Rating Group: Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund

2005-2006 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 10%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 55%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 40%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 12%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 90%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 6%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 91%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 91%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 96%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 40%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 96%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 96%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 16%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 95%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 6%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 96%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 16%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 60%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 73%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 82%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 10%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 10%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 86%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 100%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 16%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 20%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 6%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 24%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 6%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 0%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 56%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 60%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 70%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 82%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 91%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 56%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 85%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 90%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 95%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 86%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 16%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 20%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 0%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 95%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 90%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 96%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 82%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 90%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 96%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 37%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 90%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 80%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 73%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 30%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 96%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 6%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 96%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 0%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 30%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 56%
NA President Barack Obama II D 82%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 91%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 10%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 80%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 50%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 96%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 6%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 6%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 56%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 6%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 6%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 80%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 70%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 10%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 86%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 56%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 90%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 91%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 82%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 96%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 0%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 90%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 90%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 90%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 86%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 96%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 96%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 96%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 96%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 95%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 96%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 96%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 6%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 90%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 6%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 90%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 91%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 96%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 86%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 69%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 95%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 64%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 80%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 6%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 6%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 6%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 10%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 90%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 70%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 90%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 6%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 10%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 10%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 70%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 6%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 6%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 6%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 48%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 80%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 6%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 30%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 67%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 80%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 60%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 90%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 6%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 90%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 20%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 96%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 91%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 86%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 96%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 56%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 96%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 96%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 10%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 90%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 26%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 46%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 73%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 6%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 80%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 64%
Todd Akin 6%
Rodney Alexander 0%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 95%
Joe Baca, Sr. 53%
Brian Baird 86%
Richard Hugh Baker 6%
J. Gresham Barrett 6%
Roscoe Bartlett 36%
Max Baucus 55%
Evan Bayh 82%
Melissa Bean 70%
Bob Bennett 0%
Shelley Berkley 90%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 30%
Judy Biggert 36%
Jeff Bingaman 82%
Kit Bond 0%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 16%
Mary Bono Mack 10%
Dan Boren 20%
Leonard Boswell 48%
Rick Boucher 70%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 46%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
Ginny Brown-Waite 10%
Jim Bunning 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 55%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 6%
Dennis Cardoza 46%
Russ Carnahan 96%
Julia Carson 96%
Mike Castle 74%
Ben Chandler III 90%
Hillary Clinton 82%
Norm Coleman 28%
Kent Conrad 64%
Jerry Costello 80%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 36%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Artur Davis 36%
Geoff Davis 0%
Jo Ann Davis 16%
Lincoln Davis 40%
Thomas Davis III 46%
Bill Delahunt 95%
James DeMint 10%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 16%
Norm Dicks 85%
Chris Dodd 91%
Elizabeth Dole 10%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 70%
Thelma Drake 6%
David Dreier 6%
Chet Edwards 30%
Vern Ehlers 60%
Jo Ann Emerson 6%
Philip English 6%
John Ensign 0%
Bob Etheridge 76%
Terry Everett 6%
Tom Feeney 11%
Russ Feingold 100%
Michael Ferguson 56%
Bob Filner 90%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 6%
Barney Frank 96%
Elton Gallegly 6%
Wayne Gilchrest 50%
Paul Gillmor 6%
Charlie Gonzalez 80%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 16%
Bart Gordon 76%
Judd Gregg 10%
Jane Harman 95%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Robert Hayes 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 40%
Maurice Hinchey 95%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 50%
Darlene Hooley 96%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 20%
Daniel Inouye 55%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 96%
William Jefferson 53%
Tim Johnson 80%
Paul Kanjorski 69%
Ric Keller 11%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Dale Kildee 90%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 73%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
John Kuhl, Jr. 6%
Jon Kyl 10%
Ray LaHood 20%
Tom Lantos 100%
Steve LaTourette 16%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
Blanche Lincoln 55%
John Linder 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
Dan Lungren 0%
Connie Mack IV 16%
Don Manzullo 0%
Jim Marshall 50%
Melquiades Martinez 19%
Thaddeus McCotter 6%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 6%
Michael McNulty 96%
Martin Meehan 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 95%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 20%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 96%
Brad Miller 96%
Alan Mollohan 53%
Dennis Moore 86%
Jack Murtha 56%
Marilyn Musgrave 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 37%
Jim Oberstar 76%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 36%
Ron Paul 34%
Donald Payne 100%
John Peterson 0%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 6%
Todd Platts 30%
Earl Pomeroy 58%
Jon Porter, Sr. 0%
Deborah Pryce 6%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 66%
Ralph Regula 6%
Denny Rehberg 0%
Richard Renzi 6%
Silvestre Reyes 48%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
Mike Ross 30%
Steve Rothman 95%
Ken Salazar 73%
Jim Saxton 76%
Jean Schmidt 0%
John Shadegg 6%
Christopher Shays 86%
Ike Skelton 50%
Gordon Smith 19%
Olympia Snowe 55%
Vic Snyder 90%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 86%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Ted Stevens 0%
John Sullivan 0%
John Sununu 28%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 50%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
Gene Taylor 46%
Craig Thomas 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Ed Towns 83%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 96%
George Voinovich 19%
James Walsh 36%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 10%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Anthony Weiner 90%
David Weldon 6%
Gerald Weller 0%
Robert Wexler 96%
Heather Wilson 16%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 90%
Bill Young 22%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.