Rating Group: National Education Association

1999 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 30%
Gary Ackerman 90%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 10%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 90%
Bill Archer 30%
Richard Armey 30%
John Ashcroft 20%
Brian Baird 90%
Richard Hugh Baker 22%
Cass Ballenger 30%
James Barcia 90%
Bob Barr, Jr. 20%
Bill Barrett 40%
Roscoe Bartlett 20%
Charlie Bass 30%
Herbert Bateman 40%
Max Baucus 90%
Evan Bayh 100%
Bob Bennett 20%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 44%
Shelley Berkley 90%
Howard Berman 88%
Marion Berry 100%
Judy Biggert 30%
Brian Bilbray 44%
Michael Bilirakis 40%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Rod Blagojevich 90%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 30%
Sherwood Boehlert 60%
Kit Bond 10%
Henry Bonilla 30%
David Edward Bonior 80%
Mary Bono Mack 30%
Robert Borski, Jr. 80%
Leonard Boswell 90%
Rick Boucher 90%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 80%
John Breaux 100%
Richard Bryan 100%
Ed Bryant 30%
Jim Bunning 10%
Conrad Burns 10%
Dan Burton 25%
Steve Buyer 30%
Robert Byrd 80%
Herbert Callahan 30%
Ben Campbell 20%
Thomas Campbell 30%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 30%
Chris Cannon 20%
Julia Carson 77%
Mike Castle 50%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 40%
William Clay, Sr. 80%
Eva Clayton 90%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 90%
Michael Collins 20%
Larry Combest 20%
Gary Condit 60%
Kent Conrad 90%
Merrill Cook 20%
John Cooksey 20%
Jerry Costello 90%
Paul Coverdell 10%
Christopher Cox 22%
William Coyne 80%
Larry Craig 20%
Robert Cramer 80%
Philip Crane 10%
Barbara Cubin 20%
Randall Cunningham 30%
Patsy Ann Danner 70%
Thomas Daschle 100%
James Davis 90%
Thomas Davis III 50%
Bill Delahunt 90%
Thomas DeLay 30%
James DeMint 20%
Peter Deutsch 90%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 40%
Jay Dickey 30%
Norm Dicks 100%
Julian Dixon 90%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 20%
Calvin Dooley 90%
John Doolittle 20%
Byron Dorgan 100%
David Dreier 30%
Jennifer Dunn 20%
John Edwards 100%
Chet Edwards 100%
Vern Ehlers 10%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 30%
Jo Ann Emerson 40%
Philip English 55%
Bob Etheridge 90%
Lane Evans 90%
Terry Everett 30%
Thomas Ewing 30%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 80%
Peter Fitzgerald 40%
Ernest Fletcher 20%
Mark Foley 20%
Michael Patrick Forbes 60%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 20%
Tillie Fowler 30%
Barney Frank 90%
Robert Franks 30%
William Frist 20%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 30%
John Ganske 60%
Sam Gejdenson 90%
George Gekas 30%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 90%
Jim Gibbons 30%
Wayne Gilchrest 40%
Paul Gillmor 30%
Benjamin Gilman 40%
Charlie Gonzalez 90%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 30%
William Goodling 50%
Bart Gordon 90%
Slade Gorton 30%
Porter Goss 20%
Daniel Graham 100%
William Phillip Gramm 10%
Rodney Grams 10%
Mark Green 20%
James Greenwood 40%
Judd Gregg 22%
Gilbert Gutknecht 30%
Tony Hall 100%
James Hansen 30%
J. Dennis Hastert 16%
Robert Hayes 20%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 20%
Joel Hefley 30%
Jesse Helms 10%
Wally Herger, Jr. 20%
Baron Hill 90%
Rick Hill 20%
Van Hilleary 20%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 80%
Maurice Hinchey 77%
David Lee Hobson 40%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 90%
Pete Hoekstra 20%
Thomas Holden 77%
Ernest Hollings 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Stephen Horn 50%
John Nathan Hostettler 30%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 44%
Kenny Hulshof 33%
Duncan Hunter 30%
Asa Hutchinson 30%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 22%
Kay Hutchison 20%
Henry Hyde 30%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 20%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 80%
William Jefferson 87%
James Merrill Jeffords 30%
William Lewis Jenkins 30%
Christopher John 90%
Nancy Johnson 70%
Paul Kanjorski 80%
Sue Kelly 30%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 77%
Bob Kerrey 100%
Dale Kildee 90%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 88%
Gerald Kleczka 90%
Ronald Klink 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 30%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 20%
Dennis Kucinich 80%
Steven Kuykendall 44%
Jon Kyl 20%
John LaFalce 90%
Ray LaHood 30%
Nicholas Lampson 90%
Tom Lantos 87%
Stephen Largent 10%
Steve LaTourette 40%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 33%
James Leach 50%
Jerry Lewis 40%
Ron Lewis 30%
Joe Lieberman 90%
Blanche Lincoln 100%
John Linder 20%
William Lipinski 77%
Trent Lott, Sr. 20%
Ken Lucas 66%
Dick Lugar 30%
William Luther 90%
Connie Mack 10%
James Maloney 90%
Don Manzullo 20%
Matthew Martinez 90%
Frank Mascara 87%
Robert Matsui 90%
Karen McCarthy 87%
Bill McCollum 30%
James McCrery III 30%
John McHugh 50%
Scott McInnis 30%
David McIntosh 20%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 80%
Michael McNulty 88%
Martin Meehan 88%
Carrie Meek 80%
Jack Metcalf 20%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 90%
Dan Miller 30%
David Minge 88%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 80%
John Moakley 90%
Alan Mollohan 77%
Dennis Moore 100%
Constance Morella 90%
Patrick Moynihan 100%
Frank Murkowski 20%
Jack Murtha 90%
Sue Myrick 20%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 30%
Robert William Ney 50%
Don Nickles 10%
Anne Northup 30%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 20%
James Nussle 22%
Jim Oberstar 80%
Dave Obey 70%
John Olver 80%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 90%
Doug Ose 40%
Major Owens 80%
Michael Oxley 30%
Ronald Packard 30%
Ron Paul 44%
Donald Payne 80%
Edward Pease 30%
John Peterson 37%
David Phelps 90%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 20%
Owen Pickett 90%
Richard Pombo 30%
Earl Pomeroy 100%
John Edward Porter 40%
Deborah Pryce 30%
Jack Quinn 80%
George Radanovich 20%
James Ramstad 30%
Ralph Regula 30%
Silvestre Reyes 100%
Thomas Reynolds 30%
Bob Riley 20%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 70%
Charles Robb 90%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Timothy Roemer 80%
James Rogan 40%
William Roth, Jr. 20%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 40%
Jim Ryun 20%
Martin Olav Sabo 80%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 90%
Rick Santorum 30%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 22%
Joe Scarborough 16%
Robert Schaffer 30%
John Shadegg 20%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 40%
Christopher Shays 20%
Donald Sherwood 20%
Ronnie Shows 80%
E.G. Shuster 33%
Norman Sisisky 90%
Joseph Skeen 30%
Ike Skelton 90%
Gordon Smith 20%
Nick Smith 11%
Bob Smith 10%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Vic Snyder 100%
Mark Souder 20%
Arlen Specter 50%
Floyd Spence 40%
John Spratt, Jr. 100%
Pete Stark 77%
Cliff Stearns 20%
Charles Stenholm 70%
Ted Stevens 20%
Ted Strickland 90%
Bob Stump 30%
Bart Stupak 100%
John Sununu 10%
John Sweeney 30%
James Talent 30%
Tom Tancredo 20%
John Tanner 90%
Ellen Tauscher 80%
William Tauzin 30%
Charles Taylor 30%
Gene Taylor 60%
Craig Thomas 10%
William Thomas 22%
Fred Thompson 10%
Karen Thurman 90%
Strom Thurmond 20%
Todd Tiahrt 22%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 90%
James Traficant, Jr. 90%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 90%
James Turner 90%
Bruce Vento 80%
George Voinovich 50%
James Walsh 30%
Zach Wamp 20%
John Warner 30%
Wesley Watkins 30%
Mel Watt 90%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 20%
Anthony Weiner 90%
David Weldon 20%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Gerald Weller 30%
Paul Wellstone 90%
Robert Wexler 90%
Bob Weygand 90%
Heather Wilson 30%
Bob Wise, Jr. 90%
Lynn Woolsey 80%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 88%
