Rating Group: Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund

2005-2006 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 10%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 40%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 12%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 6%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 91%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 91%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 96%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 40%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 96%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 96%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 16%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 95%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 6%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 96%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 16%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 73%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 82%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 10%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 10%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 86%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 100%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 16%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 20%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 24%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 6%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 60%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 91%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 56%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 85%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 90%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 95%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 86%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 16%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 0%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 0%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 95%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 90%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 96%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 82%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 90%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 96%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 37%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 73%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 30%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 96%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 6%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 0%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 30%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 56%
NA President Barack Obama II D 82%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 91%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 10%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 80%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 50%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 96%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 6%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 6%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 80%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 70%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 10%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 86%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 56%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 90%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 91%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 82%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 0%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 90%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 90%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 86%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 96%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 96%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 96%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 96%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 95%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 96%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 96%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 6%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 90%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 6%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 90%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 91%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 96%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 86%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 69%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 95%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 80%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 6%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 6%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 6%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 10%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 90%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 90%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 6%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 10%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 10%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 70%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 6%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 6%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 6%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 48%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 80%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 6%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 30%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 67%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 80%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 90%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 6%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 96%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 91%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 86%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 96%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 56%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 96%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 96%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 10%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 90%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 26%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 6%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Neil Abercrombie 70%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 64%
Todd Akin 6%
Rodney Alexander 0%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 95%
Joe Baca, Sr. 53%
Spencer Bachus 0%
Brian Baird 86%
Richard Hugh Baker 6%
J. Gresham Barrett 6%
John Barrow 56%
Roscoe Bartlett 36%
Max Baucus 55%
Evan Bayh 82%
Melissa Bean 70%
Bob Bennett 0%
Shelley Berkley 90%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 30%
Judy Biggert 36%
Jeff Bingaman 82%
Tim Bishop 96%
Kit Bond 0%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 16%
Mary Bono Mack 10%
Dan Boren 20%
Leonard Boswell 48%
Rick Boucher 70%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 46%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
Ginny Brown-Waite 10%
Jim Bunning 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 55%
Dave Camp 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 6%
Dennis Cardoza 46%
Russ Carnahan 96%
Julia Carson 96%
Mike Castle 74%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Ben Chandler III 90%
Hillary Clinton 82%
Howard Coble 6%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Norm Coleman 28%
Kent Conrad 64%
Jerry Costello 80%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 36%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Artur Davis 36%
Geoff Davis 0%
Jo Ann Davis 16%
Lincoln Davis 40%
Thomas Davis III 46%
Bill Delahunt 95%
James DeMint 10%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 16%
Norm Dicks 85%
John Dingell 96%
Chris Dodd 91%
Elizabeth Dole 10%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 70%
Thelma Drake 6%
David Dreier 6%
Chet Edwards 30%
Vern Ehlers 60%
Jo Ann Emerson 6%
Philip English 6%
John Ensign 0%
Bob Etheridge 76%
Terry Everett 6%
Tom Feeney 11%
Russ Feingold 100%
Michael Ferguson 56%
Bob Filner 90%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 6%
Barney Frank 96%
Elton Gallegly 6%
Jim Gerlach 64%
Wayne Gilchrest 50%
Paul Gillmor 6%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 80%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 16%
Bart Gordon 76%
Judd Gregg 10%
Charles Hagel 0%
Ralph Hall 0%
Tom Harkin 82%
Jane Harman 95%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Doc Hastings 0%
Robert Hayes 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 40%
Maurice Hinchey 95%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 50%
Rush Holt, Jr. 100%
Darlene Hooley 96%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 20%
Daniel Inouye 55%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 96%
William Jefferson 53%
Tim Johnson 80%
Timothy Johnson 70%
Paul Kanjorski 69%
Ric Keller 11%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Dale Kildee 90%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jack Kingston 6%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 73%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
John Kuhl, Jr. 6%
Jon Kyl 10%
Ray LaHood 20%
Mary Landrieu 20%
Tom Lantos 100%
Tom Latham 0%
Steve LaTourette 16%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Carl Levin 80%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
Blanche Lincoln 55%
John Linder 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
Dan Lungren 0%
Connie Mack IV 16%
Don Manzullo 0%
Jim Marshall 50%
Melquiades Martinez 19%
Jim Matheson 60%
Carolyn McCarthy 90%
Thaddeus McCotter 6%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 6%
Mike McIntyre 56%
Buck McKeon 0%
Michael McNulty 96%
Martin Meehan 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 95%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 20%
Mike Michaud 90%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 96%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 100%
Brad Miller 96%
Alan Mollohan 53%
Dennis Moore 86%
Jim Moran, Jr. 90%
Jack Murtha 56%
Marilyn Musgrave 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 37%
Jim Oberstar 76%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 36%
Ed Pastor 90%
Ron Paul 34%
Donald Payne 100%
John Peterson 0%
Tom Petri 46%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 6%
Todd Platts 30%
Earl Pomeroy 58%
Jon Porter, Sr. 0%
Deborah Pryce 6%
Mark Pryor 55%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 80%
James Ramstad 66%
Ralph Regula 6%
Denny Rehberg 0%
Richard Renzi 6%
Silvestre Reyes 48%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
Jay Rockefeller IV 73%
Mike Rogers 0%
Mike Ross 30%
Steve Rothman 95%
John Salazar 60%
Ken Salazar 73%
Jim Saxton 76%
Jean Schmidt 0%
Allyson Schwartz 100%
John Shadegg 6%
Christopher Shays 86%
Ike Skelton 50%
Gordon Smith 19%
Olympia Snowe 55%
Vic Snyder 90%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 86%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Ted Stevens 0%
John Sullivan 0%
John Sununu 28%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 50%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
Gene Taylor 46%
Lee Terry 6%
Craig Thomas 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
John Tierney 100%
Ed Towns 83%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 96%
Mark Udall 100%
George Voinovich 19%
James Walsh 36%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 10%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Henry Waxman 100%
Anthony Weiner 90%
David Weldon 6%
Gerald Weller 0%
Robert Wexler 96%
Heather Wilson 16%
Frank Wolf 20%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 90%
Bill Young 22%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.