Rating Group: NARAL Pro-Choice America

1997 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 3%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 5%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 3%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 3%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 3%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 88%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 94%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 60%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 5%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 65%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 47%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 77%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 32%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 62%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 97%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 5%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 34%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 3%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 0%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 52%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 63%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 20%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 0%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 29%
OH Governor John Kasich R 0%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 3%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 3%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 48%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 3%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 10%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 77%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 3%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 77%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 71%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 77%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 0%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 77%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 42%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 3%
James Barcia 0%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 3%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 42%
Herbert Bateman 3%
Max Baucus 100%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 6%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 33%
Brian Bilbray 29%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 94%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 40%
Sonny Bono 10%
Robert Borski, Jr. 18%
Leonard Boswell 71%
Rick Boucher 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 77%
John Breaux 5%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Richard Bryan 100%
Ed Bryant 0%
Dale Bumpers 94%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 10%
Robert Byrd 48%
Herbert Callahan 3%
Ben Campbell 51%
Thomas Campbell 86%
Chris Cannon 0%
Walter Holden Capps 100%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 46%
John Chafee 100%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 3%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 83%
Robert Clement 42%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 68%
Kent Conrad 34%
Merrill Cook 3%
John Cooksey 0%
Jerry Costello 0%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 33%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 3%
Randall Cunningham 3%
Alfonse D'Amato 0%
Patsy Ann Danner 23%
Thomas Daschle 65%
James Davis 71%
Thomas Davis III 29%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 100%
Peter Deutsch 92%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 3%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 100%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 94%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 100%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 34%
David Dreier 3%
Jennifer Dunn 18%
Chet Edwards 83%
Vern Ehlers 3%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 39%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 0%
John Ensign 0%
Bob Etheridge 54%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 3%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 49%
Victor Fazio 100%
Russ Feingold 94%
Bob Filner 100%
Thomas Foglietta 77%
Mark Foley 31%
Michael Patrick Forbes 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Wendell Ford 5%
Tillie Fowler 31%
Jon David Fox 6%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 59%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elizabeth Furse 100%
Elton Gallegly 3%
John Ganske 16%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 16%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 54%
Jim Gibbons 23%
Wayne Gilchrest 42%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Benjamin Gilman 92%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 100%
Henry Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
William Goodling 0%
Bart Gordon 44%
Slade Gorton 14%
Porter Goss 3%
Daniel Graham 77%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
James Greenwood 100%
Judd Gregg 15%
Gilbert Gutknecht 3%
Tony Hall 6%
Lee Hamilton 21%
James Hansen 3%
Jane Harman 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 52%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 3%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 32%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 3%
Ernest Hollings 65%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Stephen Horn 90%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 49%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 69%
James Merrill Jeffords 100%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 10%
Jay Johnson 70%
Nancy Johnson 94%
Paul Kanjorski 16%
Sue Kelly 59%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 77%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 100%
Bob Kerrey 100%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jay Kim 3%
Gerald Kleczka 34%
Ronald Klink 16%
Scott Klug 46%
Joseph Knollenberg 3%
Herb Kohl 77%
James Kolbe 73%
Dennis Kucinich 12%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 17%
Ray LaHood 0%
Nicholas Lampson 54%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 13%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 34%
James Leach 42%
Jerry Lewis 19%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 94%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 0%
Robert Livingston 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 5%
William Luther 100%
Connie Mack 5%
James Maloney 77%
Thomas Manton 17%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 74%
Frank Mascara 13%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 100%
Bill McCollum 0%
James McCrery III 3%
Joseph McDade 3%
Paul McHale 60%
John McHugh 3%
Scott McInnis 13%
David McIntosh 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 29%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 100%
Jack Metcalf 0%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 26%
David Minge 54%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 31%
Alan Mollohan 3%
Constance Morella 100%
Carol Moseley Braun 100%
Patrick Moynihan 65%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 6%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 3%
Mark Neumann 0%
Robert William Ney 10%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 0%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 45%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 3%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 13%
Ronald Packard 3%
Michael Pappas 0%
Mike Parker 0%
Ron Paul 3%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 100%
Edward Pease 0%
John Peterson 3%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 94%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 54%
John Edward Porter 49%
Glenn Poshard 0%
Deborah Pryce 42%
Jack Quinn 0%
George Radanovich 3%
James Ramstad 46%
Bill Redmond 0%
Ralph Regula 21%
Silvestre Reyes 64%
Frank Riggs 13%
Bob Riley 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Timothy Roemer 13%
James Rogan 3%
William Roth, Jr. 20%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 59%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 71%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 3%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Robert Schaffer 0%
Steven Schiff 21%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 21%
Christopher Shays 77%
E.G. Shuster 13%
Norman Sisisky 60%
David Skaggs 100%
Joseph Skeen 15%
Ike Skelton 0%
Gordon Smith 20%
Linda Smith 0%
Nick Smith 0%
Robert Smith 3%
Bob Smith 0%
Vincent Snowbarger 0%
Olympia Snowe 77%
Vic Snyder 83%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 65%
Floyd Spence 3%
John Spratt, Jr. 54%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 0%
Ted Stevens 65%
Louis Stokes 100%
Ted Strickland 71%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 13%
John Sununu 3%
James Talent 0%
John Tanner 54%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 0%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 38%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 83%
Strom Thurmond 5%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Esteban Edward Torres 99%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 100%
James Traficant, Jr. 16%
James Turner 42%
Bruce Vento 100%
James Walsh 3%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 20%
Wesley Watkins 0%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 0%
Gerald Weller 0%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 17%
Rick White 26%
Bob Wise, Jr. 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Sidney Yates 100%
Bill Young 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.