Rating Group: Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund

2005-2006 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 70%
Gary Ackerman 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 64%
Todd Akin 6%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
Rodney Alexander 0%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 95%
Joe Baca, Sr. 53%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
Brian Baird 86%
Richard Hugh Baker 6%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
J. Gresham Barrett 6%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 56%
Roscoe Bartlett 36%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
Max Baucus 55%
Evan Bayh 82%
Melissa Bean 70%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
Bob Bennett 0%
Shelley Berkley 90%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 30%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 91%
Judy Biggert 36%
Jeff Bingaman 82%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 24%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 96%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 6%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 96%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
Kit Bond 0%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 16%
Mary Bono Mack 10%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 0%
Dan Boren 20%
Leonard Boswell 48%
Rick Boucher 70%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 91%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 46%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 69%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 86%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 96%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
Ginny Brown-Waite 10%
Jim Bunning 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 10%
Dan Burton 0%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 80%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 55%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 6%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 6%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 91%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 6%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 90%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
Dennis Cardoza 46%
Russ Carnahan 96%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 73%
Julia Carson 96%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
Mike Castle 74%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 6%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
Ben Chandler III 90%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
Hillary Clinton 82%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 90%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 6%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 0%
Norm Coleman 28%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 37%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 6%
Kent Conrad 64%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 90%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 40%
Jerry Costello 80%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 36%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 10%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 96%
Barbara Cubin 0%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 30%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
Artur Davis 36%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
Geoff Davis 0%
Jo Ann Davis 16%
Lincoln Davis 40%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
Thomas Davis III 46%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 86%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
Bill Delahunt 95%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
James DeMint 10%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 6%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 16%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 16%
Norm Dicks 85%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 96%
Chris Dodd 91%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
Elizabeth Dole 10%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 70%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 80%
Thelma Drake 6%
David Dreier 6%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 91%
Chet Edwards 30%
Vern Ehlers 60%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 95%
Jo Ann Emerson 6%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
Philip English 6%
John Ensign 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
Bob Etheridge 76%
Terry Everett 6%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 96%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 95%
Tom Feeney 11%
Russ Feingold 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 91%
Michael Ferguson 56%
Bob Filner 90%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 12%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 6%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 6%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 6%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 6%
Barney Frank 96%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 6%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 56%
Elton Gallegly 6%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 10%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 64%
Wayne Gilchrest 50%
Paul Gillmor 6%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 80%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 16%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
Bart Gordon 76%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 10%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 70%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 67%
Judd Gregg 10%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 82%
Jane Harman 95%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
Robert Hayes 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 10%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 40%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 96%
Maurice Hinchey 95%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 48%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 50%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
Darlene Hooley 96%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 96%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 20%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
Daniel Inouye 55%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 96%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 90%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 96%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 80%
William Jefferson 53%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 0%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 80%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
Tim Johnson 80%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 70%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 50%
Paul Kanjorski 69%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 90%
Ric Keller 11%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
Dale Kildee 90%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 90%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 0%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 6%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 56%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 0%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 73%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
John Kuhl, Jr. 6%
Jon Kyl 10%
Ray LaHood 20%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 20%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 100%
Tom Lantos 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 86%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
Steve LaTourette 16%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 80%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 96%
Jerry Lewis 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
Ron Lewis 0%
Blanche Lincoln 55%
John Linder 0%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 90%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 80%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 96%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
Dan Lungren 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 96%
Connie Mack IV 16%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 86%
Don Manzullo 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
Jim Marshall 50%
Melquiades Martinez 19%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 60%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 40%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 90%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 6%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
Thaddeus McCotter 6%
James McCrery III 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 96%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
John McHugh 6%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 56%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 0%
Michael McNulty 96%
Martin Meehan 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 95%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 90%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 20%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 90%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 82%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 96%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 6%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 10%
Brad Miller 96%
Alan Mollohan 53%
Dennis Moore 86%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 90%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 0%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 6%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
Jack Murtha 56%
Marilyn Musgrave 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 96%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 95%
Ben Nelson 37%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 82%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
NA President Barack Obama II D 82%
Jim Oberstar 76%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 36%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 86%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 90%
Ron Paul 34%
Donald Payne 100%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 30%
John Peterson 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 46%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 6%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 6%
Todd Platts 30%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 10%
Earl Pomeroy 58%
Jon Porter, Sr. 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 96%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 6%
Deborah Pryce 6%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 55%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 10%
George Radanovich 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 80%
James Ramstad 66%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 96%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
Ralph Regula 6%
Denny Rehberg 0%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 56%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 91%
Richard Renzi 6%
Silvestre Reyes 48%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 73%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 0%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 16%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 20%
Mike Ross 30%
Steve Rothman 95%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 95%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 16%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 90%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 85%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 10%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 90%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 60%
Ken Salazar 73%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 96%
Jim Saxton 76%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
Jean Schmidt 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 82%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 100%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 60%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 90%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 26%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 96%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
John Shadegg 6%
Christopher Shays 86%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
Ike Skelton 50%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 95%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 96%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 70%
Gordon Smith 19%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 6%
Olympia Snowe 55%
Vic Snyder 90%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 86%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 73%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Ted Stevens 0%
John Sullivan 0%
John Sununu 28%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 50%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
Gene Taylor 46%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 6%
Craig Thomas 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 56%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 96%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 6%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 6%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
Ed Towns 83%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 96%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 0%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 90%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 30%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 86%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
George Voinovich 19%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 0%
James Walsh 36%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 10%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 96%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
Anthony Weiner 90%
David Weldon 6%
Gerald Weller 0%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
Robert Wexler 96%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 16%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
Heather Wilson 16%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 20%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 91%
Albert Wynn 90%
Bill Young 22%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 10%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.