7%
Don Manzullo 6%
Jim Marshall 50%
Melquiades Martinez 60%
Jim Matheson 63%
Carolyn McCarthy 100%
Thaddeus McCotter 13%
John McHugh 44%
Mike McIntyre 81%
Buck McKeon 13%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 81%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 63%
Mike Michaud 94%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 93%
Brad Miller 88%
Harry Mitchell 94%
Alan Mollohan 81%
Dennis Moore 87%
Jim Moran, Jr. 100%
Patrick Murphy 75%
Jack Murtha 81%
Sue Myrick 13%
Ben Nelson 64%
Jim Oberstar 80%
Dave Obey 88%
John Olver 100%
Ed Pastor 88%
Donald Payne 100%
Tom Petri 50%
Todd Platts 69%
Earl Pomeroy 75%
Mark Pryor 64%
George Radanovich 6%
Nick Rahall II 94%
Denny Rehberg 13%
Silvestre Reyes 75%
Laura Richardson 71%
Jay Rockefeller IV 91%
Ciro Rodriguez 75%
Mike Rogers 13%
Mike Ross 50%
Steve Rothman 100%
John Salazar 63%
Ken Salazar 82%
William Sali 6%
Jean Schmidt 13%
Allyson Schwartz 100%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 100%
John Shadegg 6%
Carol Shea-Porter 94%
Heath Shuler 60%
Ike Skelton 73%
Olympia Snowe 64%
Vic Snyder 81%
Hilda Solis 93%
Mark Souder 19%
Zack Space 69%
Arlen Specter 40%
John Spratt, Jr. 81%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 6%
Ted Stevens 20%
Bart Stupak 73%
John Sullivan 13%
John Sununu 36%
Betty Sutton 88%
Tom Tancredo 7%
John Tanner 69%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
Gene Taylor 73%
Lee Terry 25%
Todd Tiahrt 13%
John Tierney 100%
Ed Towns 94%
Mark Udall 88%
George Voinovich 18%
Zach Wamp 19%
Diane Watson 94%
Mel Watt 93%
Henry Waxman 100%
Jim Webb, Jr. 73%
Anthony Weiner 100%
Robert Wexler 88%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 81%
Frank Wolf 56%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Bill Young 44%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.