Bill Young 44%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 90%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 90%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 90%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 80%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 90%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 80%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 80%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 90%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 90%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 90%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 90%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 80%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 80%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 80%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 80%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 80%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 90%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 90%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 80%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 80%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 80%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 80%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 90%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 80%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 88%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 88%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 80%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 80%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 90%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 90%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 80%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 90%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 80%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 77%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 90%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 90%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 90%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 80%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 85%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 75%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 90%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 80%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 80%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 80%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 70%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 90%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 80%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 90%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 90%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 90%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 80%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 77%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 90%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 90%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 80%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 77%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 90%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 88%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 80%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 80%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 90%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 88%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 60%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 90%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 80%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 88%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 70%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 88%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 90%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 77%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 88%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 80%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 90%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 20%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 20%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 20%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 40%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 20%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 30%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 11%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 30%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 30%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 37%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 20%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 20%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 20%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 10%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 20%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 50%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 22%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 20%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 30%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 20%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 10%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 30%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 30%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 30%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 30%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 20%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 20%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 40%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 20%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 20%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 22%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 22%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 33%
OH Governor John Kasich R 20%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 40%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 20%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 30%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 30%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 30%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 25%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 20%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 30%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 20%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 30%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 30%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 20%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 20%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 10%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 20%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 30%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 20%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 40%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 20%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 11%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 12%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 20%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 20%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 10%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 20%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 10%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 40%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 40%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 30%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 33%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 20%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 20%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 40%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 10%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 30%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 14%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 30%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 40%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 30%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 30%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 30%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.