Rating Group: NARAL Pro-Choice America

1996 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
Max Baucus 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
Anthony Beilenson 100%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
Sherwood Boehlert 100%
Rick Boucher 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
Bill Bradley 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
John Bryant 100%
Dale Bumpers 100%
Robert Byrd 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
John Chafee 100%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
William Cohen 100%
Ronald Coleman 100%
Barbara-Rose Collins 100%
Cardiss Collins 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
William Coyne 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
Thomas Daschle 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
Ronald Dellums 100%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Norm Dicks 100%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
Calvin Dooley 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
Lane Evans 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
Victor Fazio 100%
Russ Feingold 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
Cleo Fields 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Barney Frank 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 100%
Elizabeth Furse 100%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
Benjamin Gilman 100%
John Glenn 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
James Greenwood 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
Jane Harman 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
Ernest Hollings 100%
Stephen Horn 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
Nancy Johnson 100%
Harry Johnston 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 100%
Bob Kerrey 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
Herb Kohl 100%
Tom Lantos 100%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
Joe Lieberman 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
William Luther 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 100%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
Constance Morella 100%
Carol Moseley Braun 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
John Olver 100%
Major Owens 100%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
Donald Payne 100%
Claiborne Pell 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
Pete Peterson 100%
Owen Pickett 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 100%
Pat Schroeder 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
Christopher Shays 100%
Paul Simon 100%
David Skaggs 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
Pete Stark 100%
Louis Stokes 100%
Gerry Studds 100%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
Karen Thurman 100%
Esteban Edward Torres 100%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
Bruce Vento 100%
Michael Ward 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
Mel Watt 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Pat Williams 100%
Charles Wilson 100%
Bob Wise, Jr. 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
Sidney Yates 100%
Richard Zimmer 99%
Sam Gibbons 95%
Peter Torkildsen 94%
Gary Franks 93%
Richard Bryan 91%
Daniel Graham 91%
Jan Meyers 91%
Olympia Snowe 91%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 90%
Thomas Campbell 90%
Chet Edwards 90%
Henry Gonzalez 90%
Sue Kelly 90%
Bill Richardson 90%
Albert Wynn 90%
Jonas Frost III 80%
James Kolbe 80%
Blanche Lincoln 80%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 80%
David Pryor 80%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 79%
Alan Simpson 79%
James Merrill Jeffords 77%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 75%
Floyd Flake 75%
Thomas Foglietta 75%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 75%
William Jefferson 75%
Patrick Kennedy 75%
Dave Obey 75%
Charles Rose III 75%
John Spratt, Jr. 75%
Sam Nunn 74%
Bill Martini 73%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 72%
Steven Gunderson 68%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 66%
Patrick Moynihan 66%
Arlen Specter 66%
Gary Condit 65%
Robert Cramer 65%
Robert Franks 65%
Bart Gordon 65%
W.G. Hefner 65%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 65%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 65%
Matthew Martinez 65%
David Minge 65%
Susan Molinari 65%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 65%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 65%
Earl Pomeroy 65%
Marge Roukema 65%
Norman Sisisky 65%
John Tanner 65%
James Traficant, Jr. 65%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 62%
Bill Zeliff 62%
Ben Campbell 57%
Henry Scott Baesler 55%
Charlie Bass 55%
Robert Clement 55%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 55%
Harris Fawell 55%
Wayne Gilchrest 55%
Scott Klug 55%
Paul McHale 55%
John Moakley 55%
John Edward Porter 55%
James Longley, Jr. 48%
Ray Thornton 47%
Brian Bilbray 45%
Mike Castle 45%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 45%
Mark Foley 45%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 45%
Gerald Kleczka 45%
Rick Lazio 45%
James Leach 45%
Deborah Pryce 45%
James Ramstad 45%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 45%
William Thomas 45%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 43%
Dan Miller 43%
Ted Stevens 43%
Rick White 42%
Kent Conrad 38%
Byron Dorgan 38%
