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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund

1998 Positions on Gun Rights

Issues: Guns
State Office District Name Party Rating
VT Governor Peter Shumlin Democratic A+
VT State House Bennington-2-2 Mary Morrissey Republican A+
VT State House Bennington-3 Alice Miller Democratic F
VT State House Caledonia-1 Leigh Larocque Republican A
VT State House Chittenden-7-2 Ann Pugh Democratic F
VT State House Chittenden-8-3 Martha Heath Democratic C
VT State House Franklin-3-1 Kathleen Keenan Democratic A
VT State House Lamoille-2 Mark Woodward Democratic A
VT State House Orange-1 Philip Winters Republican A
VT State House Rutland-3 Robert Helm Democratic, Republican A+
VT State House Washington-2 Thomas Koch Democratic, Republican A
VT State House Washington-3 Paul Poirier Independent A
VT State House Windham-4 David Deen Democratic F
VT State House Windsor-3-2 Alice Emmons Democratic, Working Families A
VT State Senate Bennington Richard Sears, Jr. Democratic A
VT State Senate Essex-Orleans Robert Starr Democratic A
VT State Senate Grand Isle Richard Mazza Democratic A
VT State Senate Lamoille Richard Westman Republican A
VT State Senate Orange Mark MacDonald Democratic A+
VT State Senate Rutland Peg Flory Republican B
VT State Senate Washington William Doyle Republican A+
VT State Senate Windsor Richard McCormack Democratic F
VT State Senate Windsor Alice Nitka Democratic A
Elaine Alfano F
Philip Angell, Jr. A
Jean Ankeney F
William Aswad F
Thomas Bahre A+
Joseph Baker A
Susan Bartlett A
John Bloomer, Jr. A+
Stephanie Bourdeau A
Gordon Bristol A
Francis Brooks A
David Brown A
Peter Brownell A
Forest Buckland F
Julius Canns A+
David Clark A
George Costes A
Howard Crawford A
John Crowley A
Steve Darrow A
Danny Deuel A
Matt Dunne A
Michael Flaherty F
Sally Fox F
Walter Freed A+
William Fyfe A+
Anne Ginevan F
Henry Gray A
James Greenwood A+
David Hathaway A
Neil Hoag A+
Henry Holmes A+
Constance Houston A+
Dick Howrigan, Sr. A-
Richard Hube B
Cola Hudson A
Bruce Hyde A-
Robert Ide A+
Vincent Illuzzi A+
Michael Kainen A
Robert Everett Kinsey A
Karen Kitzmiller F
Paul Knox A
Gerald Krasnow F
Jerry Kreitzer F
John LaBarge A
Steve Larrabee, Sr. A
Thomas Little A
Judith Livingston A
Richard Marron A-
Frederick Maslack A
Hull Maynard A
Frank Mazur A
Thomas McGrath B
Doran Metzger A
Lawrence Molloy B
Karen Moore F
Gerald Morrissey A
Thomas Neiman A
Donny Osman F
Allen Palmer A+
Edward Paquin, Jr. A
Mary-Ann Parizo A
Janice Peaslee A+
Richard Pembroke, Sr. C+
Albert Joseph Perry A+
Ira Pike A+
Ben-Zion Ptashnik B
Michael Quaid A-
Neil Randall A
Elizabeth Mary Ready A+
Gary Richardson A
Helen Riehle B
Cheryl Pratt Rivers A
George Schiavone A
Ann Seibert F
Nancy Sheltra A-
Jeb Spaulding A
Karen Steele A+
Bill Suchmann B
Mary Sullivan F
Gene Sweetser A+
Ruth Towne A+
John Patrick Tracy F
Oreste Valsangiacomo, Sr. A
Cathy Voyer A
Perry Waite A+
Alan Weiss C
James Willett A
Robert Wood, Jr. A
Mark Young A

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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