Rating Group: Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund

2007 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 20%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 20%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 20%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 20%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 20%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 10%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 40%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 10%
AS U.S. House-Delegate Eni Faleomavaega D 80%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 20%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 90%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 10%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 80%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 80%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 100%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 90%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 90%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 90%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 60%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 90%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 10%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 90%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 20%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 90%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 30%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 90%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 80%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 60%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 90%
DC U.S. House-Delegate Eleanor Norton D 60%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 60%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 10%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 90%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 10%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 20%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 100%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 30%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 90%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 90%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 20%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 40%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 20%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 70%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 10%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 0%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 30%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 90%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 10%
GU U.S. House-Delegate Madeleine Bordallo D 60%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 90%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 70%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 20%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 90%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 90%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 10%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 10%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 80%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 90%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 100%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 10%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 10%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 90%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 70%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 10%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 20%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 20%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 30%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 20%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 90%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 80%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 80%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 80%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 90%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 80%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 90%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 80%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 60%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 50%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 10%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 10%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 90%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 40%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 90%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 90%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 80%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 80%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 0%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 60%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 80%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 70%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 90%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 90%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 60%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 40%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 80%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 30%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 20%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 10%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 80%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 40%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 20%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 0%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 90%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 90%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 90%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 20%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 90%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 50%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 10%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 90%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 30%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 100%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 80%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 90%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 80%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 90%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 80%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 90%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 40%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 10%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 100%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 20%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 90%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 0%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 80%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 20%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 90%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 90%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 70%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 90%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 60%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 10%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 20%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 90%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 60%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 40%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 40%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 10%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 90%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 10%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 100%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 10%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 20%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 90%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 10%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 10%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 80%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 10%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 80%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 70%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 90%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 20%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 50%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 90%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 100%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 60%
VI U.S. House-Delegate Donna Christensen D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 80%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 80%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 80%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 70%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 80%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 20%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 90%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 20%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 40%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 80%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 20%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 100%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 20%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 20%
Gary Ackerman 90%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 80%
Todd Akin 10%
Rodney Alexander 10%
Wayne Allard 20%
Thomas Allen 100%
Jason Altmire 70%
Rob Andrews 90%
Michael Arcuri 90%
Joe Baca, Sr. 80%
Brian Baird 90%
J. Gresham Barrett 10%
Roscoe Bartlett 50%
Max Baucus 40%
Evan Bayh 80%
Melissa Bean 90%
Bob Bennett 20%
Shelley Berkley 90%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 60%
Judy Biggert 40%
Brian Bilbray 20%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Kit Bond 0%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 10%
Mary Bono Mack 30%
Dan Boren 0%
Leonard Boswell 70%
Rick Boucher 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 50%
Nancy Boyda 70%
Henry Brown, Jr. 10%
Ginny Brown-Waite 10%
Jim Bunning 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 60%
Chris Cannon 10%
Eric Cantor 0%
Dennis Cardoza 60%
Russ Carnahan 100%
Christopher Carney 80%
Mike Castle 90%
Ben Chandler III 90%
Norm Coleman 20%
Kent Conrad 60%
Jerry Costello 90%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 80%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Artur Davis 80%
David Davis 20%
Lincoln Davis 90%
Thomas Davis III 30%
Bill Delahunt 90%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 30%
Norm Dicks 100%
Elizabeth Dole 20%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 80%
Thelma Drake 0%
David Dreier 10%
Chet Edwards 60%
Vern Ehlers 70%
Brad Ellsworth 60%
Jo Ann Emerson 20%
Philip English 40%
Bob Etheridge 90%
Terry Everett 20%
Tom Feeney 0%
Russ Feingold 100%
Michael Ferguson 80%
Bob Filner 90%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 10%
Barney Frank 70%
Elton Gallegly 10%
Gabrielle Giffords 100%
Charlie Gonzalez 80%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
Bart Gordon 90%
Judd Gregg 40%
John Hall 100%
Phil Hare 90%
Jane Harman 100%
Robert Hayes 30%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 80%
Baron Hill 80%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 10%
Paul Hodes 100%
Pete Hoekstra 10%
Thomas Holden 80%
Darlene Hooley 80%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 30%
Daniel Inouye 60%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 90%
William Jefferson 100%
Tim Johnson 60%
Steve Kagen 80%
Paul Kanjorski 60%
Ric Keller 10%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 90%
Dale Kildee 90%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 90%
Ron Klein 80%
Joseph Knollenberg 30%
Herb Kohl 100%
Dennis Kucinich 70%
John Kuhl, Jr. 30%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 40%
Nicholas Lampson 30%
Steve LaTourette 40%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Jerry Lewis 10%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 80%
Blanche Lincoln 40%
John Linder 0%
Dick Lugar 40%
Dan Lungren 10%
Connie Mack IV 0%
Tim Mahoney 80%
Don Manzullo 0%
Jim Marshall 40%
Melquiades Martinez 40%
Thaddeus McCotter 10%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 50%
Michael McNulty 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 80%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 60%
Brad Miller 90%
Harry Mitchell 90%
Alan Mollohan 80%
Dennis Moore 90%
Patrick Murphy 60%
Jack Murtha 80%
Marilyn Musgrave 0%
Sue Myrick 20%
Ben Nelson 60%
Jim Oberstar 70%
Dave Obey 80%
John Olver 100%
Donald Payne 80%
John Peterson 10%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Todd Platts 60%
Earl Pomeroy 80%
Jon Porter, Sr. 10%
Deborah Pryce 30%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 80%
Ralph Regula 10%
Denny Rehberg 10%
Richard Renzi 10%
Silvestre Reyes 70%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
Ciro Rodriguez 80%
Mike Ross 50%
Steve Rothman 100%
Ken Salazar 60%
William Sali 0%
Jim Saxton 60%
Jean Schmidt 10%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 100%
John Shadegg 10%
Christopher Shays 80%
Heath Shuler 60%
Ike Skelton 70%
Gordon Smith 80%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Vic Snyder 80%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 10%
Zack Space 70%
Arlen Specter 60%
John Spratt, Jr. 80%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Ted Stevens 20%
Bart Stupak 60%
John Sullivan 10%
John Sununu 40%
Betty Sutton 90%
Tom Tancredo 10%
John Tanner 70%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
Gene Taylor 70%
Todd Tiahrt 10%
Ed Towns 100%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 90%
George Voinovich 20%
James Walsh 50%
Zach Wamp 10%
John Warner 40%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 90%
Jim Webb, Jr. 80%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 0%
Gerald Weller 20%
Robert Wexler 90%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 90%
Heather Wilson 20%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 30%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.