Sonny Bono 35%
Hank Brown 35%
Tillie Fowler 35%
Pete Geren 34%
Thomas Davis III 33%
Scott McInnis 33%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 33%
Steven Schiff 33%
Peter Blute 32%
Jennifer Dunn 32%
Henry Bonilla 30%
William Roth, Jr. 29%
John Ganske 25%
Michael McNulty 25%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 25%
David Edward Bonior 23%
Jim Exon 23%
David Lee Hobson 23%
Ralph Regula 23%
Frank Riggs 23%
J. Bennett Johnston 18%
E. Kika de la Garza 15%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 15%
Slade Gorton 14%
Douglas Bereuter 13%
Robert Borski, Jr. 13%
Barbara Cubin 13%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 13%
Vern Ehlers 13%
George Gekas 13%
Porter Goss 13%
Thomas Holden 13%
Paul Kanjorski 13%
Ronald Klink 13%
Jerry Lewis 13%
Thomas Manton 13%
Frank Mascara 13%
Jack Murtha 13%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 13%
Robert William Ney 13%
Jim Oberstar 13%
Michael Oxley 13%
Jon David Fox 12%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 12%
Jack Metcalf 12%
Jim Saxton 12%
Cass Ballenger 10%
Herbert Bateman 10%
John Breaux 9%
Wendell Ford 9%
Mark Hatfield 9%
Tom Bevill 3%
Bill Orton 3%
Harold Volkmer 3%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 2%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 2%
Melton Hancock 1%
G.V. Montgomery 1%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 1%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Wayne Allard 0%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
William Baker 0%
James Barcia 0%
Robert Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
Bob Bennett 0%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
Kit Bond 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
Ed Bryant 0%
Jim Bunn 0%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Herbert Callahan 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
Dick Chrysler 0%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Wes Cooley 0%
Jerry Costello 0%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
Larry Craig 0%
Philip Crane 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 0%
Patsy Ann Danner 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
Thomas DeLay 0%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Jay Dickey 0%
Robert Dole 0%
John Doolittle 0%
Robert Dornan 0%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
Bill Emerson 0%
Philip English 0%
John Ensign 0%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 0%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Michael Patrick Forbes 0%
Dan Frisa 0%
William Frist 0%
David Funderburk 0%
Elton Gallegly 0%
Paul Gillmor 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
William Goodling 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
Enid Greene 0%
Judd Gregg 0%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
Tony Hall 0%
Lee Hamilton 0%
James Hansen 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Van Hilleary 0%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
OH Governor John Kasich R 0%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Dale Kildee 0%
Jay Kim 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 0%
Ray LaHood 0%
Stephen Largent 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
Steve LaTourette 0%
Greg Laughlin 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
Jim Lightfoot 0%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 0%
Robert Livingston 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
Connie Mack 0%
Don Manzullo 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 0%
Bill McCollum 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
James McCrery III 0%
Joseph McDade 0%
John McHugh 0%
David McIntosh 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
Alan Mollohan 0%
Carlos Moorhead 0%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
Mark Neumann 0%
Don Nickles 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 0%
Ronald Packard 0%
Mike Parker 0%
William Paxon 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 0%
Richard Pombo 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
Glenn Poshard 0%
Larry Pressler 0%
Jack Quinn 0%
George Radanovich 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
Timothy Roemer 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 0%
Toby Roth 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matthew Salmon R 0%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 0%
Rick Santorum 0%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Andrea Seastrand 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
John Shadegg 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Joseph Skeen 0%
Ike Skelton 0%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
Linda Smith 0%
Nick Smith 0%
Bob Smith 0%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Floyd Spence 0%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 0%
TX U.S. House-36 Steve Stockman R 0%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 0%
James Talent 0%
Randy Tate 0%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 0%
Frank Tejeda 0%
Craig Thomas 0%
Fred Thompson 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Barbara Vucanovich 0%
James Walsh 0%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 0%
Gerald Weller 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 0%
Bill Young 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.